Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Sixth Edition

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Sixth Edition"— Presentation transcript:

1 Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Sixth Edition
By Andrew Karmen Chapter Nine: Victims of Violence by Lovers and Family Members

2 Rediscovery of Wife Beating
Rediscovery during 1970s—”Silent Crisis” Historical Perspective of Problem Patriarchy—man’s right to discipline, home was his castle, hands-off policy RULE of THUMB Moderate Correction Unnatural severity—Child abuse/fine or death—Wife abuse/up to judge

3 Rediscovery of Wife Beating
Learned Helplessness—“Battered Woman Syndrome” Three Phase Cycle of Domestic Violence Tension Building The Battering Tranquil Loving Aftermath

4 Incidence, Prevalence and Seriousness
Which victim-offender relationships should be included or excluded? What is abuse?—injuries and attacking—definitions clearly shape findings Is minor violence criminal violence? Lack of public consensus = normative ambiguity

5 Maximalist Arguments Note
Women much more likely to be harmed by intimate than a stranger Six million women “physically abused” each year 1.8 million serious assaults ½ of all incidents not reported to police Domestic violence is #1 cause of injuries for women aged 15-44

6 Minimalist Arguments Note
Only 1 in 50 women in 20s experience nonfatal violent offenses in a year NCVS shows trends for domestic violence decreasing 1.1 million offenses in 1993 and 600,000 in 2001

7 Battered Women and CJ System
Therapeutic Model—women not totally innocent. Shared responsibility. Long term approach is to strengthen bond. Legalistic Model—in favor since 1980s Separate Parties—Order of Protection Rescue and protect injured Punish and rehabilitate aggressor Arresting may deter future acts

8 Battered Women and CJ System
Police Response—Minneapolis Study 50% of arrested offenders did not re-assault victim 26% of those forced to leave re-offended upon return 18% of those sent to counseling re-offended in follow up period Law Enforcement determined best response was to arrest. Domestic Violence Arrest Without Warrant

9 Battered Women and CJ System
Prosecutorial Response Women often manipulated into dropping charges “No drop approach”: need only corroborating evidence if victim does not testify If accuser fails to show up at trial, case is typically dropped or acquitted

10 Battered Women and CJ System
Judicial response In too many cases, clear spouse abuse cases can be lengthy trials Judges order can—evict, bar contact, threats, harassment, stalking, and limit visitation Civil remedies aimed at separation of two—not to punish Law enforcement does not actively enforce civil orders

11 Preventing Battering Current responses not dealing with “root of the problem” Decision making in family flows with income and property. Men have power—women subordinate to them. Men taught to be aggressive—Women taught to be passive and resignation. Rule of Patriarchy—”Men Rule.” Women must “love, honor, and obey.”

12 Domestic Violence Same-Sex Partners Battered Husbands
Partner violence about same as heterosexuals Few resources to turn to for help Battered Husbands - Hesitant to report—disbelief to mockery - No access to resources for help Men’s ability to financially support themselves usually results in them leaving the relationship

13 Victim Provocation and Murder
When is slaying of a wife beater justified? Read Chapter examples, pages Victim Blaming vs. Victim Defending

14 Victim Provocation and Murder
Victim Defending Arguments—siding with the dead man, noting his provocations not significant enough to justify his death—notes her overreaction—leads to offender blaming that she must be punished accordingly Violence went too far, should have called police, left the home, divorce Women cannot be judge, jury, and executioner Man cannot defend himself in court—he’s dead

15 Victim Provocation and Murder
Victim Blaming Arguments Dead husband responsible for demise—his insults, challenges and assaults incited her Those who strike back were socially and economically isolate, more severely beaten, children abused Deadly force justified as it is a self-defense measure Weapon justified due to lack of strength Women often killed by his strength and force

16 Victim Provocation and Murder
Victim blaming most convincing to police when: Threatened or beaten repeatedly Prior rescue by police Testified in court Sought marital counseling Attempted escape Filed for divorce Visible injuries at arrest Demonstrates crimes are socially defined. No act is inherently criminal—even homicide!

17 Rediscovery of Other Victims of Beatings
Young Women Battered During Courtship Abuse of Parents by Adolescents Elder Abuse Battering Within Same-Sex Relationships

18 Preventing Battering Primary Prevention Programs
Attempts to change attitudes of large numbers of people—high school students Secondary Prevention Programs Intervention into lives of high risk couples Teaching of negotiation and anger management techniques

19 Key Terms patriarchy Rule of Thumb speakouts Shelters
Intimate Partners Domestic Tranquility patriarchy Unnatural severity Moderate correction Domestic chastisement Rule of Thumb Battered woman syndrome speakouts Normative ambiguity Clinical fallacy Shelters Order of Protection Restraining Order Pro arrest directives No drop prosecution policy Elder abuse Secondary prevention programs Primary prevention programs

Download ppt "Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Sixth Edition"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google