Presentation on theme: "What is Poetry? Characteristics of Poetry"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is Poetry? Characteristics of Poetry About PoetryWhat is Poetry?Characteristics of Poetry
2 WHAT IS POETRY? Defining poetry is tricky because a simple definition can’t do it justice.It’s like trying to define a tree or a sunrise.To truly understand poetry,you must experience it: you must read it –deeply, widely, carefully, and repeatedly,and you must write it as well.That said, let’s take a look atthree fairly acceptable definitions:
3 “A poem is a piece of writing in which the words are chosen for their sound and the images and ideas they suggest, not just their obvious meaning. The words are arranged in separate lines, often ending in rhyme.” from Cambridge International Dictionary of English.“Poetry is writing in language chosen and arranged to create a particular emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm.” from Webster’s New Encyclopedic Dictionary.“Poetry is writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm.” from
4 I’ve taken the liberty of joining these three definitions, adding a few clarifying words here and there:Poetry is:1-a form of creative writing2-that expresses a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience3-with words carefully chosen for their sound and for the images and ideas they suggest, not just their obvious meaning,4-and arranged in intentional separate lines, sometimes ending in rhyme,5-for the purpose of creating a particular emotional response through its layers of meaning, placement of words, sound, and rhythm.
5 A few years ago, my students and I brainstormed the following list of CHARACTERISTICS OF POETRY: 1- Poetry uses concentrated language: less words, moremeaning.2- All words are chosen carefully so that each word packs apunch.3- Words are chosen for their sound and layers of meaning.4- Often poetry uses language in a beautiful, creative, andexpressive way.
6 6- Words are intentionally arranged in separate lines. 5- Often poetry expresses strong feelings and emotions.6- Words are intentionally arranged in separate lines.7- Lines are sometimes arranged in stanzas.8- Often poetry has rhythm.9- Sometimes poetry has rhyme.10- Poetry contains imagery (descriptions with sensorydetails), figurative language (similes, metaphors, symbolism,personification, etc.), and sound effects (alliteration,onomatopoeia, assonance, consonance, rhythm, and rhyme).
7 11- Poems have their own unique shape. 12- Poetry comes in different forms and patterns.13- Poetry always has a purpose, but it doesn’t always haveto make sense.14- Sometimes poems don’t follow punctuation/capitalizationrules, but when rules are broken, it’s for a reason.15- Poetry doesn’t have to be serious; it can be funny or silly.16- Poetry uses language to create music and art.
8 17- Poems contain some (and sometimes all) elements of fiction (setting, point-of-view, characterization, conflict,plot, theme, voice, style, and mood).18- Poetry makes you see an aspect of life or the world ina new way.19- Poetry attempts to put into words inexpressible ideasand emotions.20- Poetry should be seen, heard, and “felt with theheart.”
9 From “Inside a Poem” by Eve Merriam: It doesn’t always have to rhyme,but there’s the repeat of a beat,somewherean inner chime that makes you want totap your feet or swerve in a curve;a lilt, a leap, a lightning-split: ---thunderstruck the consonants jut,while the vowels open wide as waves inthe noon-blue sea.
10 GREAT BOOKS ABOUT POETRY: How to Write Poetry by Paul B. JaneczkoImmersed in Verse by Allan WolfA Kick In the Head by Paul B. JaneczkoThe Series Poetry for Young People by ScholasticReader’s Handbook by Great Source Education Group(the section titled “Reading Poetry”)
11 This PowerPoint presentation was created by Ms. Elsa Pla, the Write Cook.2011