Presentation on theme: "Creativity and the Visual Arts Diane M. Wilcox, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:
Creativity and the Visual Arts Diane M. Wilcox, Ph.D.
Children and Artistic Ability The arts are essential to a child’s intellectual development Drawing and painting can be taught to any child
Visual/Spatial Intelligence All children have the ability to express themselves visually, but there is great variability in this ability Howard Gardner says that all people have some degree of “visual/spatial intelligence”
Multiple Intelligence Theory (MI) Linguistic Logical - Mathematical Visual-spatial Kinesthetic Musical Naturalist Interpersonal Intrapersonal According to Howard Gardner, humans possess eight intelligences:
MI Theory, cont. There is no “artistic” intelligence The Visual Arts use visual/spatial, kinesthetic, and intrapersonal intelligences
MI Theory, cont. Visual/Spatial Intelligence – the ability to perceive the visual world accurately and to use mental imagery to perform transformations.
MI Theory, cont. Kinesthetic Intelligence – the ability to use one's body in differentiated ways for both expressive and goal-directed activities.
MI Theory, cont. Intrapersonal Intelligence – the ability to self-appraise, self monitor, self correct, set goals, and manage one’s emotions.
Children and Artistic Development Children go through different developmental stages in visual expression Although all children go through these stages, there is some variability as to when they go through them http://www.learningdesign.com/Portfolio/DrawDev/kiddrawing.html
Scribbling Stage Disorganized scribbles 2 years old http://www.learningdesign.com/Portfolio/DrawDev/kiddrawing.html
Pre-schematic/Symbols Children try to draw a person 3 years old 4 years old http://www.learningdesign.com/Portfolio/DrawDev/kiddrawing.html
Schematic/Landscape The child uses a “schema” to portray what he/she understands about the world 6 years old
The Gang Stage: Complexity/Realism Children are concerned with trying to draw how things really look They compare their work to others 8 years old 10 years old
Pseudo-Naturalistic/Crisis Period Children strive to create “adult-like” images 12 years old