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Creativity and the Visual Arts Diane M. Wilcox, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "Creativity and the Visual Arts Diane M. Wilcox, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creativity and the Visual Arts Diane M. Wilcox, Ph.D.

2 Children and Artistic Ability The arts are essential to a child’s intellectual development Drawing and painting can be taught to any child

3 Visual/Spatial Intelligence All children have the ability to express themselves visually, but there is great variability in this ability Howard Gardner says that all people have some degree of “visual/spatial intelligence”

4 Multiple Intelligence Theory (MI) Linguistic Logical - Mathematical Visual-spatial Kinesthetic Musical Naturalist Interpersonal Intrapersonal According to Howard Gardner, humans possess eight intelligences:

5 MI Theory, cont. There is no “artistic” intelligence The Visual Arts use visual/spatial, kinesthetic, and intrapersonal intelligences

6 MI Theory, cont. Visual/Spatial Intelligence – the ability to perceive the visual world accurately and to use mental imagery to perform transformations.

7 MI Theory, cont. Kinesthetic Intelligence – the ability to use one's body in differentiated ways for both expressive and goal-directed activities.

8 MI Theory, cont. Intrapersonal Intelligence – the ability to self-appraise, self monitor, self correct, set goals, and manage one’s emotions.

9 Children and Artistic Development Children go through different developmental stages in visual expression Although all children go through these stages, there is some variability as to when they go through them

10 Scribbling Stage Disorganized scribbles 2 years old

11 Pre-schematic/Symbols Children try to draw a person 3 years old 4 years old

12 Schematic/Landscape The child uses a “schema” to portray what he/she understands about the world 6 years old

13 The Gang Stage: Complexity/Realism Children are concerned with trying to draw how things really look They compare their work to others 8 years old 10 years old

14 Pseudo-Naturalistic/Crisis Period Children strive to create “adult-like” images 12 years old

15 Artists that Inspire Children

16 Diego Rivera Famous Mexican Muralist Was a child (12 years old) when he painted this

17 Rivera – painted at Age 18

18 Jacob Lawrence A famous African American painter known for his narrative paintings

19 Georgia O’Keefe Famous female artist Known for her sumptuous flower paintings

20 Pablo Picasso Born in Spain Displayed exceptional talent as a child Started the cubist movement with Georges Braque

21 Color Theory Primary Colors

22 Activity: Make a Color Wheel After this activity, you will be able to: Make a color wheel containing 3 primary and 3 secondary colors

23 Activity: Make a Color Wheel Blue, Red, and Yellow are the primary colors

24 Activity: Make a Color Wheel Blue and red make purple

25 Activity: Make a Color Wheel Yellow and red make orange

26 Activity: Make a Color Wheel Blue and yellow make green

27 Primary and Secondary Colors Activity: Make a Color Wheel

28 Add white to make tints Activity: Make a Color Wheel

29 Add black to make shades

30 Activity: Make a Color Wheel Complementary colors are opposite each other on the color wheel – Blue – Orange – Red – Green – Yellow – Purple When complementary colors are mixed, they make gray

31 Activity: Crayon Resist After this activity, you will be able to: Use paint and crayon resist to create a self portrait

32 Activity: Stencils After this activity, you will be able to: Use stencils and paint to create a landscape

33 Questions?

34 References: Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21 st Century by Howard Gardner


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