Presentation on theme: "Do Now With 2-3 peers that are sitting next to you, create a list of things that make up poetry. If you have any prior knowledge of poetic terminology."— Presentation transcript:
1Do NowWith 2-3 peers that are sitting next to you, create a list of things that make up poetry. If you have any prior knowledge of poetic terminology be sure to include it!Be prepared to discuss your list with the class.
3RhythmA pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds in poetry. Poets use rhythm to create pleasurable sound patterns and to reinforce meanings.Question: How might rhythm be used to reinforce meaning in a poem?
4RhymeRepetition of accented vowel sounds, and all sounds following them, in words that are close together in a poem.End rhymes are rhymes that occur at the end of lines.Internal rhymes are rhymes that occur within a line of poetry.Near rhymes are imperfect rhymes, like bitter and filter.Note task: Think of at least 3 rhyming words and include them with your definition.
5Rhyme SchemeThe pattern of rhymes in a poem. Rhyme schemes are charted in a poem by using a different letter of the alphabet for each rhyme. Examples: abab cdcd or abba cddcNote task: Chart the rhyme scheme of this short poem:Old MaryMy last defenseIs the present tense.It little hurts me now to knowI shall not goCathedral-hunting in SpainNor cherrying in Michigan or Maine.
6ConsonanceRepetition of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds in a grouping or series of words.Example: home, same, time
7AssonanceRepetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds in a group or series of words.Example: base, fade, pain
8AlliterationRepetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a group or series.Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.Question: Can you think of another familiar example of alliteration?
9Onomatopoeia Words that represent sounds. Examples: Swoosh Bang Pop Crackbam
10ImageryLanguage that appeals to the senses and creates a mental picture.
11SimileFigure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than.Note Task: Write down a few examples of similes that you can think of or are suggested by your classmates.
12MetaphorFigure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the using like, as, than, or resembles.Note Taking Task: Write down a few examples of metaphors that you can think of or are suggested by your classmates.
13PersonificationGiving inanimate object (non-living thing) human qualitiesExample – The tea pot whistled.Note Task: Think of at least one other example of personification
14Lines and StanzasA Line is the most basic unit of poetry, and can be measured in feet, a unit for describing the number of and arrangement of syllables in a line.A Stanza is a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit. Similar to a paragraph in prose.
15ScansionThe process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line.
16MeterPattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. Helps to create a flow in the language, and can contribute to the musical sound of some poems.Question: Can you detect the meter in the following lines?The badger turns and drives them all awayThough scarcely half as big, dimute and smallHe fights with dogs for hours and beats them allThe heavy mastiff savage in the fray
17Langston HughesWith a partner, read and answer the questions for “Harlem” by Langston Hughes.Be prepared to discuss.