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AFC COACH EDUCATION FUTSAL AND PSYCHOLOGY. AFC COACH EDUCATION Acquiring mental skills The good news is that just like their physical counterparts, mental.

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Presentation on theme: "AFC COACH EDUCATION FUTSAL AND PSYCHOLOGY. AFC COACH EDUCATION Acquiring mental skills The good news is that just like their physical counterparts, mental."— Presentation transcript:


2 AFC COACH EDUCATION Acquiring mental skills The good news is that just like their physical counterparts, mental skills can be developed and perfected. The acquisition of physical skills can be thought of as a three-phase process: 1. Cognitive 2. Associative 3. Autonomous

3 AFC COACH EDUCATION focusing on the nature of the task A. COGNETIVE

4 AFC COACH EDUCATION Skill acquisition essentially begins in the cognitive stage with the process of modeling the skill required. This skill is physical and can be observed and taught. In particular the use of videotapes and T.V can assist to improve, which perhaps the performer did not even know about. Yet when the skill has mental components, or is a purely mental skill, you can only achieve so much by observation, the way to really understand the breakdown of the strategy is to ask. And of course you have to ask the right questions. A. COGNETIVE

5 AFC COACH EDUCATION develops proprioception B. ASSOCIATIVE The ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts learning to feel weather our movements are correct What you hear, see and feel is important

6 AFC COACH EDUCATION making this an unconscious process C. AUTONOMOUS

7 AFC COACH EDUCATION So the mental processes that we have obtained must be connected with the physical aspects of the skill, and should go hand in hand with the practice of that skill. During coaching sessions the mental and the physical aspects must be practiced and seen as two sides of the same skill. We do have an additional advantage in the learning of mental skills: they can be practiced and refined almost anywhere. Even on the bus. There is enormous value in repetition and mental skills can be repeated far more and much more quickly. We can take advantage of this by repeating and practicing the skill mentally at a much faster rate than we would perform it in practice. Towards Autonomous installation

8 AFC COACH EDUCATION Concentration, Confidence, Control and Commitment THE 4C's These 4 C’s in Futsal are generally considered to be the main mental qualities that are important for successful performance

9 AFC COACH EDUCATION 1. Concentration ability to maintain focus THE 4C's

10 AFC COACH EDUCATION 2. Confidence believe in one's abilities THE 4C's

11 AFC COACH EDUCATION This is the mental quality to focus on the task in hand. If the player lacks concentration then their athletic abilities will not be effectively or efficiently applied to the task. Research has identified the following types of attention focus: Broad Narrow continuum - the athlete focuses on a large or small number of stimuli Internal External continuum - the athlete focuses on internal stimuli (feelings) or external stimuli (ball) The demand for concentration varies with the sport: 1. Sustained concentration - distance running 2. Short bursts of concentration - cricket, golf 3. Intense concentration – basketball,Futsal Concentration

12 AFC COACH EDUCATION YOU ACHIEVE WHAT YOU BELIEVE Confidence is the comparison between the player goals and their abilities. Players will have got self-confidence if they believe to achieve in their goal. POSITIVE AND ENTHUSIASM When players have self confidence they will tend to persevere even though things are not going to plan, firm trust to share in their success and fail. MENTAL IMAGERY To improve self confidence, visualize previous good performance to remind them of the look and feel imagine various scenarios and how they will cope with them Confidence

13 AFC COACH EDUCATION 3. Control ability to maintain emotional control regardless of distraction THE 4C's

14 AFC COACH EDUCATION Identifying when a player feels a particular emotion and understanding the reason for the feelings is an important stage of helping a player gain emotional control. An player's ability to maintain control of their emotions in the face of adversity and remain positive is essential to successful performance. poor performance factors 1. Anxiety 2. Anger Control

15 AFC COACH EDUCATION Anxiety comes in two forms: 1.Physical (butterflies, sweating, nausea, needing the toilet) 2.Mental (worry, negative thoughts, confusion, lack of concentration). When a player becomes angry the cause of the anger often becomes the focus of attention. This then leads to a lack of concentration on the task at hand, performance deteriorates, confidence in ability is lost which fuels the anger - a slippery slope to failure. Relaxation is a technique that can be used to reduce anxiety. ANXIETY

16 AFC COACH EDUCATION The promotion of rest, recovery and recuperation The removal of stress related reactions, e.g. increased muscular tension, etc. The establishing of a physical and mental state which has an increased receptivity to positive mental imagery The establishing of a set level of physical and mental arousal prior to warming up for competition RELAXATION Relaxation itself can be useful in a number of circumstances including:

17 AFC COACH EDUCATION 4. Commitment ability to continue working to agreed goals THE 4C's

18 AFC COACH EDUCATION Players performance depends on the player being fully committed to numerous goals over many years. In competition with these goals the player will have many aspects of daily life to manage. The many competing interests and commitments include: work, studies, family, friends and etc. Commitment

19 AFC COACH EDUCATION A perceived lack of progress or improvement Not being sufficiently involved in developing the training program Not understanding the objectives of the training program Injury Lack of enjoyment Anxiety about performance - competition Becoming bored Coach athlete not working as a team Lack of commitment by other athletes Within the Futsal player commitment can be undermined by:

20 AFC COACH EDUCATION Setting goals with the player will raise their feelings of value, give them joint ownership of the goals and therefore become more committed to achieving them. Many people (coach, manager, friends, medical,support team, etc) can contribute to the player's levels of commitment with appropriate levels of support and positive feedback, especially during times of injury, illness and poor performance. Commitment All goals should be SMARTER

21 AFC COACH EDUCATION Goals must be Specific Training targets should be Measurable Goals should be Adjustable Goals must be Realistic Training targets should be Time based Goals should be challenging and Exciting Goals should be Recorded WHAT IS SMARTER ?

22 AFC COACH EDUCATION Quotation of psychologist : Logically choosing one of the 4C's to initially focus on,it would be self-confidence. In your role as a coach have come across with successful players those are very highly motivated and so tend to posses high levels of commitment and concentration and good levels of control. Developing the player's mental approach and how their performance would be improved through an analysis of the 4C's. The way forward BENEFICIAL TO DO


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