Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime in the Czech Republic.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime in the Czech Republic."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime in the Czech Republic

2 2 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Section to Coordinate the Struggle Against Corruption The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic

3 3 Mgr. Milan Kryštof Čech, DBA

4 4 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic The Czech law enables only the forfeiture of proceeds of crime in criminal proceedings Criminal Procedure Codex (procedure) Act. No 141/1961 Sb. Criminal Procedure Codex (procedure) Act. No 40/2009 Sb. Criminal Codex (final decision)

5 5 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic The general conditions for the forfeiture of property acquired offense according to the Czech law:  property was acquired by offense or as a reward for them  property was acquired by offense or as a reward for them and do not belong offender  property was acquired in exchange for property acquired by criminal offense

6 6 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Detection phase Obligation to render a thing and forfeiture of a thing - Article 78 and 79 of CPCSecuring financial means on a bank account – Art 79a of CPC Securing financial means on an account of a saving and credit co-operative- Art 79b of CPC Securing of booked securities - Art 79c of CPCSeizure of real estate – Art 79d of CPCSeizure of another asset value – Art 79e of CPCSeizure of equivalent value – Art 79f of CPC Investigation phase (after a particular individual is charged with a specific crime) Seizure for the purposes of satisfaction of claims of the damaged party – Art 47 of CPC Securing the execution of the judgement of confiscation of property – Art 347 of CPC Legal possibilities of seizure in Criminal Procedure Codex (CPC)

7 7 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Punishment Confiscation of property – Art 66 of CCPecuniary penalty – Art 67 of CCConfiscation of a thing or other asset value – Art 70 of CCConfiscation of equivalent value - Art 71 of CC Protective measure Forfeiture of a thing or other property value – Art 101 of CCForfeiture of substitute value – Art 102 of CC Legal possibilities of confiscation in Criminal Codex (CC)

8 8 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Sources of information on the property: In the Czech Republic exist only two complete central registers of property:  the Land Register - records the ownership of real estate in the country  the Register of Companies - records the majority of business companies There is no central register of bank accounts. There is no general obligation to submit property statements which gives a chance easy compare the legal revenue and acquired property; so it always is necessary to prove that a unclear acquired property is conected with illegal (criminal) activity. Although exists central register of dematerialized securities, also exist anonymous shares.

9 9 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic The most common problem is efforts of offenders to hide assets or hide true origin of his property. The amount of forfeiture assets gradually declined until 2009 when it was in 2010 developed a new methodology for searching and documenting ties between property and the offenders.

10 10 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Basics of the new metodology  establishment of a central methodological workplace for whole Police by UOKFK  each police workplace which deals with the criminal investigation have a specialists who are working only in area forfeiture proceeds  include evaluation of secured proceeds in the assessment of Police Chiefs  evaluation of all investigated cases in terms of removing the proceeds of crime  evaluation judgments in which were not withdrawn secured proceeds of crime to find possible causes to have a chance improve police work

11 11 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Legal and real situation requires intensive police work because we can not simply count for purposes forfeiture only the property listed in public records. „WHITE HORSE“ Moreover, common strategy of offenders is use „WHITE HORSE“ - fake owners real estate or business companies. It is therefore necessary to look after such things like:  as a connection offenders to the specific company through multiple firms in more levels as a minority shareholders  whether the offender or one of this firms does not pay for electricity, water or etc. in the building which has no formal relationship

12 12 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic For the possible forfeiture, assets has to be first finded and secured. It is the responsibility of the Police. „Police financial investigation“ is a part of the investigation of fundamental offence, which have to „Police financial investigation“ is a part of the investigation of fundamental offence, which have to detect, document and seizure of assets of crime or the substitute value for the purposes of the enforcement of punishment or satisfaction of claims of the damaged party in criminal proceedings.

13 13 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Number of police experts, who deal only financial investigations  UOKFK … ………………… officers (12 experts of Department of Tax Fraud and Money Laundering 16 financial investigators throughout other departments and branches of UOKFK (Unit Combating Corruption and Financial Crimes)  Unit Combating Organized Crime … officers  National Anti-Drug Squad …………… officers  Regional Directorates (14x approx. 3 experts ).. 42 officers  District Police Directorates (81 x 1-2 experts on financial investigation) ………………………….…128 officers Total.…………………..……………… officers

14 14 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Police are authorized to carry out the preliminary securing assets, but within 48 hours about seizure of property has to decide:  during investigation – public Prosecutor  during the court proceedings - Judge

15 15 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic The role of Police financial investigators  Performs financial investigation on a request of case responsible officer.  Actively searches cases in which should be provide financial investigation.  Carries out summary financial investigation – this process is not limited to administrative steps, it includes operational investigation, analysis, acts related to seizure, measures related to storage of seized assets.  Shares information on legal/tactical obstacles encountered while investigation.  Investigates cases of legalization of proceeds of crime.  Searches for cases related to legalization of proceeds from crime.

16 16 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Seized assets - statistics2004 – 2011 Seized assets - statistics 2004 – 2011 (x CZK; 1 EURO = 24,915 CZK) provisionally secured finally withdrawn provisionally secured finally withdrawn

17 17 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Ratio damage caused by crime and confiscated property (x CZK; 1 EURO = 24,915 CZK) YearSeized property Confiscated property Damage caused by all types of crime Percentage of damage caused by crimes and confiscated property , , , , , , ,7 I. half ,2

18 18 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb, BIZguard Software applications that enables to interconnect and visualize outputs from different open sources :  commercial register,  trade register,  insolvency register,  distraint proceedings,  information on securities issued in the Czech Republic,  media monitor.

19 19 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb  an extensive database of economic information. It contains data about Czech enterprises and stock market  contains information about securities issued in CZ territory, description of events related to Czech enterprises and economy  covers relevant press services  includes the archive of Collection of Documents (from Commercial Register) and a tool for financial analysis

20 20 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb

21 21 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb – basic inquiries The system enables to search information on specific natural/legal person in user friendly environment

22 22 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb – advance inquiries Advanced inquires enable to : depict tree-structured file, visualize financial statements in relevant period, print out summary overview

23 23 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb – tree-structure Summary report in tree-structured file contains: name, identification, registered seat, creation date, contact details, number of employees, annual turnout, financial statements, ownership, composition of executive bodies, auditors, customers, data from Collection of Documents, media coverage, information from the internet

24 24 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic MagnusWeb – Financial Statements

25 25 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic BIZguard Database application that creates a graphic image of interconnection among economic subjects in the Czech Republic. The application extracts data from MagnusWeb database.

26 26 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic BIZguard – outcome example

27 27 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic BIZguard – outcome example

28 28 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Conclusion Also in situation when:  absent property statements,  non-existent central register of bank accounts,  exist anonymous shares is possible to achieving excellent results in withdrawing the proceeds of crime,

29 29 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic but:  is needed to have more police specialists only for this activity,  is needed to build an effective organization of the police,  is necessary to use powerfull software tools to evaluate all the information and links it.

30 30 The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "1 Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime in the Czech Republic."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google