Presentation on theme: "Classification of species"— Presentation transcript:
1Classification of species Arturo ValderrutenColegio La Arboleda9th grade
2Find the mistake and click on it! Animals can be invertebrates and vertebrates, single-celled and multicellular, their cells lack walls, and they break down glucose through respiration.
3Find the mistake and click on it! Plants are multicellular organisms. Their cells are protected by walls that allow them to grow bigger. They make their own food through photosynthesis, so they don’t need to respire.
4Find the mistake and click on it! Fungi is the plural of fungus. In this kingdom, cells have walls. They obtain energy through photosynthesis and the break down of other organic materials.
5Find the mistake and click on it! Protists are single-celled organisms that may look like animals, such as paramecium and protozoans. Others look like plants, for example algae and amoeba. There are also fungi-like protists.
6Find the mistake and click on it! Monera is the order of bacteria (singular = bacterium). Some photosynthesize while others respire. Their nucleus doesn’t have a nuclear membrane.
7Find the mistake and click on it! The binomial nomenclature is a two part naming system is that consists of family and species.
8Find the mistake and click on it! The binomial nomenclature for all humans is Homo Sapiens.
9Find the mistake and click on it! The binomial nomenclature was created by Charles Darwin.
10Find the mistake and click on it! The kingdom Mammalia refers to all animals that give birth to their offspring and feeds them with milk.
11Find the mistake and click on it! These two cats look very similar. They probably belong to the same species.
12Find the mistake and click on it! Scientists classify things into three main groups: it’s alive, it’s dead, and will live.
13Find the mistake and click on it! Living things are objects that can pass on genetic information through respiration.
14Find the mistake and click on it! Charles Darwin came up with the theory of evolution when he was exploring the South American rainforest.
15If a group of animals can successfully reproduce among each other, they belong to the same species. TrueFalse
16The dna sequences of two species of sharks would be more similar than the DNA sequences of a shark and a dolphin.TrueFalse
17the correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species is: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.TrueFalse
18Scientists use the gel electrophoresis technique to identify DNA similarities among organisms in order to classify them.TrueFalse
19The organism at the base of a phylogenetic tree is the common ancestor of all organisms depicted in the tree.TrueFalse
20Phylogenic trees depict presumed evolutionary relationships based on a variety of types of evidence. TrueFalse
21Bacteria is plural and its singular is bacterium. TrueFalse
22The scientific name of an organism is the same for scientists all over the world. TrueFalse
23The organism Quercus phellos is a member of the genus Quercus. TrueFalse
24The binomial system was established by Carl Linnaeus. TrueFalse
25The Asian and African elephants probably belong to the same... GenusSpecies
26The phylum Chordata means with a spinal chord and vertebrae. TrueFalse
29Plants can carry out respiration and photosynthesis. TrueFalse
30Fungi is the kingdom of organisms that break down other organic material to obtain energy. TrueFalse
31Monera is the kingdom of single-celled organisms that lack a nuclear envelope. TrueFalse
32Two animals copulate, but their offspring is always aborted or sterile Two animals copulate, but their offspring is always aborted or sterile. The fact that they can copulate shows that they are members of the same species.TrueFalse
51What kingdoms lack cell walls? Plants and animalsAnimals and protistaMonerans and fungiPlants and monerans
52How do you call multicellular organisms whose cells are bounded by a cellulose wall? MoneransPlantsFungiAnimals
53Complete the sentence with the correct word. A group of closely related genera is called ___.orderfamilyclassgenus
54Complete the sentence with the correct word. This insect belongs to the ___ choleoptera.familyordergenusphylum
55Complete the sentence with the correct word. kingdoms are divided into phyla, and a phylum is divided into ___.familiesclassesgeneraorders
56Complete the sentence with the correct word. The current classification system was devised by ___.AristotleLinneausPlatoDarwin
57Complete the sentence with the correct word. A ___ allows scientists to identify different insect orders.taxonomic treedichotomous keycladistic chartphenogram
58Complete the sentence with the correct word. A ___ allows scientists to classify extinct organisms.dichotomous keyfossilcladogramgel electrophoresis
59A dichotomous key is used to: interbreed speciesdivide a kingdomidentify an organismlocate an organism
60What kingdoms can do both photosynthesis and respiration? Plants, protista and animalsMonerans, plants and fungiPlants, monerans and protistaPlants, animals and monerans
61How do you call single celled organisms that can photosinthesize or respire? (Their nucleus lacks a membrane, but their cells have a protective wall)ProtozoansFungiMoneransPlants
62It’s the kingdom of bacteria: FungiProtistaMoneraPlants
63It’s the genus of a cat:PantheraLeoFelisMammalia
64It’s the phylum of a man: AnimaliaHominidaeChordataPrimata
65What is the smallest classification group? OrderFamilySpeciesGenus
66Which of the following scientists developed the system of classifying organisms by assigning them a genus and species name?LeakeyAristoleLinnaeusMendel
67The red maple is also know as Acer rubrum. Its species is _____.
68Complete the sentence with the correct word. The first letter of every species name is ___.from the latin alphabetUpper caselow case“S”
69Complete the sentence with the correct word. The science of classifying living things is called____.identificationclassificationtaxonomyspeciation
70Complete the sentence with the correct word. If two organisms are in the same phylum, they must also be in the same ___.classspecieskingdomfamily
71Complete the sentence with the correct word. A ___ shows different specimens organized with evolutionary criteria.phenogramdichotomous keycladistic chartscientific name
72Complete the sentence with the correct word. The lowest hierarchy level in biological classification is the ___.orderfamilyspeciesgenus
73Complete the sentence with the correct word. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom ___.FungiPlantaeProtistaMonera
74Complete the sentence with the correct word. The only taxon in which the biological characteristics are clearly identifiable is the ___.classphylumspecieskingdom
75Complete the sentence with the correct word. Scientific names are ___ because they consist of two words.hierarchicalorderedbinomialtaxonomic
76The house wren is also know as Troglodytes aëdon The house wren is also know as Troglodytes aëdon. Its scientific name is ...house wrenTroglodytesaëdonTroglodytes aëdon
77Scientific names are written in what language? EsperantoGreekArabicLatin
78What is the next smallest classification group after Order? SpeciesPhylumClassFamily
79Every living organism has what classification groups as its name? Family and SpeciesKingdom and PhylumPhylum and ClassGenus and Species
80The scientific name of bamboo is Guadua angustifolia The scientific name of bamboo is Guadua angustifolia. What does the term Guadua refers to?The speciesThe kingdomThe classThe genus
81Which of the following pairs is MOST closely related? dog and tapewormtapeworm and bacteriamushroom and treeameba and bacteria
82Organisms in the Kingdom Animalia are: unicellular and autotrophicunicellular and heterotrophicmulticellular and autotrophicmutlicellular and heterotrophic
83Which of the following groups would contain the largest number of organisms? familyclassorderphylum
84A scientific name contains information about its: class and familyphylum and orderfamily and speciesgenus and species
85Complete the sentence with the correct word. Darwin saw that the Galapagos tortoises are a good example of ___.asexual reproductionomnivorous animalssurvivalnatural selection
86Complete the sentence with the correct word. All living things can pass on ___ through reproduction.a nice momentspermbacteriagenetic information
87Complete the sentence with the correct word. Scientists place things in ___, called taxa, based on their structures.museumsphilakingdomscategories
88Complete the sentence with the correct word. If the baby of two creatures can grow up, and reproduce again, they all belong to the same ___.familygenusspeciesall of the above
89Complete the sentence with the correct word. Early naturalists used their “gutt feelings” in an attempt to create ___ that classified species wrongly.dichotomous keysa binomial systemcladogramsphenograms
90Choose the option that best describes the image A taxonomic treeA cladogramA phenogramA binomial system
91In this phylogenetic tree, the purple section represents all living things. What taxa would the light blue section represent?The kingdomsThe philaThe classesThe orders
92In this phylogenetic tree there’s an error. Which group is misplaced? The mammalsThe fishesThe rodentsThe primates
93Choose the option that best describes the image Behavioural databaseGel electrophoresisbiochemical classificationmorphological classification
94Vertebrates and invertebrates In this phylogenetic tree, the light blue section represents the five kingdoms. Red is animals, orange is plants, etc. What are the two red branches?Monera and protistaVertebrates and invertebratesFossils and aliveMammals and aves
95According to this phylogenetic tree, which have the closest common ancestor? Starfish and wormsSnail and insectsWhales and roundwormsSponges and jellyfish
96What can you deduct from this diagram? It’s a dichotomous keySharks are invertebratesMammals come from fishAll mammals have placenta
97What can you deduct from this diagram? The protists don’t fitThe phylum is in the wrong placeThere’s one taxon missingGenus and species appear inverted
98Choose the option that best describes the image All the kingdomsThe chordata phylumA PhenogramA cladogram
99What does this picture show? Mammals come from birdsAmphibians come from reptilesAll the kingdomsBirds come from fish
100In this phylogenetic tree, the light blue section represents the five kingdoms. Red is animals, orange is plants, yellow is protista, green is monera. What would the lightest blue branch represent?Multi-celledSingle-celledBacteriaFungi