Presentation on theme: "Arturo Valderruten Colegio La Arboleda 9th grade."— Presentation transcript:
Arturo Valderruten Colegio La Arboleda 9th grade
Animals can be invertebrates and vertebrates, single-celled and multicellular, their cells lack walls, and they break down glucose through respiration. Find the mistake and click on it!
Plants are multicellular organisms. Their cells are protected by walls that allow them to grow bigger. They make their own food through photosynthesis, so they don’t need to respire.
Fungi is the plural of fungus. In this kingdom, cells have walls. They obtain energy through photosynthesis and the break down of other organic materials.
Protists are single-celled organisms that may look like animals, such as paramecium and protozoans. Others look like plants, for example algae and amoeba. There are also fungi-like protists.
Monera is the order of bacteria (singular = bacterium). Some photosynthesize while others respire. Their nucleus doesn’t have a nuclear membrane.
The binomial nomenclature is a two part naming system is that consists of family and species.
The binomial nomenclature for all humans is Homo Sapiens.
The binomial nomenclature was created by Charles Darwin.
The kingdom Mammalia refers to all animals that give birth to their offspring and feeds them with milk.
These two cats look very similar. They probably belong to the same species.
Scientists classify things into three main groups: it’s alive, it’s dead, and will live.
Living things are objects that can pass on genetic information through respiration.
Charles Darwin came up with the theory of evolution when he was exploring the South American rainforest.
If a group of animals can successfully reproduce among each other, they belong to the same species. True False
The dna sequences of two species of sharks would be more similar than the DNA sequences of a shark and a dolphin. TrueFalse
the correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species is: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. True False
Scientists use the gel electrophoresis technique to identify DNA similarities among organisms in order to classify them. True False
The organism at the base of a phylogenetic tree is the common ancestor of all organisms depicted in the tree. True False
Phylogenic trees depict presumed evolutionary relationships based on a variety of types of evidence. True False
Bacteria is plural and its singular is bacterium. True False
The scientific name of an organism is the same for scientists all over the world. True False
The organism Quercus phellos is a member of the genus Quercus. True False
The binomial system was established by Carl Linnaeus. True False
The Asian and African elephants probably belong to the same... Genus Species
The phylum Chordata means with a spinal chord and vertebrae. TrueFalse
Animal cells can have a flagellum. True False
Animal cells don’t have a cell wall. True False
Plants can carry out respiration and photosynthesis. True False
Fungi is the kingdom of organisms that break down other organic material to obtain energy. True False
Monera is the kingdom of single-celled organisms that lack a nuclear envelope. True False
Two animals copulate, but their offspring is always aborted or sterile. The fact that they can copulate shows that they are members of the same species. True False
Protista is the kingdom of bacteria. True False
All bacteria can photosynthesize. True False
Some fungi can photosynthesize. True False
Animal cells have a cell wall made of cellulose. True False
Mammalia is the kingdom in which animals give birth to their offspring and feed them with milk. True False
The technique used to identify DNA similarities among organisms is called DNA chromatography. True False
the correct order of the biological hierarchy between kingdom and species is: family, class, order, phylum, genus. True False
the plural of phylum is phylums. True False
two organisms in the same class but different orders will be in different phyla. True False
Which of the following is the least inclusive classification group? Genus Family Phylum Kingdom
How do you call multicellular organisms that respire, their cells lack a wall, and might have bones? Animals Protozoans Monerans Fungi
Photosynthesis can be carried out by... Plants and some monerans Animals and fungi Only monerans Only plants
What kingdoms show cell walls? Plants, monerans and fungi Only monerans Animals and fungi Plants and monerans
Complete the sentence with the correct word. eukaryotic heterotrophic autotrophic prokaryotic Q: What do plants and animals have in common? A: Both are ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. Genus / species Order / family Class / genus Kingdom / phylum Every living organism has what classification groups as its name? ___ and ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. species order class phylum The smallest classification group is the ___.
Complete the taxa with the correct word. Family Chordata Mammalia Insecta Kingdom – Phylum – Class – Order - ___ - Genus - Species.
Which taxon mammals don’t belong to? Chordata Carnivora Animalia Vertebrates
What kingdoms lack cell walls? Plants and animals Animals and protista Monerans and fungi Plants and monerans
How do you call multicellular organisms whose cells are bounded by a cellulose wall? Monerans Plants Fungi Animals
Complete the sentence with the correct word. order family class genus A group of closely related genera is called ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. family order genus phylum This insect belongs to the ___ choleoptera.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. families classes genera orders kingdoms are divided into phyla, and a phylum is divided into ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. Aristotle Linneaus Plato Darwin The current classification system was devised by ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. taxonomic tree dichotomous key cladistic chart phenogram A ___ allows scientists to identify different insect orders.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. dichotomous key fossil cladogram gel electrophoresis A ___ allows scientists to classify extinct organisms.
A dichotomous key is used to: interbreed species divide a kingdom identify an organism locate an organism
What kingdoms can do both photosynthesis and respiration? Plants, protista and animals Monerans, plants and fungi Plants, monerans and protista Plants, animals and monerans
How do you call single celled organisms that can photosinthesize or respire? (Their nucleus lacks a membrane, but their cells have a protective wall) Protozoans Fungi Monerans Plants
It’s the kingdom of bacteria: Fungi Protista Monera Plants
It’s the genus of a cat: Panthera Leo Felis Mammalia
It’s the phylum of a man: Animalia Hominidae Chordata Primata
What is the smallest classification group? Order Family Species Genus
Which of the following scientists developed the system of classifying organisms by assigning them a genus and species name? Leakey Aristole Linnaeus Mendel
The red maple is also know as Acer rubrum. Its species is _____. red maple Acer rubrum Acer rubrum
Complete the sentence with the correct word. from the latin alphabet Upper case low case “S” The first letter of every species name is ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. identification classification taxonomy speciation The science of classifying living things is called____.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. class species kingdom family If two organisms are in the same phylum, they must also be in the same ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. phenogram dichotomous key cladistic chart scientific name A ___ shows different specimens organized with evolutionary criteria.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. order family species genus The lowest hierarchy level in biological classification is the ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. Fungi Plantae Protista Monera Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. class phylum species kingdom The only taxon in which the biological characteristics are clearly identifiable is the ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. hierarchical ordered binomial taxonomic Scientific names are ___ because they consist of two words.
The house wren is also know as Troglodytes aëdon. Its scientific name is... house wren Troglodytes aëdon Troglodytes aëdon
Scientific names are written in what language? Esperanto Greek Arabic Latin
What is the next smallest classification group after Order? Species Phylum Class Family
Every living organism has what classification groups as its name? Family and Species Kingdom and Phylum Phylum and Class Genus and Species
The scientific name of bamboo is Guadua angustifolia. What does the term Guadua refers to? The species The kingdom The class The genus
Which of the following pairs is MOST closely related? dog and tapeworm tapeworm and bacteria mushroom and tree ameba and bacteria
Organisms in the Kingdom Animalia are: unicellular and autotrophic unicellular and heterotrophic multicellular and autotrophic mutlicellular and heterotrophic
Which of the following groups would contain the largest number of organisms? family class order phylum
A scientific name contains information about its: class and family phylum and order family and species genus and species
Complete the sentence with the correct word. asexual reproduction omnivorous animals survival natural selection Darwin saw that the Galapagos tortoises are a good example of ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. a nice moment sperm bacteria genetic information All living things can pass on ___ through reproduction.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. museums phila kingdoms categories Scientists place things in ___, called taxa, based on their structures.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. family genus species all of the above If the baby of two creatures can grow up, and reproduce again, they all belong to the same ___.
Complete the sentence with the correct word. dichotomous keys a binomial system cladograms phenograms Early naturalists used their “gutt feelings” in an attempt to create ___ that classified species wrongly.
A taxonomic tree A cladogram A phenogram A binomial system Choose the option that best describes the image
The kingdoms The phila The classes The orders In this phylogenetic tree, the purple section represents all living things. What taxa would the light blue section represent?
The mammals The fishes The rodents The primates In this phylogenetic tree there’s an error. Which group is misplaced?
Behavioural database Gel electrophoresis biochemical classification morphological classification Choose the option that best describes the image
Monera and protista Vertebrates and invertebrates Fossils and alive Mammals and aves In this phylogenetic tree, the light blue section represents the five kingdoms. Red is animals, orange is plants, etc. What are the two red branches?
According to this phylogenetic tree, which have the closest common ancestor? Starfish and worms Snail and insects Whales and roundworms Sponges and jellyfish
It’s a dichotomous key Sharks are invertebrates Mammals come from fish All mammals have placenta What can you deduct from this diagram?
The protists don’t fit The phylum is in the wrong place There’s one taxon missing Genus and species appear inverted
All the kingdoms The chordata phylum A Phenogram A cladogram Choose the option that best describes the image
Mammals come from birds Amphibians come from reptiles All the kingdoms Birds come from fish What does this picture show?
Multi-celled Single-celled Bacteria Fungi In this phylogenetic tree, the light blue section represents the five kingdoms. Red is animals, orange is plants, yellow is protista, green is monera. What would the lightest blue branch represent?