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Is a chicken really a chicken? Is a bird really a bird? What does this all mean???

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Presentation on theme: "Is a chicken really a chicken? Is a bird really a bird? What does this all mean???"— Presentation transcript:

1 Is a chicken really a chicken? Is a bird really a bird? What does this all mean???

2 A chicken can really be a chicken. Also, a chicken can be a symbol within story about a chicken’s life. The narrative could tell about the conflicts this bird may have with other chicken, the antagonistic rooster, the oppressive farmer, and the interactions this bird has with the other animals on the farm. A chicken can be changed into an allegory.

3 Allegory Definition Allegory is a figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events. It can tell a story with a purpose of teaching an idea and a principle or explaining an idea or a principle. The objective of its use is to preach some kind of a moral lesson. Difference between Allegory and Symbolism An allegory is a complete narrative which involves characters, and events that stand for an abstract idea or an event.narrative A symbol, on the other hand, is an object that stands for another object giving it a particular meaning. Unlike allegory, symbolism does not tell a story.symbolism

4 Allegory in Animal Farm Here are some specific examples: All animals are equal but a few are more equal than others. (society) Pigs represent people in power. Mr. Jones is symbolic of Tsar Nicholas II, who was overthrown. Boxer represents the working class. Old Major's dream symbolizes the Communist Manifesto. Squealer represents Propaganda. Moses stands for the Russian Orthodox Church. Mollie represents the bourgeoisie. Benjamin stands for intellectuals.

5 Aesop's Fables Examples of allegory are abound in literature. In fact, you no doubt have already read many. Examples of allegory

6 Allegory in Movies Here are some examples: The Seventh Seal - Shows the relationship between man and religion. Avatar - Pandora Woods represent the Amazon rainforest. The Wizard of Oz - The lion represents cowardice. The scarecrow stands for the agrarian past and the tin man the technological future. Blade Runner - Represents the relationship between mankind and technology. Fight Club - Deals with consumerism, conformity and nonconformity. Network - Represents mass media controlling people. Wall-E - An allegory to save the Earth.

7 Allegory in Music Here are some examples: I Used to Love H.E.R. Common's song "I Used to Love H.E.R." appears to be about a woman the man was once in love with, but it is actually an allegory about the way hip hop has changed. He says that he met "this girl, when I was 10 years old" and he loved her because she had a lot of soul and was "old school." He talks about how she changes over the years and loses herself, but he wants to take her back and make her what she was again. At the end, he confirms the song is about hip hop by naming his "lady.“ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C99iG4HoO1c

8 Lyrics I Used to Love H.E.R. I met this girl, when I was ten years old And what I loved most she had so much soul She was old school, when I was just a shorty Never knew throughout my life she would be there for me on the regular, not a church girl she was secular Not about the money, no studs was mic checkin her But I respected her, she hit me in the heart But she was there for me, and I was there for her Pull out a chair for her, turn on the air for her And she was fun then, I'd be geeked when she'd come around Slim was fresh yo, when she was underground Original, pure untampered and down sister Boy I tell ya, I miss her I might've failed to mention that she as creative But once the man got you well he altered the native Told her if she got an energetic gimmick That she could make money, and she did it like a dummy Now I see her in commercials, she's universal She used to only swing it with the inner-city circle Now she be in the burbs lickin rock and dressin hip And on some dumb stuff, when she comes to the city Talkin about poppin glocks servin rocks and hittin switches Now she's a gangsta rollin with gangstas Always smokin blunts and gettin drunk Tellin me sad stories, Stressin how hardcore and real she is She was really the realest, before she got into showbiz I see people slammin her, and takin her to the sewer But I'ma take her back hopin that it’ll stop Cause who I'm talkin bout y'all is hip-hop

9 Another Example of Allegory in Music Kanye’s “Homecoming” uses a woman as an allegory for his city. "Homecoming" serves as a tribute to West's hometown of Chicago, Illinois. By using an extended metaphor that personifies the city as a childhood sweetheart named Windy, West rhymes about his love for Chicago and his guilt over leaving "her" to pursue his musical dream. West's opening and closing lines lyrically reference "I Used to Love H.E.R.," a similar metaphoric hip-hop song written by his close friend, label-mate, and fellow Chicagoan rapper Common.ChicagoIllinoisextended metaphorI Used to Love H.E.R.Common https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EHIz_80qCAM

10 HOMEWORK:  Ask your parent/guardian to tell you a name of a song, poem, rap, or film that is an allegory.  Make sure you explain the meaning of allegory. Give examples, too.  Type an eight-sentence essay of what you learned about allegory. Explain how allegory appears in art and popular media.  Incorporate the title of the song, poem, or film that your parent/guardian told you about. Explain the allegorical elements in it.  Be prepared to share with your peers aloud  Due: Friday.

11 An allegory is a literary device in which characters and events represent abstractions. An allegory could represent political systems, religious concepts, or philosophical constructs, but it might represent that abstract idea with a farm full of pigs and horses.

12 So what does George Orwell’s Animal Farm have to do with allegory? Everything.

13 Political allegory is George Orwell’s Animal Farm, which uses, yes, a farm full of animals to depict and critique the situation in 1940s Russia. “Animal Farm was the first book in which I tried, with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole,” Orwell later wrote.

14 Where is the United States? Mexico? Brazil? Caribbean? Nigeria? Egypt? England? Soviet Union? Arctic? Antarctica? Japan? India? Philippines? Where will you travel? WHERE ARE WE?

15 Joseph Stalin Stalin was a leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in In November 1927, Joseph Stalin wanted to transform the Soviet Union as quickly as possible, without regard to cost, into an industrialized and completely socialist state. His aims were to erase all traces of the capitalism. The First Five-Year Plan also called for transforming Soviet agriculture from predominantly individual farms into a system of large state collective farms. The Communist regime believed that collectivization would improve agricultural productivity and would produce grain reserves sufficiently large to feed the growing urban labor force.

16 Joseph Stalin was politically active at an early age. Prior to the revolution of 1917, Stalin played an active role in fighting the Russian government. Here he is shown on a 1911 information card from the files of the Russian police in Saint Petersburg A group of participants in the 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party, In the middle are Stalin, Vladimir Lenin, and Mikhail Kalinin.Vladimir LeninMikhail Kalinin

17 Under Joseph Stalin's rule, the concept of "socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society. He replaced the New Economic Policy introduced by the previous Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin that transformed the Soviet from an agrarian society into an industrial power.socialism in one countryNew Economic Policy Stalin's regime moved to force collectivization of agriculture. This was intended to increase agricultural output from large-scale mechanized farms, to bring the peasantry under more direct political control, and to make tax collection more efficient.collectivization Collectivization also meant a drastic drop in living standards for many peasants, and it faced violent reaction among the peasantry. Children are digging up frozen potatoes in the field of a collective farm, 1933

18 Social services Under the Soviet government, people benefited from some social help. Girls were given an adequate, equal education and women had equal rights in employment, improving lives for women and families. Soviet women under Stalin were the first generation of women able to give birth in the safety of a hospital with access to prenatal care. Stalin's policies granted the Soviet people universal access to healthcare and education, effectively creating the first generation free from the fear of typhus, cholera, and malaria. The occurrences of these diseases dropped to record low numbers, increasing life spans by decades.typhuscholeramalaria

19 Cult of personality Numerous towns, villages and cities were renamed after the Soviet leader and the Stalin Prize and Stalin Peace Prize were named in his honor. He accepted grandiloquent titles (e.g., "Coryphaeus of Science," "Father of Nations," "Brilliant Genius of Humanity," "Great Architect of Communism," "Gardener of Human Happiness," and others), and helped rewrite Soviet history to provide himself a more significant role in the revolution of 1917.Stalin PrizeStalin Peace PrizeCoryphaeus Statues of Stalin depict him as tall with a strong build. In photographs, he was between 5 ft 5 in and 5 ft 6 inches. It reached new levels during World War II, with Stalin's name included in the new Soviet national anthem. Stalin became the focus of literature, poetry, music, paintings and film that exhibited fawning devotion. He was sometimes credited with almost god-like qualities, including the suggestion that he single-handedly won the Second World War.Soviet national anthem

20 Religion Raised in the Georgian Orthodox faith, Stalin became an atheist. He followed the position that religion needed to be removed in order to construct the ideal communist society.Georgian Orthodoxatheist His government promoted atheism through special atheistic education in schools, anti-religious propaganda, the antireligious work of public institutions, discriminatory laws, and a terror campaign against religious believers.atheism By the late 1930s it had become dangerous to be publicly associated with religion.

21 Deportations 1941 June deportation in Latvia June deportation However, the economic changes coincided with the imprisonment of millions of people in Soviet correctional labour camps and the deportation of many others to remote areas.Soviet correctional labour campsdeportation Shortly before, during and immediately after World War II, Stalin conducted a series of deportations on a huge. It is estimated that between 1941 and 1949 nearly 3.3 million were deported to Siberia and the Central Asian republics. deportationsSiberia By some estimates, hundreds of thousands of deportees may have died en route.

22 Later, in a period that lasted from 1936 – 39, Stalin instituted a campaign against alleged enemies within his regime called the Great Purge, in which hundreds of thousands were executed.Great Purge Calculating the number of victims Photo from 1943 exhumation of mass grave of Polish officers killed by NKVD in Katyń Forest in Historians have estimated victim totals ranging from approximately 4 million to nearly 10 million, not including those who died in famines, executions, labor camps, and deportations.Katyń

23 Nikolai YezhovNikolai Yezhov, walking with Stalin in the top photo from the 1930s, was killed in Following his execution, Yezhov was edited out of the photo by Soviet censors. Such retouching was a common occurrence during Stalin's rule. Stalin changed history No, literally

24 In August 1939, Stalin entered into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany that divided their influence and territory within Eastern Europe, resulting in their invasion of Poland in September of that year. non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany But Germany later violated the agreement and launched a massive invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.invasion of the Soviet Union Despite heavy human and territorial losses, Soviet forces managed to stop the Nazi invasion. In parts of the Western world, Stalin was seen as a great wartime leader who had led the Soviets to victory against the Nazis. At that point, no one wanted to hear much criticism of socialism or Stalin. Stalin and Hitler allies? Stalin a hero?

25 Stalin’s Marriages and Family Ekaterina "Kato" SvanidzeEkaterina "Kato" Svanidze, Stalin's first wife Stalin and Stalin's second wife Stalin's son Yakov, whom he had with his first wife Ekaterina Svanidze, shot himself because of Stalin's harshness toward him, but survived. After this, Stalin said, "He can't even shoot straight.“ Yakov served in the Red Army during World War II and was captured by the Germans. They offered to exchange him for Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, who had surrendered after Stalingrad, but Stalin turned the offer down, stating, "You have in your hands not only my son Yakov, but millions of my sons. Either you free them all or my son will share their fate.“ Afterwards, Yakov is said to have committed suicide, running into an electric fence in Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was being held.YakovEkaterina SvanidzeFriedrich PaulusSachsenhausen concentration camp Stalin had a son, Vasiliy, and a daughter, Svetlana, with his second wife Nadezhda Alliluyeva. She died in 1932, officially of illness. She may have committed suicide by shooting herself after a quarrel with Stalin.VasiliySvetlanaNadezhda Alliluyeva In 1967, Svetlana defected to the USA.Svetlana

26 WRITING REFLECTION: Why would someone feel the need to write a novel about socialism? What have you learned about life and human behavior? What have you learned about events happening in the past? In what ways do past events shape the present? Deep thoughts…


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