Presentation on theme: " 1. How did political and economic disputes contribute to a movement toward independence in the colonies? 2. What events led the colonies into rebellion?"— Presentation transcript:
1. How did political and economic disputes contribute to a movement toward independence in the colonies? 2. What events led the colonies into rebellion? 3. What roles did various groups of Americans play in the fight for independence? 4. What are the principles of American democracy? 5. How did leadership influence the creation of the new nation?
Objective: We going to analyze the causes and effects of the “French and Indian War.” Why do we call it the French and Indian War. Would all participants have called that?
1754-1763 a.k.a. The Seven Years War is fought around the rest of the globe between France and England.The Seven Years War
England and France competed for ownership of the Ohio River Valley. English settlers were interested in land and the profitable fur trade. The French wanted to protect land connecting Canada and settlements along the Mississippi. The Huron and Algonquin sided with the French while the Iroquois sided with the British.Iroquois
“Hi I’m George Washington! I started the French and Indian War!”
In 1754 George Washington led Virginians in to the Ohio country to build a fort. Washington launched a successful surprise attack then lost Fort Necessity to the French. A British writer noted that he “set the world in flames.”
"The Confidence of the French in this Undertaking seems well-grounded on the present disunited State of the British Colonies, and the extreme Difficulty of bringing so many different Governments and Assemblies to agree in any speedy and effectual Measures for our common defense and Security; while our Enemies have the very great Advantage of being under one Direction, with one Council, and one Purse...."
Ben Franklin called for The Albany Plan of Union to create “one general government” to protect the colonies at the Albany Congress. (None of the colonies supported this idea.)
The British lost at Fort Dunsque, Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry. In 1757 William Pitt took over command for the British. The British captured Fort Dunsque and renamed it “Fort Pitt.” They later captured Quebec in a daring battle on the Planes of Abraham.Fort DunsqueFort William Henry Quebec Planes of Abraham.
The conflict ended with Spain ceding Florida to the British, while receiving all French land west of the Mississippi. Britain gained all French land east of the Mississippi except New Orleans. Before the French and Indian WarAfter the French and Indian War
Who fired the first shots of the French Indian War? Who were the major participants in the conflict? What were they fighting over? Was it worth it? Why was the Albany Plan of Union important? Was the French and Indian War necessary? Could it have been avoided? Was the Treaty of Paris fair?
English settlers tried to claim all land they won in the Treaty of Paris. Native Americans resisted the loss of their lands and fought back in Pontiac’s War. The Proclamation of 1763 stated that no British subjects could settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. Pontiac’s War.
Was the Proclamation of 1763 fair? Who would agree or disagree with it? Why did Pontiac disagree with the Treaty of Paris? How is England going to pay for all this war? How do we pay for war in modern America?
Year-TaxResult Sugar Act 1764Lowered taxes on molasses but enforced payment Stamp Act of 1765Imposed taxes on legal documents, newspapers etc. The Townshend ActsTaxed glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea…Writs of Assistance allowed soldiers to inspect a ship’s cargo without a reason. Quartering ActBritish soldiers must be housed
Colonists formed the Sons and Daughters of Liberty to boycott British goods. They wrote petitions, hanged straw effigies, tarred and feathered tax collectors.tarred and feathered tax collectors. “No Taxation without Representation!”
What do you see in this image? How does it depict the British soldiers?
As a result of the “Boston Massacre” or the Incident on King Street the soldiers were arrested and tried in court. John Adams defended them and they were branded on their hands. As a result committees of correspondence were created to better organize protests.“Boston Massacre”tried in court
Who led a war against the settlers in the Ohio Valley? What did the Proclamation of 1763 forbid? What did the British tax? Why did they impose these taxes? How did the colonists protest the taxes? Explain: “No taxation without representation.” How did Paul Revere depict the Boston Massacre? Could this be considered propaganda?
In order to protest a tax on tea and the Tea Act of 1773 the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawks and threw 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. This was later called the “Boston Tea Party.”Tea Act of 1773 “Boston Tea Party.”
This iconic 1846 lithograph by Nathaniel Currier was entitled "The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor"; the phrase "Boston Tea Party" had not yet become standard. Contrary to Currier's depiction, few of the men dumping the tea were actually disguised as Indians
Was the tea party a good idea? What could be the consequenc es?
How does this cartoon depict the Edenton Tea Party?… a group of women who organized a boycott of English tea. Who’s perspective is this?
What can we tell about the geography of the city of Boston?
To punish Massachusetts Parliament: Shut down the port of Boston Forbade Massachusetts to hold town meetings Moved trials to England Passed the Quartering Act Passed the Quebec Act
What did the Tea Act of 1773 lead to… Why did it anger the colonists? Which was the worst of the “Intolerable Acts?” What did the first Continental Congress do? Was this wise? What were “the shots heard round the world?” Was war with England inevitable?