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Get the joke... Which word fits in above? Joint Stock CompaniesHispaniola SerfdomHacienda Mercantilism.

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Presentation on theme: "Get the joke... Which word fits in above? Joint Stock CompaniesHispaniola SerfdomHacienda Mercantilism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Get the joke... Which word fits in above? Joint Stock CompaniesHispaniola SerfdomHacienda Mercantilism

2 Type of ship and admiral associated with them from acorn (4 answers) Junk Zhenge He Caravel Columbus or Vasco De Gama

3 _____________development of a school for navigation led to increased travel to and trade with West Africa and resulted in the construction of a global __________ ______________ empire. Portuguese trading post

4 The title to this is _____________ Colonial Possessions Dutch

5 What is the title of this slide/illustration? Mercantilism

6 These events are out of order: write their letter in order (a) Protestant Reformation (b) Ottomans capture Constantinople (c) Mansa Musa of Mali, a Muslim, goes to Mecca (d) Revolution in Haiti (slaves pwn ) (e) Vasco de Gama appears in Calicut, India (C), (B), (E), (A) (D) To score: a point for each one in the correct place eg if you have Haiti in 5 th place, even if the rest are wrong you get a point

7 The _______ is the sacred law of the Muslims. S h a r i a

8 a Spanish and Portuguese term used in 17th and 18th centuries mainly in Spanish America to describe as a whole the mixed-race people which appeared in the post-Conquest period. Castas

9 Figure 4: World ____________flows, data from Frank 1998Frank 1998 SILVER

10 (a) The map to the right is of the Thirty Years War which was in part a conflict over religion, following the ____________ Reformation. (b) Catholic areas are shown in what color? (c) Lutheran areas are shown in what color (d) And Calvinist areas are in what color? PROTESTANT Catholic is yellow/orange Choices: purple Red yellow Lutheran is red Calvinist is purple

11 blueDark brownYellowGreenLight brown Which territory is blue? Dark brown? Yellow? Green? Light brown? British Dutch French Portuguese Spanish

12 (A)What Empire is shaded (B)What city is below the yellow rectangle? (C)What sea is covered by the red rectangle? (D)What Ocean is where the purple rectangle is? (A)Songhai (B)Timbuktu (C)Mediterranean (D)Atlantic

13 Vasco de Gama Who is this who said when he arrived in India: “We come in search of Christians and spices,“

14 Name for boats which carried this silver? Manila galleons

15 Tenochtitlan seat of the growing Aztec empire in the 15th Century, until captured by the Spanish in It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and today is the site of Mexico City

16 Who is this, who established the Songhai empire, which became the greatest West African empire under his rule. Sunni Ali

17 If this is a picture of peoples of the Congo, where are the white guys from? Portugual

18 This Map shows the African ___________ Diaspora

19 Hernan Cortes Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the King of Castile, in the early 16th century

20 Montezuma Aztec ruler at the time of Cortes’ arrival in the new world

21 pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles. T a i n o s

22 Mandatory public service in the society of the Inca Empire. It was effectively a form of tribute to the Inca government, in the form of labor Mita

23 White Gold, as British colonists called it, was the engine of the slave trade that brought millions of Africans to the Americas beginning in the early 16th-century. The history of every nation in the Caribbean, much of South America and parts of the Southern United States was forever shaped by ______ plantations started as cash crops by European superpowers. sugar

24 (a) Who do you think made the following quote “The first object which saluted my eyes when I arrived on the coast was the sea, and a slave ship which was then riding at anchor and waiting for its cargo. These filled me with astonishment, which was soon converted into terror when I was carried on board. I was immediately handled and tossed up to see if I were sound by some of the crew, and I was now persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits and that they were going to kill me…” (a) Olaudah Equiano

25 (a) Who is the czar referred to in this quote (b) What is the city? At length, in 1714, finding himself in peaceful possession of his conquests and at the eve of an advantageous peace, the tsar saw with much joy that he should soon be freed from all the obstacles that had opposed the executions of his designs, and particularly the desire he felt to turn his attention to the civilization of his empire. He therefore published a ukase, or ordinance, to hasten the building of his new city. (a) Peter the Great (b)St Petersburg

26 Whose Voyages are depicted? Captain Cook’s

27 The ________mines at Potosí, in what is now Bolivia, were an important source of ________for ___________ trade with China, helping to fuel Europe's rise to economic dominance. FIRST 2 WORDS THE SAME, 3 rd different illustration from Cieza de Leon 1553Cieza de Leon 1553 Silver silver Spain's

28 Creoles descendants of the Portuguese or Spanish settlers who were born and "raised" locally

29 Green Benin Blue: Ghana Red: Asante Associate the colors Green Blue and Red with the states: Your choices are: Ghana, Benin and Asante

30 this is a picture of whom who was a famous abolitionist from Benin whose autobiography of his experience being captured in Africa and sold as a slave gave him much credibility Olaudah Equiano

31 Peninsulares Spanish-born Spaniard or mainland Spaniard residing in the New World, as opposed to a person of full Spanish descent born in the Americas

32 Explorers from which European country crossed the Atlantic in 1534 and reached Canada in search of fish and furs? F r e n c h

33 Deism ___________is the belief that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to determine the existence of a Creator, accompanied with the rejection of revelation and authority as a source of religious knowledge. Associated with the age of Enlightenment.

34 Who is this? Catherine the Great

35 A u d i e n c i a s a court that functioned as an appellate court in Spain and its empire

36 Spanish word for an estate was a system of large land-holdings that were an end in themselves as the marks of status Hacienda

37 M e s t i z o s term that was used in the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire in Latin America to refer to Latin people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry.

38 redDark green Light Green What empire is shown in red? Dark green? Light Green? Safavid Ottoman Mughal

39 F r a n c i s c o P i z a r r o Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Incan Empire and founder of Lima, the modern-day capital of Peru

40 Influenced by mercantilism, ___________________ were new methods used by European rulers to control their domestic and colonial economies and by European merchants to compete against each other in global trade. joint-stock companies

41 Treaty of Tordesillas The ____________, signed on 7 June 1494 and authenticated atSetubal, Portugal, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Portugal and Spain.

42 English and Dutch tried to control economies through_________ Goal of economic gain to benefit mother country – Goods and services that originated in mother country to colonies and colonial goods to mother country Overall, New World endeavors expanded the mother country’s (France, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, England) economy far beyond the borders, helping to tilt the balance of power in the world toward Europe What economic theory?

43 The ________________was a Charter Company established in 1602, when the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia. It is often considered to have been the first multinational corporation in the world [2] and it was the first company to issue stock. [3] [2] [3] Dutch East India Company

44 American foods (such as potatoes, maize or manioc) became staple crops in various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Cash crops (such as_____________ and ___________) were grown primarily on plantations with coerced labor and were exported mostly to Europe and the Middle East in this period. Sugar and Tobacco

45 _____________ was an Aztec city-state located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Mexico. Founded in 1325, it became the capital of the expanding Mexica Empire in the 15th century, [1] until captured by the Spanish in At its peak, it was the largest cityin the Pre-Colombian Americas. When paired with Mexico, the name is a reference to Mexica, the people of the surrounding Aztec heartland. Eventually became a Viceroyalty of New Spain. [1] Tenochtitlan

46 Isaac Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the scientific revolution.

47 G a l i l e o G a l i l e i His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. He has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy," the "father of modern physics," the "father of science," and "the Father of Modern Science." Eventually he was denounced to the Roman Inquisition early in 1615

48 Captain _______ _______FRS RN (7 November [O.S. 27 October] 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy. He made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands as well as the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand James Cook

49 Spanish Inquisition tribunal established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms

50 VOC is to the Dutch as the _______ ______ ______ ________ is to the British; they are both examples of ____-_____ _______ ___________. British East India Company Joint Stock Trading Companies

51 Volta do Mar (the phrase in Portuguese means literally turn of the sea but also return from the sea) is a navigational technique perfected by portuguese navigators during the portuguese discoveries in the late fifteenth century, using the dependable phenomenon of the great permanent wind wheel, the North Atlantic Gyre.

52 V e r s a i l l e s center of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of French Revolution.

53 Pronunciation guide _________________ were the slave soldiers of the Ottoman Empire between 1389 and These male children were recruited via the _____________, a tax in children levied upon non-Muslim communities, and raised as professional soldiers 2 answers! Janissaries devshirme

54 The Muslim Empire in the early modern era in which a Muslim minority ruled over a Hindu majority The Muslim empire in the early modern era with the largest Christian and Jewish population The branch of Islam followed in the Safavid empire The branch of Islam followed in the Ottoman empire Mughal; Ottoman; Shiite; Sunni

55 In Muslim empires, elite women were secluded in a _____________ where they wielded strong, behind- the-scenes power. HAREM

56 Sikkhism What new religion was founded in this region of India that was a blend of some Hindu & Muslim beliefs?

57 What were the only two cities where Europeans were officially permitted to trade in China in the Early modern era? Macao and Canton (Guangzhou)

58 Joint-Stock Company A ______________is a business entity which is owned by shareholders. Each shareholder owns the portion of the company in proportion to his or her ownership of the company's shares (certificates of ownership). [ [

59 “You, O king, from afar have yearned after the blessings of our civilization, and in your eagerness to come into touch with our influence have sent an embassy across the sea bearing a memorandum. I have already taken note of your respectful spirit of submission, have treated your mission with extreme favor and loaded it with gifts, besides issuing a mandate to you, O king, and honoring you with the bestowal of valuable presents…Yesterday your ambassador petitioned my ministers to memorialize me regarding your trade with [us], but his proposal is not consistent with our dynastic usage and cannot be entertained. Hitherto, all European nations, including your own country’s barbarian merchants, have carried on their trade with out Celestial Empire at Guangzhou (Canton). Such has been the procedure for many years, although our Celestial Empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no product within its own borders. There was therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce. Name of dynasty that sent letter and name of pace it was addressed to Qing Dynasty; the British

60 This map shows the area where the nomads people who swarmed into China and established the Qing dynasty came from. Who are those people? Manchus

61 Who is the man in the black robe on the left? Matteo Ricci

62 What term does this describe? Empires which used their superior military ___________ military technology to dominate over less technologically advanced neighbors. LIST the THREE Muslim empires this describes. GUNPOWDER EMPIRES Ottoman Mughal Safavid

63 powerful territorial lords in Japan during feudal and Tokugawa period who controlled vast, hereditary land holdings. Map of Japan around 1570 Daimyo

64 The arrows depict whose travels to western Europe so he can get some good ideas from the west so he can expand and centralize? Peter the Great

65 This image depicts ____________ who was the first emperor of the Mughal Empire B a b u r

66 Ottoman Suleyman (a) This mosque is from which empire and (b) it is referred to by the name of which magnificent and law-giving caliph?

67 Put these events in order Babur Establishes Mughal dynasty Zhenge He Voyages Taj Mahal built Gupta dynasty British East India Company arrives in India Same scoring rules—1 pt for each in a correct spot Gupta dynasty Z Zhenge He Voyages Babur Establishes Mughal dynasty 1526 British East India Company arrives in India 1608 Taj Mahal built 1632

68 Taj Mahal, Hinduism and Muslim (a) This is a picture of what? and (b) it illustrates the blending of the influence of which two religions?

69 Local officials who collected land revenue from a number of villages which were within his tax collecting area in the Mughal dynasty Zamindars

70 Orange: British Blue: France Pink: Dutch Brown: Portuguese Green: Spanish Write down these colors: Orange, Pink, Brown, Green; Blue Now, identify which country would be associated with them on a key.

71 W h i c h e m p e r o r i s t h i s ? A k b a r

72 The theory and system of political economy prevailing in Europe after the decline of feudalism, based on national policies of accumulating bullion, establishing colonies and a merchant marine, and developing industry and mining to attain a favorable balance of trade. Mercantilism

73 Known to the Japanese as "Southern Barbarians" because they arrived, in 1543, from the south, the __________ (with pantaloons, hats and caricatured noses in a detail from a 17th-century Japanese folding screen) traded in precious goods. Portuguese

74 This lion guards the gate to what that was built during the Ming dynasty? Forbidden city

75 This picture of Dutch and Japanese ships in the early modern era most likely depicts what harbor? Nagasaki

76 Queue What is it that the man is weaning that the Manchu required their male Chinese subjects to wear?

77 (A) What African Kingdom does this descirbe: In early 1400s series of communities form into Kingdom led by Manikongo (King); expansion b/c of trade, alliances and marriage, not war— expeditions by chiefs to expand (b) Which Europeans did they first trade with (a) Congo (b) Portuguese

78 Mughal or Ottoman Mosques


80 What is this?

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