2A new interest in Classical art Caused byA new interest in Classical artThe growth of Trade and CommerceThe influence of Italian City-StatesThe growth of Humanism
3What is the Renaissance? Means “re-birth”Stood for a rebirth of art, culture, and thinking after the middle agesBrought about by a new interest in classical art and writingMuslim scholars and monks preserved artifacts, books from Greece and Rome
4Vocabulary: Classical Describes the art and writing of ancient Greece and RomePlatoAristotlePtolemyEtc.
5Classical Features of Classical art: Attention to lifelike anatomy Figures often draped in fabric or nudeFigures shown in action or motionFaces calm, without emotionDepict everyday life or myths, legendsLittle background or perspectiveColumns, arches, etc.Valued balance and harmony
6Vocabulary: MedievalDescribes art, writing, architecture from the middle ages (Fall of Rome in AD 476 to 1400’s)
7Medieval Features of Medieval art: Most art was religious Important figures were larger than less important onesBackgrounds were one color, usually GoldFigures appear 2-DFaces were serious, showed little feelingBright paint colors
9Vocabulary: Renaissance Describes art, writing, architecture from the Renaissance (1400’s – 1600’s)MichelangeloDonatelloRafaelDaVinci
10Renaissance Features of Renaissance art: Showed religious and non-religious scenesGreat interest in natureLifelike, 3-D figures, lifelike anatomyFigures nude or clothedFaces expressed emotion, thoughtsPaintings were symmetricalFull backgrounds showed perspective
12Pop Quiz!Identify these artworks as Classical, Medieval, or Renaissance, and write two reasons each.231
13The growth of Trade and Commerce Caused byA new interest in Classical artThe growth of Trade and CommerceThe influence of Italian City-StatesThe growth of Humanism
14Money Makes the World Go Round Because of the Crusades, new trade routes were established.Lucky towns like Florence, Venice, and Genoa (in Italy) became wealthy as merchants stopped to trade and stay in inns
15Vocabulary: Commerce The medieval economy was based on bartering. In the Renaissance, wealthy cities began making their own coins, creating commerce, a money economyBankers exchanged coins from different cities and gave people (both rich and poor) loans
16Vocabulary: PatronCraftspeople, merchants, and bankers became IMPORTANT in society.They also became very RICH.With their wealth, they paid artists, architects, sculptors, and garden designers to make their city more beautiful.A person who supports the arts by supplying money is called a patron.
19You guys are so immature. Homework:You guys are so immature.
20Pop Quiz!In Renaissance Italy, who were patrons, and what did they do?
21The influence of Italian City-States Caused byA new interest in Classical artThe growth of Trade and CommerceThe influence of Italian City-StatesThe growth of Humanism
22Vocabulary: State2A state is a politically organized group of people under a single government13
23Village Town City City-State Cities like Florence & Venice began producing their own currency (coins), patrons began sponsoring artistsCities developed into City-States with their own governments.Elected councils and/or rich families
24City-States competed with each other Venice!Florence!Bruges!