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The Origins of the Renaissance. Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States.

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Presentation on theme: "The Origins of the Renaissance. Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Origins of the Renaissance

2 Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States  The growth of Humanism

3 What is the Renaissance? Means “re-birth” Stood for a rebirth of art, culture, and thinking after the middle ages Brought about by a new interest in classical art and writing  Muslim scholars and monks preserved artifacts, books from Greece and Rome

4 Vocabulary: Classical Describes the art and writing of ancient Greece and Rome  Plato  Aristotle  Ptolemy  Etc.

5 Classical Features of Classical art:  Attention to lifelike anatomy Figures often draped in fabric or nude Figures shown in action or motion Faces calm, without emotion  Depict everyday life or myths, legends  Little background or perspective  Columns, arches, etc.  Valued balance and harmony

6 Vocabulary: Medieval Describes art, writing, architecture from the middle ages (Fall of Rome in AD 476 to 1400’s)

7 Medieval Features of Medieval art:  Most art was religious  Important figures were larger than less important ones  Backgrounds were one color, usually Gold  Figures appear 2-D  Faces were serious, showed little feeling  Bright paint colors

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9 Vocabulary: Renaissance Describes art, writing, architecture from the Renaissance (1400’s – 1600’s)  Michelangelo  Donatello  Rafael  DaVinci

10 Renaissance Features of Renaissance art:  Showed religious and non-religious scenes  Great interest in nature  Lifelike, 3-D figures, lifelike anatomy  Figures nude or clothed  Faces expressed emotion, thoughts  Paintings were symmetrical  Full backgrounds showed perspective

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12 Pop Quiz! Identify these artworks as Classical, Medieval, or Renaissance, and write two reasons each.

13 Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States  The growth of Humanism

14 Money Makes the World Go Round Because of the Crusades, new trade routes were established. Lucky towns like Florence, Venice, and Genoa (in Italy) became wealthy as merchants stopped to trade and stay in inns

15 Vocabulary: Commerce The medieval economy was based on bartering. In the Renaissance, wealthy cities began making their own coins, creating commerce, a money economy Bankers exchanged coins from different cities and gave people (both rich and poor) loans

16 Vocabulary: Patron Craftspeople, merchants, and bankers became IMPORTANT in society. They also became very RICH. With their wealth, they paid artists, architects, sculptors, and garden designers to make their city more beautiful. A person who supports the arts by supplying money is called a patron.

17 Vocabulary: City-State

18 Homework:

19 You guys are so immature.

20 Pop Quiz! In Renaissance Italy, who were patrons, and what did they do?

21 Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States  The growth of Humanism

22 Vocabulary: State A state is a politically organized group of people under a single government

23 Village  Town  City  City-State Cities like Florence & Venice began producing their own currency (coins), patrons began sponsoring artists Cities developed into City-States with their own governments.  Elected councils and/or rich families

24 City-States competed with each other

25 Competition meant…. More Art!

26 Caused by  A new interest in Classical art  The growth of Trade and Commerce  The influence of Italian City-States  The growth of Humanism

27 Medieval Thinking The individual is only a tiny part of the system. The individual is not important Religious topics are the only thing worth studying.

28 Vocabulary: Humanism Focused on the rights and dignity of individuals Studied nature, human society

29 Humanists fueled the Renaissance by… Studying classical art, ideas Studying, painting, imitating nature …but some people were burnt at the stake for their ideas….


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