Presentation on theme: " Objective: Learn how Britain defeated France and her native allies. Understand how the conflict led to growing tension between Britain and her colonies."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: Learn how Britain defeated France and her native allies. Understand how the conflict led to growing tension between Britain and her colonies.
Identify characteristics of Spanish Colonies Identify characteristics of English Colonies Identify characteristics of French Colonies
SPAINFRENCH(Dutch)ENGLAND Govt. supports colony Gold & God Plantations Conquer (Conquistadors/ Mestizos) Nominal Govt. support Trade Outposts/Forts Native Alliances Collaborative Private Corporations Settlements Colonies Punitive Conflict No mixing/ separation.destruction
French colonies differed from the English How??? By 1760, New France had grown to 80,000 English colonies had over 1 million! Used the land for economic means Developed a good relationship with the Natives
Fr. Marquette, SJ – 1 st European to explore great lakes and Mississippi 1749, Virginia speculators in Ohio Company claim 500,000 acres in Ohio Valley 1754, George Washington, surveyor, leads 150 Virginia Militiamen to resists French movement on Ohio, esp. For Duquesne Washington loses Fort Necessity
France and Spain frequently ally against Britain France allies with Native Americans, guerrilla style conflict in New World French and Indian War, Note: Acadians
1755 Gen. Braddock, 2,000 men march on Fort Duquesne Mix of colonial militia and Regulars Braddock’s slow moving forces decimated by French and Indian forces, flanking Frontier goes up in flames, Indian raiding parties move uncontested Britian’s invasion of Canada, 1756, fails
1757, Pitt becomes leader in Parliament 1758, Pitt organizes attacks on Montreal & Quebec, Louisbourg 1758 Fort Duquesne falls, renamed Pittsburgh Pitt puts James Wolfe in charge of taking Quebec Montcalm defends Quebec for France 1759 Quebec falls, Wolfe and Montcalm killed Battle for Quebec is one of most significant engagements in British and American history Montreal falls 1760
France thrown off continent entirely Spain given possession of New Orleans and trans-Mississippi Louisiana Spain loses Florida, regains Cuba Great Britain dominant in North America and at sea Friction growing b/w Britain and Colonials Growing smuggling Colonies fail to unite Pontiac’s Rebellion – Increasing tension with N. Americans Cost of War leads to increasing friction with Britain
European Settlements and Indian tribes 1750
Line of Demarcation 1763 inhibits movement west!!! This angers Colonials greatly. 10,000 British troops stationed in colony Quartering of troops angers colonists British troops = $$$$ George Grenville becomes Prime Minister in 1763 Writs of Assistance 1764 Sugar Act Seeds of Rebellion
WHO: Passed by George Grenville, British Prime Minister WHAT: Halved duties on molasses (to discourage smuggling) Created new duties on imports (to raise more $) Smuggling cases now to be heard in British Admiralty Courts, not colonial courts with colonial juries WHEN: 1764 WHERE: British Colonies WHY: Britain needed money to pay her huge debt from the French and Indian War and on-going cost of protecting the Frontier.
CONFLICT IN THE OHIO VALLEY PEACE? 1763
Wash. defeated FL now British Braddock defeated Ft. Duquesne falls Quebec falls CONFLICT IN THE OHIO VALLEY PEACE? 1763 France leaves Am. Montreal falls Pitt takes charge
George Washington French and Indian War William Pitt Pontiac Proclamation of 1763 George Grenville Sugar Act