Presentation on theme: "Korean and Vietnam Wars Mr. Hardy RMS IB Middle School."— Presentation transcript:
Korean and Vietnam Wars Mr. Hardy RMS IB Middle School
READ & LEARN Read pages 397-399 and pages 415-417 in the History Alive textbook. After reading, carefully examine the map on page 401 and answer the following questions. 1)Based on what you have read, explain the term, “proxy war.” Do not look up the meaning. 2)Do you see a pattern in the places cold war conflicts took place? 3)Defend the argument, that the cold war was in reality a hot war. Be sure to fully explain your answer with details and examples !
Korean War Japan controlled the territory throughout World War II- after their defeat – Soviet Union controlled Northern areas – USA under UN controlled Southern Areas 1950 North Korean troops entered South Korea (with Soviet Union’s help) UN Troops fought back all the way to the Chinese border. China entered the war and pushed the UN troops back 1953- cease fire signed creating the DMZ- demilitarized zone
Comparison of the Two Koreas North Korea Once Communist based Government, now totalitarian (totally controlled by the government) Korean Worker’s Party Dicator- Kim Jong Il Economy- Run by the state South Korea Government divided into 3 branches President- 5 year term and head of the govt. Economy- “Production, Exports, and Construction!” Western Influence
Kim Jong Il Dictator of North Korea, 1994-2011 Under his regime, North Korea was charged with many human rights violations – Starvation – Public executions – Slave labor Very secretive society Nuclear program against UN policies created before the Korean War Died in December 2011- Son, Kim Jong Un took over North Korea
USA and North Korean relations Struggle to keep peace and communication open between the nations. See what President Obama has to say about North Korea missile program. – What was President Obama’s warning to North Korea’s government? – How did he describe looking into North Korean territory? – Do you agree that nuclear weapons should not be used?
Vietnam War Controlled by France during Imperialist Era Known as French Indo-China 1954- peace agreement between the French and Vietnamese – Created 2 countries – Communist- North Vietnam – Non-Communist- South Vietnam 1957- Vietnam War breaks out – Battle between the 2 for control of the nations
French Indochina French Indochina war lasts from 1947-1954. French lose to Communist Viet Minh.
French Indochina War BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU – LASTED FOR 56 DAYS. FRENCH SURRENDER TO VIET MINH BRINGS PEACE TREATY AND FRENCH EXIT FROM INDOCHINA.
VIETNAM WAR AMERICAN MILITARY LEARNS NOTHING FROM FRENCH DEFEAT AT DIEN BIEN PHU. U.S. MARINES WILL REPEAT ALMOST THE SAME THING AT THE BATTLE OF KHE SANH IN 1968. FRENCH 1954 AMERICANS 1968
Vietnam War Cont. United States become involved in the early 1960s. 1963- 16,300 U.S. military “advisors.” 1965 – 50,000 U.S. Marines enter South Vietnam 1968 – 536,000 U.S. troops in South Vietnam Why did the U.S. go to war in South Vietnam? The U.S. government felt it had a duty to protect all countries from communism. It was part of the cold war policy of containment. The U.S. government believed if one country fell to communism, so would its neighbors, one after the other. This became known as the “Domino Theory.”
U.S. Involvement In Vietnam U.S. involvement in Vietnam caused massive civil unrest in the United States. Not since the American Civil War, had the country been so divided. There were huge protests and riots around the country in opposition to the war and the draft and the U.S. invasion of Cambodia and the spread of the war into Laos. The draft was forced conscription in to the army.
Opposition to Vietnam War USA citizens divided on whether or not to become involved in the war. Many felt it was not “our place” to become involved. Protests- Kent State Music –OHIO by Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young.
Fall of Vietnam U.S. troops began to turn the defense over to the South Vietnamese military and leave Vietnam. This process of turning over Vietnam to the Vietnamese was called Vietnamization. By 1972, there were only about 24,000 U.S. troops left in Vietnam. 1975- North Vietnam takes full control of the country. Following the Vietnam War, the entire peninsula becomes communist. The Vietnam war had ended in defeat and failure for the United States. Vietnam was a united communist country, and it had cost 58,156 U.S. deaths, and over 400,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong deaths. Approximately 587,000 Vietnamese civilians had been killed. North Vietnamese tank in Saigon.
Optional Comparison Cartoons Each person will be assigned 1 topic to depict in their cartoon The cartoon must be composed of 3 slides that depict your assigned topic. Your cartoons must be colored Must include a caption or quote on each slide.