2 George Washington as President Cabinet ChoicesJohn Adams, Vice - PresidentThomas Jefferson, Secretary of StateAlexander Hamilton, Secretary of the TreasuryHenry Knox, Secretary of War
3 Federalists vs. Republicans Alexander HamiltonWanted strong federal governmentLoose interpretation of ConstitutionSupported by landowners, investors, manufacturersThomas JeffersonStrong state and local governmentsStrict interpretation of the ConstitutionSupported by farmers and tradesmen
4 The John Adams’ Presidency Electoral votes of 1796:Adams (Federalist) 71 electoral votesJefferson (Republican) 68 electoral votes (became VP according to constitution)Many immigrants backed the Republican party and vocal critics of Adams
5 The Alien and Sedition Acts Raised residency requirement from 5 to 14 yearsAllowed president to imprison or deport an alien “dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States”Could impose fines and imprisonment for anyone expressing “false, scandalous, and malicious statements” against the governmentResulted in the prosecution and imprisonment of many Republican editors, publishers, and politiciansAlso brought down the Federalist Party in the election of 1800.
6 The Election of 1800 Republicans: Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr Federalists: John Adams and Charles C. PinckneyJefferson and Burr tie (runner-up to be VP)House of Reps voted 36 times before electing Jefferson presidentResulted in the 12th Amendment (separate tickets for Pres. & VP
7 2nd Approach to painting Analysis ARTISTA= Artifact or AuthorR = ReasonT = To Whom or TypeI = Immediate Consequences or EffectsS = Subsequent ImpactT = Time Period
8 Artist Unknown. The Providential Detection 1797-1800 www. loc Artist Unknown. The Providential Detection
9 Depiction of Thomas Jefferson, “The Providential Detection”
15 Thomas Jefferson kneels before the altar of Gallic despotism He is depicted as about to fling a document labeled "Constitution & Independence U.S.A." into the fire fed by the flames of radical writings.Jefferson is supported by Satan, the writings of Thomas Paine, and the French philosophers.
16 The Revolution of 1800Jefferson viewed the presidential election of 1800, which won him the presidency, as a second American Revolution.That it was not effected by the sword, but by the rational and peaceable instrument of reform, the suffrage of the people.The nation declared it's will by dismissing functionaries of one principle, and electing those of another in the two branches, executive and legislative.(Thomas Jefferson to Spencer Roane, September 6, 1819, Manuscript letter from
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