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Dada Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during World War I. Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during.

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Presentation on theme: "Dada Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during World War I. Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dada Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during World War I. Refers to an international movement that began in Switzerland during World War I. Not an artistic style, but an idea of NIHILISM (“nothingness”). Not an artistic style, but an idea of NIHILISM (“nothingness”).

2 Dada It was started to protest the madness of WAR. It was started to protest the madness of WAR. The term “dada” is a nonsense word. The term “dada” is a nonsense word. Taste for playful and experimental. Taste for playful and experimental.

3 Dada Reaction to destruction from war Reaction to destruction from war Despair and disgust. Despair and disgust. Rejected morality and decency. Rejected morality and decency. lasted for 7 seven years. lasted for 7 seven years. New York version had sarcasm, wit, and humor. New York version had sarcasm, wit, and humor. Leading member was Marcel Duchamp. Leading member was Marcel Duchamp.

4 Marcel Duchamp Marcel Duchamp older brothers were painters. In 1904 he joined his older brother in Paris where he studied art (not a great student).

5 Duchamp A leading member of the Cubist, Dada, and Surrealist movements A leading member of the Cubist, Dada, and Surrealist movements

6 Marcel Duchamp He especially liked wordplay and punning. His influence will help develop surreal and pop art.

7 He was influenced by the multitude of art styles going on at this time in Paris He was influenced by the multitude of art styles going on at this time in Paris – Cezanne, Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism... Cubism... Duchamp

8 He thought that art can be ideas (not just worldly things). He thought that art can be ideas (not just worldly things). “Conceiving a work of art was more important than the finished work.” “Conceiving a work of art was more important than the finished work.” Duchamp

9 Nude Descending a Staircase #2, 1912 cubist inspired technique for depicting movement. cubist inspired technique for depicting movement.

10 Nude Descending a Staircase, 1912 It is made up of abstract lines and plane- breaking up and reconstructing the subject. creates a rhythmic sense of motion.

11 The Passage from Virgin to Bride A highly abstracted figure. He is all about mocking traditional art

12 A readymade is when he takes an object and merely adds a title to it= a work of art

13 Fountain readymade a readymade piece that he declared a work of art created for an avant- garde art exhibit.

14 Conceptual statement that all art is readymade because all artistic material is manufactured (paint, canvas…)

15 Fountain Duchamp entered the artwork under the false name R. Mutt. Duchamp entered the artwork under the false name R. Mutt. the organizers of the exhibit said it was “not art”. the organizers of the exhibit said it was “not art”. …all about the shock value …all about the shock value

16 LHOOQ, 1919 A visual and verbal pun. Mysterious title – Could mean “Look” or “she has a hot ass” Penciled a beard and mustache onto a postcard of the Mona Lisa.

17 LHOOQ, 1919 Example of rebellion. Some call this disrespectful. Creation or Destruction? It became the icon of the Dada movement.

18 Rotary Demisphere This machine made in 1919 creates an illusion of simultaneous rotation in opposite directions. This machine made in 1919 creates an illusion of simultaneous rotation in opposite directions.

19 Large Glass 109 " x 69 “ Oil, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and dust on two glass panels; " x 69 “ Oil, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and dust on two glass panels; 1920 Also called The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors Also called The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors Depicts the dramatic meeting of a bride and her nine suitors Depicts the dramatic meeting of a bride and her nine suitors

20 Duchamp’s Legacy Paved the way for a new kind of art. Paved the way for a new kind of art. The new art embraces the imagination, intellect, and humor. The new art embraces the imagination, intellect, and humor. It strives to depict invisible worlds, not just visible ones. It strives to depict invisible worlds, not just visible ones. A forefather of modern art. A forefather of modern art.

21 Man Ray, American painter, sculptor, photographer (spent most of his life in Paris). American painter, sculptor, photographer (spent most of his life in Paris). Successful in portraiture and commercial work. His work was featured in popular magazines

22 Man Ray Picasso and Dali were among his colleagues. Picasso and Dali were among his colleagues. A member of the Dada art movement A member of the Dada art movement – Word play – Play with images/objects – Readymades

23 Man Ray Indestructible Object (or Object to Be Destroyed), 1923 ready-made ready-made attached a photograph of an eye attached a photograph of an eye transition state between looking and being looked at and actual motion is in this piece. transition state between looking and being looked at and actual motion is in this piece.

24 combines Dada wordplay with Surrealist imagery. The nude recalls Ingres, title refers to Ingres’s hobby of playing the violin. combines Dada wordplay with Surrealist imagery. The nude recalls Ingres, title refers to Ingres’s hobby of playing the violin. similarity between the nude’s back and the shape of a violin. similarity between the nude’s back and the shape of a violin. shows the dreamlike imagery of Surrealism. shows the dreamlike imagery of Surrealism. Man Ray Le Violon d’Ingres, 1924

25 Man Ray Le Violon d’Ingres, 1924

26 Les Larmes (Tears) Noire et Blanche

27 ART constantly evolves ART constantly evolves. ORIGINAL Since the earliest times, there has been a constant search for new ORIGINAL forms of expression.

28 shocked mainstream A style of art that shocked viewers of one generation becomes a part of the mainstream as another shocking style makes its appearance.

29 Surrealism subconsciousmind Surrealism : a style in which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the artwork logically comprehensible.

30 Surrealism Surrealism Founded by Andre Breton in 1924, primarily European movement. – attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement. – Popular during the s 1920 & 1930s

31 SURREALISM was an art movement that found ideas in the Subconscious Subconscious : Dreams, memories, feelings

32 SURREALISM Means to go beyond realism To create without conscious control

33 Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud was becoming popular with his new ideas about dream analysis

34 Hieronymus BOSCH 1400s, about 450 years before the surrealists The “patron saint” of surrealism

35 35 Salvador Dalí Spanish painter frequent conflicts with his art teachers. He made “ hand- painted dream photographs ” He was a huge self promoter

36 Dali Gala his wife Gala was his muse and inspiration. Joins a group of Surrealists in He moved to the US in 1940 he wrote many books including The secret life of Salvador Dalí.

37 He painted with meticulous realism and detail. Note the similarities to work from the Italian Renaissance 400 years earlier

38 Dali Dali often uses religious images

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40 The Persistence of Memory, 1931

41 The use of clocks describe how meaningless time is. The gold pocket watch on the left is actually being eaten away by ants. Dalí often uses ants or insects to show deterioration in a work Dali

42 Daddy Longlegs of the Evening-Hope, 1940

43 In the tope of the painting a winged victory is born with only one wing. A limp plane appears to ooze from the cannon on the right while a horse, a mode of ground transportation soars out.

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46 The Ecumenical Council, 1960 a tribute to Pope John XXIII whom he admired for reforming the Church. Velasquez Dalí paints himself, in a Velasquez -like pose, as a tribute to the Spanish Master. Gala He paints his wife Gala as St. Helena to show her unwavering support of him.

47 Miro A Spanish artist who paints surrealistic, whimsical, childlike dreams Biomorphic Simplified images

48 Miro Surrealism Influences were Fauvism, Cubism, but mainly Surrealism reminiscent of childhood his works were often reminiscent of childhood bright colors His works used bright colors and shapes

49 Harlequin’s Carnival Image of a circus Seems closed in- adds to the effect of the objects being products of one’s imagination Miro Influences were Fauvism and Cubism, but mainly Surrealism

50 Miro Depicts a colorful dog alone in a simple setting at night The most surreal form is the unsupported ladder that appears to go nowhere… Dog Barking at the Moon, 1926

51 Rene Magritte Surrealist. a Belgian Surrealist. well known for a witty and amusing images. His art career began in Son of Man,1964

52 Rene Magritte “ The Betrayal of Images”, 1928

53 Rene Magritte Surrealist a Belgian Surrealist well known for a witty and amusing images. His art career began in 1910.

54 Rene Magritte The False Mirror, 1928

55 Rene Magritte Time Transfixed, 1938 He juxtaposed two familiar objects in order to create an unfamiliar effect.

56 Rene Magritte

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58 Alexander Calder “Sandy” Calder was one of the most famous American sculptors of the 20 th century.

59 Calder He was born into a family of artists. He started out working as an illustrator and an engineer.

60 Calder He spent several years early in his life in Paris creating miniature circus figures.

61 Calder He was a master at creating organic wire sculptures. They are like 3D contour drawings.

62 Calder His work is whimsical and fun

63 Calder He began working on MOBILES in 1931.

64 Calder A MOBILE is a KINETIC sculpture. It suspends from above and slowly and gracefully moves on air currents.

65 Calder A Staybile is a KINETIC sculpture. It is anchored to a base and slowly and gracefully moves on air currents.

66 Calder

67 Grant Wood He rejects Abstract expressionism He rejects Abstract expressionism Realist American art movement Realist American art movement depict the rural aspect of American life depict the rural aspect of American life prominent during the Great Depression, when it aimed to reassure images of the American Heartland prominent during the Great Depression, when it aimed to reassure images of the American Heartland

68 Grant Wood His masterpiece- one of the most recognizable works of art from the 20 th century His masterpiece- one of the most recognizable works of art from the 20 th century The figures are actually his sister and dentist The figures are actually his sister and dentist Gothic influence- strong verticals of pitchfork and pointed arch window Gothic influence- strong verticals of pitchfork and pointed arch window attention to detail shows influence of Van Eyck attention to detail shows influence of Van Eyck American Gothic

69 Grant Wood American Gothic, 1930 Jan van Eyck, 1400s

70 Paul Revere’s Midnight Ride depicts the scene in a 20 th century town in Iowa, instead of 18 th Century Mass. depicts the scene in a 20 th century town in Iowa, instead of 18 th Century Mass. Dramatic- otherworldly Dramatic- otherworldly Grant Wood

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72 Edward Hopper His style is a synthesis of Regionalism and Social Realism His style is a synthesis of Regionalism and Social Realism Known for ominous realistic portrayals of solitude in contemporary American life Known for ominous realistic portrayals of solitude in contemporary American life Nighthawks,1942

73 Edward Hopper His style is a synthesis of Regionalism and Social Realism His style is a synthesis of Regionalism and Social Realism Known for ominous realistic portrayals of solitude in contemporary American life Known for ominous realistic portrayals of solitude in contemporary American life Automat, 1927 Degas

74 Edward Hopper dim light create a sense of isolation and loneliness. dim light create a sense of isolation and loneliness. Gas, 1940

75 Edward Hopper


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