Presentation on theme: "Source: GUNFIRE-REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY = GUNFIRE-LOCATION TECHNOLOGY E.G. SHOTSPOTTER NAME DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION."— Presentation transcript:
Source: GUNFIRE-REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY = GUNFIRE-LOCATION TECHNOLOGY E.G. SHOTSPOTTER NAME DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION
WHY DO WE NEED THE NEW TECHNOLOGY? THE PROBLEM OF RANDOM GUNFIRE Random gunfire problems are distinguishable from other types of shooting incidents random gunfire is strictly an outdoor activity; it is not usually part of other criminal activity such as drug dealing, assaults, or robberies; and random gunfire shooters do not fire their weapons to intentionally injure or kill people (Mazerolle, 1999).
GUNFIRE REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES 1. BEFORE GIS locate the location of gunfire TDOA (based on reported gunfire accidents) CAD-like system translate the information to a visual display of the location (Foster, 2005) 2. NOW ShotSpotter acoustics-based GPS-equipped system automatically locates the origin of gunfire notifies authorities
GUNFIRE LOCATION TECHNOLOGY SHOTSPOTTER A problem-solving tool to reduce random gunfire (Watkins, 2002) Was implemented in Redwood City in 1997 Identifies the location and time of gunfire through a series of acoustic sensor modules Gunshot events are displayed on a computer map in the police dispatch center within approximately 15 seconds of the noise being made
HOW SHOTSPOTTER WORKS 1. When a gun fires, the sound is picked up by acoustic sensors that triangulate the origin of the sound. 2. Police dispatches and patrol officers in squad cars receive GPA data pinpointing the location and a recording of the sounds. 3. Police respond to the scene. Source:
HOW SHOTSPOTTER WORKS CONT. Sound speed meters per second (0.21 miles per second) Time Difference on Arrival TDOA Acoustic sensors with GPS Application for triangulation
STRENGTHS Accurate location (as close as a few feet) Fast detection Provides additional data (like caliber of a gun and direction of shooting) that was not previously available Optimizes the ways in which officers approach homicide investigations Increases officer safety Equips law enforcement agencies with better crime data
WEAKNESSES Cost: ShotSpotter Flex costs $40-60,000 a year per square mile (Source: If the shots are fired inside of a building with windows and doors closed, sensors might not detect it (Probert, 2011); False response: criminals can trigger false response to keep police busy in order to commit a crime in another location where time is critical (for example, bank robbery).
POSITIVE RESULTS OF USING SHOTSPOTTER (ACCORDING TO CBS NEWS) In Minneapolis Killings 23% Robberies 20% Attacks 10% Source: CBS news In Saginaw ( Shootings & Homicides) Source:
REFERENCES Foster, R. (2005).Police technology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Kurlyandchik, M. (2011, June) How ShotSpotter and New Technologies Help Police Fight Crime. Hour Detroit. Retrieved on March 15, 2012 from ?pageid=6273&url=%2FHour-Detroit%2FJune-2011%2FHow-ShotSpotter-Facebook-and-Technology- Help-Police-Fight-Crime%2F&mode=print Mazerolle, L.G., Watkins, C., Rogan, D., Frank, J. (1999, December)Random Gunfire Problems and Gunshot Detection Systems. Research in Brief. Retrieved on March 14, 2012 from https://www.ncjrs.gov/txtfiles1/nij/ txt https://www.ncjrs.gov/txtfiles1/nij/ txt Probert, C. (2011, December 28). Gunshot location service coming to Quincy. Columbia Basin Herald. Retrieved on March 14, 2012 from 0019bb2963f4.html Watkins, C., Rogan, D., Frank, J. (2002). Technological Approaches to Controlling Random Gunfire: Results of a Gunshot Detection System Field Test. Policing 25.2 : ProQuest Central. Retrieved on March 13, Official website for ShotSpotter