Presentation on theme: "SPaG-spelling, grammar and punctuation. The SPAG test includes questions that assess the following elements of the English curriculum: Sentence grammar."— Presentation transcript:
SPaG-spelling, grammar and punctuation
The SPAG test includes questions that assess the following elements of the English curriculum: Sentence grammar through both identifying and writing sentences that are grammatically correct Punctuation through identifying and writing sentences that are correctly punctuated Vocabulary through identifying and writing sentences in which a word is used correctly Spelling
The spag tests contains 2 papers Paper 1 requires multiple choice or short sentence answers, covering areas such as using connectives (because, despite, however, etc), using pronouns (I/me) correctly, capitalising the correct words in a sentence and explaining why, putting the correct punctuation into a given sentence, writing sentences that illustrate two different meanings of the same word (such as ‘present’), identifying the verb/noun/adjective/clauses in a sentence, and using plurals correctlyconnectivespronounsverb/noun/adjective/clauses in a sentence
Q: Which ending would make the word lazy an adverb? A: laziness/lazily/lazier/laziest Correct answer: lazily
Paper 2 is a spelling test, where children will have to spell words dictated by the examiner (presented within sentences). For example: Pria turned on the television to watch her favourite cartoon.
What skills and knowledge do children need to succeed? But for your child to do well in the SPAG test, they don’t just have to be good at writing; they also need a technical understanding of how the English language works. As well as being able to spell words correctly, use a wide range of vocabulary and punctuate well, they need to grasp the meaning of grammatical terms such as noun, verb, adjective, prefix, pronoun and adverb, know what phrases and clauses are and how to use them, understand what connectives are and how they work, know how to turn a question into a command, and so on. This terminology can be a stumbling block even for children who are otherwise good at reading and writing, and make the questions hard to understand; for a parent-friendly guide to the vocabulary and how English and grammar concepts are taught in primary school see primary literacy glossary for parents.primary literacy glossary for parents
Punctuation- commas separating subordinate clauses Spinning your sentences Look at these complex sentences… can you spin them around so the subordinate clause opens the sentence? Don’t forget that you will need a comma! E.g. The kitten waited by its bowl because it was hungry Because the kitten was hungry, it waited by its bowl. 1- The kitten waits by its bowl if it is hungry. 2- The kitten waits by its bowl until it has been fed. 3- The kitten goes off to play after it has been fed. 4- The kitten has gone off to play since it has been fed. 5- The kitten goes off to play as it has been fed.
Sentence types Simple, compound, complex Try to make one of each sentence using these pictures as the subjects.
Sentence openers Change the opening Varying openingsExamples How- adverbAngrily, the old king sat down. When- time connectiveIn the afternoon, the old king sat down. Where-prepositional phraseOn the hilltop, the old king sat down. ing verbGiggling, the old king sat down. ed verbExcited, the old king sat down. Simile using likeLike a Buddha, the old king sat down. Simile using andAs thin as a whippet, the old king sat down. Single wordWeary, the old king sat down. Try to think of examples of each for these sentences: The caterpillar went across the wall. Sharks are not all dangerous.
Verbs Look at the pictures and see how many verbs you can think of to describe what is happening. The bird went…………… The waterfall came………… The man began to……………
Verbs Verb race List as many verbs as you can to match with the noun e.g. Car- dashed, raced, cruised, drove, prowled, trundled, crawled. Try with these nouns; snake, volcano, baby, wind, river.
Connectives-discussion connectives Should X be banned? In pairs discuss a topic e.g. whether school uniform should be banned with one partner for and one against. Use discussion connectives in your arguments. Some people think that… However… On the other hand… Although… It could be argued that… Others believe that… Another point of view is…