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Shurley Grammar Unit 5 6 th Grade. Lesson 127 Predicate Adjective Jingle 1.A predicate adjective is an adjective in the predicate. 2.A predicate adjective.

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Presentation on theme: "Shurley Grammar Unit 5 6 th Grade. Lesson 127 Predicate Adjective Jingle 1.A predicate adjective is an adjective in the predicate. 2.A predicate adjective."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shurley Grammar Unit 5 6 th Grade

2 Lesson 127 Predicate Adjective Jingle 1.A predicate adjective is an adjective in the predicate. 2.A predicate adjective modifies only the subject word. 3.A predicate adjective is located after a linking verb. 4.To find the predicate adjective ask WHAT KIND of subject.

3 Predicate Adjective Jingle Listen my comrades and you shall hear About predicate adjectives from far and near. No one knows the time or year When the predicate adjectives will appear. Listen now to all the facts, So you will know when the Pred’s are back! Dum De Dum Dum! The predicate adjective is a special adjective in the predicate That modifies only the subject word. To find a predicate adjective, ask what kind of subject After a linking verb.

4 Lesson 127 Earlier you learned that nouns have different jobs, or function, in a sentence. You have studied five of these. What are the five functions of nouns in a sentence that you have learned? subject noun, object of the preposition, direct object, indirect object, and predicate noun.

5 Lesson 127 Today you will study a new sentence pattern that adds an adjective, not a noun, to the core parts. Pattern 5 for Shurley Grammar is subject noun / linking verb / predicate adjective. Like Pattern 4, Pattern 5 has a linking verb. The adjective that follows the linking verb, the predicate adjective, describes (modifies) the subject noun. The predicate adjective tells what kind of subject.

6 Lesson 127 What is Pattern 5 for Shurley Grammar? subject noun / linking verb / predicate adjective To find a predicate adjective, what do you ask? What kind of subject? What does the predicate adjective modify? subject noun

7 Lesson 127 The predicate adjective tells what kind of subject. It is called a predicate adjective because it is located in the predicate but modifies only the subject and not another noun in the predicate. To find the predicate adjective, ask what kind of subject after the linking verb. A predicate adjective is labeled PA.

8 Lesson 127 A predicate adjective is an adjective after the verb that describes or tells what kind of subject. A predicate adjective is labeled PA. To find the predicate adjective, as WHAT KIND after the verb. A predicate adjective is often called a predicate nominative. A predicate adjective is always after a linking verb. A linking verb links or connects the subject to a predicate adjective.

9 Lesson 127 A predicate adjective always follows what kind of verb? linking verb How do we label a predicate adjective? PA What is Pattern 5 of the Shurley Method? subject noun / linking verb / predicate adjective

10 Lesson Her new dress is magnificent. 2.What is magnificent? dress – SN 3.What is being said about dress? dress is – V 4.Dress is what? magnificent – verify the adjective 5.What kind of dress? magnificent – PA 6.Is – LV 7.What kind of dress? new – Adj 8.Whose dress? her – PPA 9.SN LV PA P5 Check

11 Lesson Linking verb – check again. 11. Period, statement, declarative sentence. 12. Go back to the verb – divide the complete subject from the complete predicate. 13. Is there an adverb exception? No. 14. Is this sentence in a natural or inverted order? Natural – no change.

12 Lesson 127 The waves were large.

13 Lesson 127 During the storm the waves were large and frightening.

14 Lesson 127 Our music director was very creative during the musical performance.

15 Lesson 127 The steps to our house are too steep and narrow for my grandmother.

16 Lesson 127 The beans from the garden are extremely fresh and tender.

17 Lesson 128 Adjectives have three forms, or degrees, which we use in making comparisons. These forms, called degrees of comparisons, are (1) the simple form (sometimes called positive form), (2) the comparative form, and (3) the superlative form. The comparative and superlative forms of adjectives not only describe individual items, but they also give you the ability to compare one item with others.

18 Lesson 128 What are the three forms of adjectives? simple, comparative, and superlative Which of these two forms allow you to compare one item with others? comparative and superlative

19 Lesson 128 Jesse is tall. Tall is an adjective that describes Jesse. There is no one to compare Jesse to, so tall is a simple form adjective. Jesse is taller than Mark. Now that we have two people, we can compare them to one another. Taller is a comparative form adjective. Jessica is the tallest of all three students. Now that we have three or more people, we can use a superlative. Tallest is a superlative form adjective.

20 Lesson 128 What form of adjective is used when no comparison is made? simple form adjective What form of adjective compares two people, places, things, or ideas? comparative form adjective What form of adjective compares three or more nouns? superlative form adjectives

21 Lesson 128 The Simple Form is used when no comparison is made. There are no rules for simple form. Examples: tall, nervous The Comparative Form is used to compare TWO people, places, things, or ideas. Rule: Use –er with most 1 or 2 syllable words. Examples: taller, bigger Rule: Use more with words ending in –ful or whenever the –er sounds awkward. Examples: more beautiful, more nervous Rule: Use more with all 3 or more syllable words. Examples: more enchanting, more sophisticated

22 Lesson 128 The Superlative Form is used to compare THREE or more people, places, things, or ideas. Rule: Use –est with most 1 or 2 syllable words. Examples: tallest, craziest Rule: Use most with words ending in –ful or whenever the –est ending sounds awkward. Examples: most beautiful, most awkward Rule: Use most for all 3 or more syllable words. Examples: most delicate, most challenging

23 Lesson 128 Irregular Adjectives have no rules and must be memorized. SimpleComparativeSuperlative goodbetterbest badworseworst littlelessleast much, manymoremost

24 Lesson 128 What is the comparative form of happy? happier What is the superlative form of beautiful? most beautiful What is the comparative form of good? better What is the superlative form of bad? worst

25 Jingle Review Predicate Noun Jingle 1. A predicate noun is a noun or pronoun. 2. A predicate noun means the same thing as the subject word. 3. A predicate noun is located after a linking verb. 4. To find the predicate noun as WHAT or WHO after the verb.

26 Lesson 129 Those mushrooms in the forest are very poisonous.

27 Lesson 129 The dishes in the sink are dirty and broken.

28 Lesson 129 My brother is very tall for his age.

29 Lesson 129 The leaves on the trees are green in the spring.

30 Lesson 129 My mother was nervous about her interview today.

31 Lesson 130 Toni couldn’t believe she had a flat tire in the middle of nowhere. She kicked the flat tire in front of her. She looked at the scorching sun, and she looked up and down the empty highway. Then she wondered if she had a spare tire. She knew with her luck that she probably didn’t, and she kicked the flat for a third time. Then a jolly little voice behind her asked her if she was a little testy today. As Toni turned, she caught a quick glimpse of a little elf. Toni blinked her eyes quickly and said that she didn’t believe in elves, ghosts, or little people, but if someone could help her change her tire, she would let him.

32 Lesson 130 Compare the same story written differently. “I can’t believe I have a flat tire in the middle of nowhere,” Toni muttered as she kicked the flat tire in front of her. She looked at the scorching sun, and she looked up and down the empty highway. “Well, I wonder if I have a spare tire. With my luck, I probably don’t,” Toni muttered again as she kicked the flat for a third time. “My, my, aren’t we a little testy today?” said a jolly little voice behind her. As Toni turned, she caught a quick glimpse of a little elf. Blinking her eyes quickly, Toni said very loudly, “I don’t believe in elves, ghosts, or little people, but if you can help me change this tire, I’ll let you.”

33 Lesson 130 Using quotations or dialogue helps the reader feel like he/she is right in the middle of the action. Quotations (dialogue) are words spoken by someone. Quotation marks are used to set off the exact words that are spoken.

34 Lesson 130 Begin quotations with a capital letter. End a quotation with a terminating punctuation mark—a period, exclamation mark, or question mark. Example: “We are going camping this weekend!” Pause a quotation by using a comma. Example: “Listen,” mama said, “to the falling rain.” Assign a speaker after a quotation by using a comma, question mark, or exclamation mark inside the quotation marks. Example: “Can we stay inside for recess?” the class begged.

35 Lesson 130 Quotations always begin with what? a capital letter Quotations/dialogue are offset from the rest of the text by what marks? quotation marks

36 Lesson 130 The pattern for a beginning quote is: “C -quote- (,!?)” explanatory words/speaker (.) Follow the steps to fix this sentence. the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss my dad said Identify the explanatory words/speaker. Put a period after those words. the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss my dad said.

37 Lesson 130 the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss my dad said. Enclose the quote with a comma, exclamation mark, or a question mark in quotation marks. “the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss,” my dad said. Start the quotation with a capital letter and fix other capitalization errors. “The boys and I are going hunting on Friday with BJ Moss,” my dad said.

38 Lesson 130 Using the pattern for a beginning quote, fix these sentences. “C -quote- (,!?)” explanatory words/speaker (.) joe, i want you to do the dishes tonight mom said we were outside playing the children explained

39 Lesson 130 The pattern for an end quote is: C –explanatory words/speaker (,) “C –quote- (.!?)” Follow the steps to fix this sentence. my dad said the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss Identify the explanatory words/speaker. Capitalize the first word and follow with a comma. My dad said, the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss

40 Lesson 130 My dad said, the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss Put quotation marks around what is being said. My dad said, “the boys and i are going hunting on friday with bj moss” Capitalize the beginning of the quotation and all other proper nouns within the quotation. My dad said, “The boys and I are going hunting on Friday with BJ Moss” End the sentence with terminating punctuation. My dad said, “The boys and I are going hunting on Friday with BJ Moss.”

41 Lesson 130 Using the pattern for end quotations, fix these sentences. C –explanatory words/speaker (,) “C –quote- (.!?)” mom said i want you to do the dishes tonight henry screamed stop poking me with your pencil

42 Lesson 130 The pattern for split quotations is: “C –quote- (,)” lc –explanatory words(,) “lc – quote- (.!?)” Follow the steps to fix this sentence. the boys and i my dad said are going hunting on friday with bj moss Identify the explanatory words/speaker. Follow them with a comma. the boys and i my dad said, are going hunting on friday with bj moss

43 Lesson 130 the boys and i my dad said, are going hunting on friday with bj moss Put quotation marks around what is being said. “the boys and i” my dad said, “are going hunting on friday with bj moss” Punctuate the quotation. Add a comma where after the interrupted piece of the quotation and end with terminating punctuation. “the boys and i,” my dad said, “are going hunting on friday with bj moss.”

44 Lesson 130 “the boys and i,” my dad said, “are going hunting on friday with bj moss.” Capitalize the first word of the quotation and all proper nouns. “The boys and I,” my dad said, “are going hunting on Friday with BJ Moss.”

45 Lesson 130 Use the pattern for split quotations to fix these sentences. “C –quote- (,)” lc –explanatory words(,) “lc – quote- (.!?)” joe mom said your father and i want you to do the dishes tonight we have to walk across town jan said to get to the park

46 Lesson 131 The hides of some animals are very valuable.

47 Lesson 131 They appeared happy about the big trip.

48 Lesson 131 The lights on the stage were extremely bright.

49 Lesson 131 After the ceremony Sandra will be too tired for a shopping trip.

50 Lesson 131 The actor’s performance in the musical was absolutely tremendous.

51 Jingle Review

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53 Lesson 135 The adhesive tape was too sticky for the children.

54 Lesson 135 The July morning was clear and hot.

55 Lesson 135 The road to our house is hilly and rough.

56 Lesson 135 The wind from the north was very strong during the storm.

57 Jingle Review

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59 Lesson 137 Kelly’s novel was exceptionally good for a beginning writer.

60 Lesson 137 The castle on the top of the hill is enormous.

61 Lesson 137 At night the old house was dark and scary.

62 Lesson 137 The lawyer from the prestigious firm was very dependable.

63 Jingle Review

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65 Lesson 139 My new boss was very tactful about the new rules and regulations.

66 Lesson 139 Our chairs in the den are torn and ragged.

67 Lesson 139 We were warm and cozy in front of the blazing fireplace.

68 Lesson 139 During August the weather is hot and miserable.

69 Jingle Review

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71 Lesson 140 Fire and disease are the worst enemies of the forest.

72 Lesson 140 The President is elected by the people and serves for four years.

73 Lesson 140 The encyclopedia gave us the answer to our question.

74 Lesson 140 The chestnut-brown moccasin is poisonous.

75 Jingle Review

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78 Lesson 143 Jan selected furniture for the bedroom and ordered drapes for the windows.

79 Lesson 143 The animals in the everglades are deer, bears, cougars, and alligators.

80 Lesson 143 The baby ducks in our ponds are yellow and soft.

81 Lesson 143 An unusual story about a raccoon was charmingly told.

82 Jingle Review

83 Lesson 145 Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall of the year.

84 Lesson 145 The bank teller showed us the hidden camera during our investigation.

85 Lesson 145 This log house is too expensive for the average buyer.

86 Lesson 145 The weary travelers impatiently awaited the end of the heavy snowfall.


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