MAIN CLAUSEADVERB CLAUSE We watched TV a lot Tickets cost more when the Olympics were on. Because athletes earn so much
Before I played basketball, The coach met with her players, I was a soccer player. after the game was over. TYPES
I’ve seen children playing soccer Anywhere you go, everywhere I’ve been outside the U.S. sports stars are national heroes.
Now that television covers the games, He was unable to play in the final game billions of people can see the Olympics. as he had hurt his ankle.
Unless the tickets cost too much, Only if she wins the gold medal we’ll go to the game next Saturday. will she get a professional contract.
They won the game, Although their team is talented, though they didn’t really deserve the victory. they just didn’t win.
1. Adverb clauses indicate how, when, where, why, or under what conditions things happen;or they introduce a contrast. I went home when the game was over. She dropped out of the race because she was injured.
2. Adverb clauses of time indicate when something happens. They are introduced by after, as, as soon as, before, by the time, once, since, until/ till, when, whenever, while, etc. The race will start as soon as everyone is in places. We always drink water before we start a game.
3. Adverb clauses of place indicate where something happens. * Prefessional sports are played where there are big stadiums. *Major athletes are popular wherever they go.
4. Adverb clauses of reason indicate why something happens. They are introduced by as, because, now that (=because now), since, etc. NOTE: Since and as are used both in adverb clauses of time and of reason. She won the medal bacause she had practiced tirelessly. Since he didn’t register in time, he can’t play. Barry has played sports since he entered high school.(time –since= starting from that point)
5. Adverb clauses of condition indicate under what conditions something happens. They are introduced by even if, if, only if, unless, etc. NOTE: If the sentence begins with only if, the subject and verb of the main clause are inverted, and no comma is used. * You’ll improve if you practice daily. Even if he practices constatly, he won’t make the team. Only if another athlete drops out will Betty make the team.
6. Adverb clauses of contrast make a contrast with the idea expressed in the independent clause. They are introduced by although, even though, though, whereas, while, etc. NOTE: While is used to introduce both a clause of contrast and a clause of time. He lost the race although he was favored. Although / even though / though he is quite young, he was selected for the team. While they lost the game, they played their best.(contrast) We ate while we were watching the game.(time)