Presentation on theme: "A PRIMER. An English professor wrote the words, "Woman without her man is nothing" on the blackboard and directed his students to punctuate it correctly."— Presentation transcript:
An English professor wrote the words, "Woman without her man is nothing" on the blackboard and directed his students to punctuate it correctly. The men wrote: “ A woman, without her man, is nothing." The women wrote: “ A woman: without her, man is nothing."
SET OFF INTRODUCTORY MATERIAL IN A SENTENCE: After taking the last cupcake on the plate, Henry scooted outside to avoid the fury of his sister.
SET OFF ITEMS IN A LIST Lions, tigers and bears were the featured animals at the Cincinnati Zoo last weekend. Note**** sometimes you will see a comma in front of the “and.” This is old school style!
DIVIDE TWO COMPLETE SENTENCES Commas team up with conjunctions to separate two full sentences. The girls won the game, and they celebrated with chicken tenders at Applebee’s.
SETTING OFF A SIDE NOTE- if left out it wouldn’t change the sense of the sentence. Lisa’s father, who is known to be protective, will not allow her to work after nine.
WHEN ADDRESSING SOMEONE Mr. Carson, did you assign chapter seven for homework yesterday? Students, put your homework on the front table!
SEPARATE DIALOGUE FROM THE ATTRIBUTION I began to cry, “ It was an accident; the roads were covered with ice.”
SEPARATE TWO COMPLETE SENTENCES THAT HAVE NO CONJUNCTION BETWEEN THEM. The girls won the game; they celebrated with chicken tenders at Applebees. The SUV flipped over and rolled down the embankment; it was totalled.
Colons set up the reader for whatever follows: a list, a long quote, or an explanation. The directions say: go west on vine, turn left on east main and then left again on 4 th street. The message here is: “Stay on your toes; it’s coming at you.” He tried out for several teams: the Wildcats, the Cardinals and the Hilltoppers.
Use apostrophe marks for possessive and for plurals. Those are the players’ shoes. ( plural noun and possessive) That is Susan’s cellphone. ( single noun and possessive) John Stamos’s 3 fouls placed him on the bench until the half. ( nouns that end in s also have ‘s endings.)