Presentation on theme: " 1840’s- People were interested in moving to the west coast to California and the NorthEast Lansford W. Hastings suggested there was a faster way to."— Presentation transcript:
1840’s- People were interested in moving to the west coast to California and the NorthEast Lansford W. Hastings suggested there was a faster way to get there. At Sutter’s Fort, in California, he met with John C Fremont and they agreed it could be done
So the next spring, Hastings left from Sutter’s Fort, CA and reversed the Fremont route. But instead, he made a cutt-off cutting through Utah. He established a shorter Route off the California trail
The first group of people to try the Hastings Cuttoff was the Bryant group Edwin Bryant was a newspaper editor from Kentucky. He left from Ft. Bridger, WY to the Hastings Cuttoff He indeed made it to California.
This was the first wagon train group to travel on the Hastings Cutt-off They had trouble with their wagons through the mountains and barely made it. Hastings went with them as a guide and felt he should warn future travelers not to go that way.
The Donner and Reed families left Ft. Bridger WY to travel to California. One large group chose to travel a longer way The smaller group chose to use Hastings Cutt- off.
The smaller group had 87 men, women and children. They had 23 large wagons with furniture, tools, clothes, food and supplies. They left Wyoming and headed through Utah. They waited for Hastings to guide through Emigration Canyon (near Salt lake City)
They cleared rocks, trees and bushes to make a trail through the canyon…. This cost them a LOT of time… which led to disaster!!!
They passed the hot dry flats near Salt lake and became exhausted. The oxen refused to move and the children were tired… so they rested By the time they reached the Sierra Nevada mountains it was the end of October and winter was upon them….
The winter storms were so bad, they tried to build shelter They began to starve. They boiled their oxen for food… even their bones and hides when they were desperate. As months went on, they even ate the meat off of frozen bodies of those that had died.
Finally, a rescue party walked into camp and saved them Out of the 87 people that started the trip… only 48 lived to reach California.