Presentation on theme: "By Nai Saelee Mr. Brown’s Fourth Quarter Project"— Presentation transcript:
1By Nai Saelee Mr. Brown’s Fourth Quarter Project The Donner PartyBy Nai SaeleeMr. Brown’sFourth Quarter Project
2Original JourneyThe original journey to California or Oregon was to last2,000 mile. If traveling by oxen and or horses at 15 miles perday you would reach California or Oregon in about 5 months.Thatwas the expected traveling time. Many emigrants traveled westbecause of good farmlands and good weather conditions. Theemigrants were to follow 2 recently established wagon trails,but a lawyer by the name of Lansford W. Hasting had publisheda book called, “The Emigrants’ Guide To Oregon and California.”It spoke of a shorter route to California and Oregon. Thusbeginning the Donner Trail.
3Lansford HastingsLansford Hastings published a books called, “The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California.” He wrote about the journey to Oregon and California saying that his cutoff would save them, the emigrants, 300 miles. It truth it lasted 250 more miles than the original.
4James ReedWas leader of Donner Party Along With George Donner and Jacob DonnerWas a wealthy manWife was named MargaretHad 2 daughters and 1 sonWas later banned for killing SnyderBrought relief party to help the emigrants that were trapped in the Mountains
5Margaret Reed Wife of James Reed Was left with the emigrants when her husband was banned from the groupHad to help her children surviveWas rescued with the first relief party
6Captain John SutterFounder of Sutter’s Fort. He helped Reed to make the relief party to help rescue the emigrants from the snow.
7What It Would Have Been Like To Be A Member Of Donner Party If I was to be a member of the Donner Party, I think that I would have to go through a lot of ordeals. I would probably starve and have to eat human meat. I would also be dead or maybe half alive. To be a member of the Donner party I would have had to suffer a tremendous amount. I would see the death of people that I knew or even people that I didn’t even know. I would not have liked to be a part of the Donner party.
10Differences Between The Cutoff And Other Trails Took longer than the other trailsTraveled through the desert longerWent under the lakeTraveled almost a straight routeFrom Fort Bridger they went straight then downNot enough water and food around terrainsOther TrailsWent over the lakeDid not travel straightFrom Fort Bridger they went upHad a lot of food and water around terrainsDid not have muddy places to go through
11Similarities Between The Cutoff And The Other Trails The similarity of the other trails and the cutoff that led to California is that they both crossed the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the desert.Another similarity is that they had to cross the Deserts near the Great Salt Lake.
12Major Decisions They Had To Face Most of the major decisions that the Donner party had to face were whether or not they should continue or rest their tired oxen and horses. It is because if they did rest their horses and not hurry through they could get behind the schedule. Which is what they did on October 31, They were only one day behind schedule. Another obstacle they had to face was whether or not they should take Hastings’ Cutoff. The eventually did take Hastings’ Cutoff which was a huge mistake. The choose this option because they had believed in Lansford Hastings. Their last option they had to choose was to eat human meat to survive or to starve to death. As you can see in the outcome they chose to eat human meat.
13First Signs Of Troubles Virginia Reed’s LetterThere was a swamp that they could not go through had to make a raft. Took a lot of time.As the river remained high and there was no prospect of fording it, the men went to work cutting down trees, hollowing out logs and making rafts on which to take the wagons over. Took more time than they though.Tried to cross the river was very dangerous, took longer timeCrossing the Great Salt Lake took a month instead of week as they thought.
14Donner LakeThis is Donner Lake as seen from the pass. It was were the Donners camped at when they were trapped in the snow. It is surrounded by lots of mountains.
15The MonumentThis monument has an inscription on it which says, “Virile to risk and find; kindly withal and a ready help. Facing the brunt of fate; Indomitable, -- unafraid.” It was said that the monument’s height represents the height of the snow when the Donner Party rested in the Summit. It is 22 feet tall.
16The Great RockThe Great Rock is a rock that used to be a part of the Murphy Cabin. It served as one side of their cabin wall during the time of The rock now contains a plaque that has all the members of the Donner Party.
17Links Diary Entries Are From The Hyperlink Below Most Pictures Are From The Hyperlink Below