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Housing Types and Improvements September 2010
Bricks with Mortar
Mud mortar washed away causing displacement of brick layers
Housing Types in AJK
Round stone with cement mortar
Quality of material
Failure in Pucca brick masonry house with lintel band
Erosion of base by flash flooding
Settlement in Pucca brick masonry house
Failure of walls with steel band
Bulging of wall/corner failure
Skills Although skill people were available there but they need to be trained.
MASONRY. Introduction Masonry→ construction of buildings units bonded together with mortar The building units →bricks, stones or precast concrete, Depending.
Competency: Draw Foundation Plans Objective: Explain footing and foundation wall construction.
THE SOUTHWESTERN SPANISH PUEBLO ARCHITECTURE BY JOSEPH EHLING.
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Jitendra Bothara Beca New Zealand Svetlana Brzev BCIT Canada IMPROVING THE SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF STONE MASONRY BUILDINGS SPONSORED BY:
CE Estimation & Quantity Surveying Prepared by Prof. S.L. DAVID ANANDARAJ.
Chapter 6 Measuring Masonry and Finishes. Masonry Work Generally It includes clay bricks, concrete bricks and blocks, clay tiles, and natural and artificial.
INCAN ARCHITECTURE MACHU PICHU. Machu Pichu was declared a Peruvian sanctuary in 1981 and an UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN 1983.In 2007 it was voted.
Garban, Marines Perez, Rogmary Soler, Wini. Content Page 3 Definition Wall History 5 Mesopotamia 6 Egypt 7 Ancient Greece 8 Ancient Rome 9 Medieval Age.
Garban, Marines Perez, Rogmary Soler, Wini. Masonry rising from the floor to a height, generally taller than people. It used to divide a room alia, to.
Building Materials And their properties.. Traditional building materials Stone Brick Timber Slate Lead Mud! Plaster (gypsum)
Mix your own concrete with our sand, gravel, and cement, or choose our ready- mixed concrete. We’ll even deliver it to your site! Low-maintenance bricks.
Earthquake Preparedness for common Man: Structural and Non-Structural By, Sri Jewel Timung, EE, PWD(R), Diphu Divn.
POST AND LINTEL SYSTEM Alba López Odelis Lozada María Celina Val.
Homes By: Declan Stacy and Benjamin Kosove. City homes There are 2 basic types of houses in China – houses in the city and houses in the country. Many.
Masonry Foundations 3/25/2011. What is a Masonry foundation Basically a Masonry Foundation is a foundation constructed of brick, block, or mortar and.
© 2006 ITT Educational Services Inc. CD230 Architectural Design & Drafting: Unit 4 Slide 1 Unit 4 Brick, Stone, Steel, and Concrete Construction.
When the sub floor is ready the bricklayers can then move onto the site and build the main shell of the house.
SANTA CRUZ DE MORA MERIDA, VENEZUELA. It is a town nestled in a valley and the banks of a river, so it presents serious problems of flood, landslide and.
Geography at Key Stage 2 Unit 23: Investigating coasts.
Construction Cost Estimating Class #7 - Masonry Prof. Ralph V. Locurcio, PE.
HERWG Updates Reporting Status Agencies Registered to date = 44 Update Received for today meeting Agencies = 02 Last update compiled – July.
Government Engineering College, Bhavnagar Civil Engineering Third Sem. Subject : Building Construction Topic : Brick Masonary Name: Enrollment No.: Gamit.
During the semester Introductions Basics of earthquakes History and Recording Damaging Earthquakes and Understanding seismic exposure Undertaking loss.
1006 Congress Avenue Austin, TX LUNDBERG BAKERY. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places State of Texas Archaeological Landmark City.
Introduction Definition History Post Bean Span Material Relations Cantilever Beans Failures Conclusion.
Delivering a world of solutions Catastrophic Risk Assessment for Preparedness Delivering a world of solutions Inderjit Claire Vice President.
FoundationsFoundations The National Association of Certified Home Inspectors.
Shelter Cluster Somalia ShelterCluster.org Coordinating Humanitarian Shelter Building Back Safer PILOT PROJECT KISMAAYO 1 Building Back Safer.
SOME COMMON RELATIONS USED IN BUILDING ESTIMATES.
Enzyme Stabilized Mud (Earthen) Construction using DBV-1 (Project funded by NABARD) Developed and MFG by: Technology Verified by: Marketed by: Supported.
This House is made of bricks. It is in St. Louis.
Class Day Thirteen. Chapter 9 Stone & Concrete Masonry.
Pole Foundation:- Foundation: Foundation is required to support structure for transmission tower, lighting poles, and transformer erection etc in the.
By Prof.Kuldeep Nayi Sub : Building Construction ( )
WHAT IS MEANT BY MASONRY ? INTRODUCTION MASONRY Brick Masonry Terminology Types of Bond in brick Masonry Principles of Brick Masonry Stone Masonry Dressing.
Chapter 23 Plumbing Systems. Objectives After reading the chapter and reviewing the materials presented the students will be able to: Identify several.
Construction Materials Unit 2.1 CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATE.
Jacobabad, one tiny part of one of 40 districts swamped in square miles of water after 2010 floods. The denuded landscape was due to pre-flood land use.
GREEN KARAVANGHAR Low Carbon Footprint, Sustainable Architecture A Heritage Foundation Initiative for Guided Self-help.
Materials Ideas Plastic Lumber Soda Cans, Bottles, etc. Recycled Cotton Barn Wood Steel Bamboo Cork SunSlates (Solar roofing shingles) Concrete Tires Mud,
The building of structures from small individual units laid in and bound together by mortar Some common materials you ca find in this practice are brick,
10-1 人生与责任 淮安工业园区实验学校 连芳芳 “ 自我介绍 ” “ 自我介绍 ” 儿童时期的我.
This term we are going to learn what houses were like a long time ago. Castles.
Learning Objective: I will explain procedures in text. procedures - a set of steps that happen over time.
ROMAN BRICK Types. Roman Brick Opus Quadratum: Is a construction technique using bricks or blocks of stone, sometimes set without the use of mortar. Normally.
111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester Building.
Architecture By: Rashad Faison. A Adobe “bricks” are just tightly pressed earth. Adobe “bricks” are just tightly pressed earth.
Products from limestone. What is thermal decomposition? Limestone is a valuable material because it can be used as the starting point for many other materials.
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