Presentation on theme: "INDUSTRIAL AGE CH.6 SEC.1. NATURAL RESOURCES FUEL INDUSTRIALIZATION Post Civil War the U.S. was primarily agricultural By 1920s it was the leading industrial."— Presentation transcript:
NATURAL RESOURCES FUEL INDUSTRIALIZATION Post Civil War the U.S. was primarily agricultural By 1920s it was the leading industrial country in the world Natural resources Government support for business Growing urban population = labor force & market
BLACK GOLD Native Americans were the 1 st to use crude oil for fuel/medicine 1840s- Americans used kerosene (refined from oil) to light lamps Edwin L. Drake Used steam engine to drill for oil (Pennsylvania) Spread to KY, OH, IL, IN and TX Refining industries near Pittsburg & Cleveland Transformed oil to kerosene Gasoline was by-product thrown away initially until the automobile
BESSEMER STEEL PROCESS Oil wasn’t the only resource to be found Also rich in iron ore & coal Bessemer Process- 1850 Henry Bessemer (British) & William Kelley (American) Injecting air into the molten iron to remove carbon 1880- used to produce 90% of world’s steel
NEW USES FOR STEEL Industries Railroads- largest customers Barbed wire Farm machinery New construction Completely changed the construction industry Brooklyn Bridge (1883)- spanned 1,595 ft. William Le Baron Jenney----skyscrapers---- Home Insurance Building in Chicago
POWER OF ELECTRICITY Thomas Edison Established the world’s first research laboratory (1876---NJ) Invented light bulb (1880) Invented a system for producing/distributing electricity Effects Ran numerous machines Cities spread outwards Manufacturing grew---no longer had to be near power sources
CHANGING LIFESTYLES Christopher Sholes- invented typewriter in 1867 Changed world of work More jobs for women Alexander Graham Bell- invention of telephone Opened door for world wide communication
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