2Bacon’s Rebellion 1676-1677 First rebellion in the American Colonies Between the American Indians and Colonial Government in the Virginia ColonyConflict about how to deal with the Indians
3Nathaniel Bacon Leader of the rebellion Higher class Concerned about killing Indians than helping the poor (Lower Class)Denied treaty between Berkeley and PowhatanCaptured by the military and then releasedDied of a sickness
4After the Release of Bacon Created a populistTook militia in and raided Pamunkey and killed men, children, and womenRaised resentment against the rich and hatred towards the American IndiansThe Indians protested the Virginia Land Co. monopoly of the Beaver trade , unfair taxes, and political favoritismHis fall lead to munity even amongst his own militia
5William Berkeley Governor of Virginia His attraction to bacon was his idea of “leveling”
61700’s Colonies grew faster England was fighting a series of wars Some merchants made money from the warsMeant higher taxes, unemployment, and povertyVirginia legislature passed laws to punish servants who rebelledVoyage to America lasted eight, ten, or twelve weeks, servants were profits that marked the slave shipsGap between rich and poor widened, as violence and the threat of violence increased, and the problem of control became more serious
7Traveling Conditions were awful 8-12 weeks Servants were packed into the ship like itemsServants died of starvationSome servants were eatenChildren died of hunger and disease and thrown in the oceanWomen who were pregnant thrown in the sea if un able to deliver
8Revolts 5 revolts against the proprietor Erupt with great violence and frequencyElite (upper class) fear of revoltsUpper classes developed tactics to deal with fear“not born free but born slave and free”
9Economic classes Caused tensions Revolts start to occur ¾ of the New York land belong to to 30 people (upper class)The poor was growing too, more and more became poor“..in all times some must be rich, some poore, some highe and eminient in power and digniteie; others meane and in subjection”
10Cruel Treatment of Servants Beatings and whippingsWomen servants were rapedHigh suicide rateMany servants would die after their arrival, many were children due to:Disease and StarvationNot allowed to have children and marry because it would interfere with workWithout consent it is seen as adultery, fornication and children seen as bastardsScared of the outcome if they rebelledWhipping, starvation, misery, etc.
11After the Rebellion Racism was becoming more and more practical White slaves were allowed to join the militia in fear of slave rebellion growingIndians remained an obstacle to expansionBlack slaves were easier to controlThe numbers grew, the prospect of a slave rebellion grewBlack slaves were pouring inEverywhere the poor were struggling to stay alive, especially from freezing in the cold weatherClass lines hardened through the colonial period, distinction between rich and poor become sharperThey lived off the black slaves and white servants
12Boston Boston grew from 1678-1770 The % of adult males who were poor lost property rights meaning voting rightsRichest of all regions 29% of the town were landless menRioting became a form of protestSevere food shortageProtesting the high prices established by merchants demolished the public market“the town meetings, while ostensibly democratic, were in reality controlled year after year by the same group of merchant aristocrats, who secured most of the important offices”
13After the Rebellion (cont.) Strikes by workers increased among coopers, butchers, bakers, and other landless artisans as well as sailorsDemolishing public squares as well as homes of the landedNatives were not acquire or considered for labor and were constant threat on frontierSlaves escaping plantations in the South to join TribesWhite running to join native tribes, but if captured and given the chance to go back to white society, they would go backSouthern militias used blacks to find Indians on the frontier
14AftermathMiddle class small farmers and city artisans promoted to created a bond between landed and poorer whitesSystem of indentured servitude quickly disappear, thus alienating the negro and Indians which brought loyaltyBrought loyalty and directed hatred away from class conflicts enough to keep the these groups apartTo bind the loyalty a device was equality and liberty, could eventually unite whites to fight a revolution against England, without ending slavery and equality
15Reference(s)Zinn, Howard. A People’s History of America. New York, New York, CA. Harper Collins Publishers, 1995.