11Fluency: Tone of Voice Listen as I read “The Trumpet of the Swans.” As I read, notice how I vary my tone of voice as I read dialogue to reflect characters’ emotions and make the reading lively.Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
12Fluency: Tone of VoiceFather Swan says, swans “leave their nesting site at summer’s end and travel south…” Is this a statement of fact or an opinion? How do you know?Father Swan says nature designed the Red Rock Lakes “especially for swans.” Is this a statement of fact? How did you decide?
13Concept Vocabulary altitude – height above sea level ascent – act of going upswans – large water birds with long, slender, curving neckszone – any of the five great regions of Earth’s surface, bounded by imaginary lines parallel to the equator(Next Slide)
22Vocabulary Wordsbiologist – scientist who studies living things, including their origins, structures, activities, and distributionbluff – a high, steep slope or clifflagoon – a pond or small lake, especially one connected with a larger body of water
23Vocabulary Words massive – big and heavy; bulky rumbling – making a deep, heavy, continuous soundtropical – of or like the regions degrees north or south of the equator where the sun can shine directly overhead
24More Words to Know encounter – an unexpected meeting exhaling – breathing out(Next Slide)
31the average wait of a gray whale is from 30 to 40 tons The average weight of a gray whale is from 30 to 40 tons.a gray whale tail measures 10 to 12 foot acrossA gray whale tail measures 10 to 12 feet across.
32Main and Helping Verbs The whales are swimming in the bay. Are swimming is a verb phrase. It consists of a main verb (swimming) and a helping verb (are).
33Main and Helping VerbsA verb that has more than one word is called a verb phrase. A verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.The main verb shows action.The helping verb or verbs tell more about the action.
34Main and Helping VerbsCommon helping verbs are am, is, are, was, were, will, would, should, has, have, had, do, does, did, can, and could.In the following sentenced, the main verb is underlined once and the helping verb is underlined twice.Adelina has lived in La Laguna all her life.The whales were swimming under the boat.
35Main and Helping VerbsThe helping verbs am, is, and are show present time.Was and were show past time.Will shows future time.The helping verbs has, have and had show that an action started in the past.
36Main and Helping VerbsIn the following sentences, the helping verb have shows action that started in the past, and the helping verb will shows future time.The whales have returned to La Laguna every year.The whales will continue their journey north.
37Main and Helping Verbs Find the verb phrase in each sentence. Adelina’s grandfather will photograph the whales.will photographThe whales are playing in the bay.are playingOne whale is swimming close to the boat.is swimming
38Main and Helping Verbs Find the verb phrase in each sentence. Many people could visit the bay.could visitI am writing a letter to Adelina.am writing
39Main and Helping Verbs Underline the main verb once and the helping verb twice. Adelina has learned a lot about whales.has learnedMore visitors have arrived in buses.have arrivedEverybody is taking photographs.is takingSome whales are diving deep into the bay.are diving
40Main and Helping Verbs Underline the main verb once and the helping verb twice. Those whales were watching us.were watchingI will look at a whale up close.will lookThe village of La Laguna did become famous.did become
42piece peace break brake threw through by bye beat beet thrown throne aloudallowedpastpassedweightwaittheretheirprincipalprinciplesymbolcymbalstationarystationery
43What is the migration pattern of the gray whales Adelina sees? TuesdayQuestion of the DayWhat is the migration pattern of the gray whales Adelina sees?
44Today we will learn about: Context CluesFact and OpinionGraphic OrganizersGeneralizeVocabularyFluency: Choral ReadingGrammar: Main and Helping VerbsSpelling: HomophonesScience: TidesMigrationAnimal Migration
48Fluency: Choral Reading Turn to page 301, paragraph 1.As I read, notice how I convey Adelina’s pride and affection. Notice how my tone of voice matches the content and mood of the text.We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this page.
50gray whales swim threw the water. At around 3 to 5 miles per hour Gray whales swim through the water at around 3 to 5 miles per hour.they migrate from the bering sea too baja californiaThey migrate from the Bering Sea to Baja, California.
51Main and Helping VerbsA verb of more than one word is called a verb phrase.A verb phrase consists of a main verb and a helping verb.Helping verbs include am, is, are, was, were, will, has, had, and have.
58Fluency: Tone of Voice Turn to page 302. As I read, notice how my tone changes from a whisper to excitement as the grandfather’s story builds.Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings.
60you can see the whales, when they be swimming close to shore You can see the whales when they are swimming close to shore.if you is looking for a exciting trip go on a whale watchIf you are looking for an exciting trip, go on a whale watch.
61Main and Helping VerbsA verb of more than one word is called a verb phrase.A verb phrase consists of a main verb and a helping verb.Helping verbs include am, is, are, was, were, will, has, had, and have.
62Main and Helping VerbsUsing common verbs such as say, go, and get too often makes writing dull.Dull: The shark is going through the water.Vivid: The shark is cutting through the water.Review something you have written to see if you can improve it by replacing dull main verbs with more powerful, vivid verbs.
64piece peace break brake threw through by bye beat beet thrown throne aloudallowedpastpassedweightwaittheretheirprincipalprinciplesymbolcymbalstationarystationery
65ThursdayQuestion of the DayDoes your family visit a favorite lake in the summer or travel to Florida every winter?
66Today we will learn about: Expository Nonfiction/Text FeaturesReading Across TextsContent-Area VocabularyFluency: Partner ReadingGrammar: Main and Helping VerbsSpelling: HomophonesTimes for Science: Salmon Life Cycle
71the people of La laguna is enjoying the visiting whales The people of La Laguna are enjoying the visiting whales.the whale’s like the people twoThe whales like the people too.
72Main and Helping VerbsA verb of more than one word is called a verb phrase.A verb phrase consists of a main verb and a helping verb.Helping verbs include am, is, are, was, were, will, has, had, and have.
73Main and Helping VerbsTest Tip: No matter what the order of the words in a sentence is or how many helping verbs the sentence has, the main verb of the verb phrase is always the last verb.The whales are swimming fast.Are the whales swimming fast?How fast the whales are swimming!
75piece peace break brake threw through by bye beat beet thrown throne aloudallowedpastpassedweightwaittheretheirprincipalprinciplesymbolcymbalstationarystationery
76What patterns in nature guide the lives of animals? FridayQuestion of the DayWhat patterns in nature guide the lives of animals?
77Today we will learn about: Build Concept VocabularyFact and OpinionAuthor’s ViewpointContext CluesGrammar: Main and Helping VerbsSpelling: HomophonesReaders’ GuideAnimal Migration
78Fact and OpinionA statement of fact can be correct or incorrect. You can check it by doing research.A statement of opinion should be supported. A valid opinion is supported by facts or good logic. A faulty opinion is not.Some sentences contain both statements of fact and statements of opinion.
79Author’s ViewpointThe author’s viewpoint is the way an author looks at his or her subject.Look at the statements of opinion an author expresses and the statements of fact the author chooses to include.Try to figure out the author’s viewpoint even when it is not stated directly.
80HomonymsHomonyms are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings and origins. For example, story can be a tale or a level of a building.You can use context clues to determine appropriate meanings.Use the chart to provide other homonyms from Adelina’s Whales. List two meanings for each word and circle the meaning used in the story.
81Homonyms Word from Story Meaning 1 Meaning 2 light (p. 298) kind (p. 298)trails (p. 299)calf (p. 299)
82How can you locate articles on whales or animal migration in recent issues of magazines? The Readers’ Guide of Periodical Literature lists articles and other writing published in magazines and journals.
83Readers’ GuideThis reference is published in a series of volumes organized by date.Researchers can search for articles by subject or by author name.Each entry shows the article name, the author, the title and date of the source it is in, and the page(s) on which the article appears.
86whales have huge brains and it “talk” to each other in clicks and rumbles Whales have huge brains, and they “talk” to each other in clicks and rumbles.what amazing creature they isWhat amazing creatures they are!
87Main and Helping VerbsA verb of more than one word is called a verb phrase.A verb phrase consists of a main verb and a helping verb.Helping verbs include am, is, are, was, were, will, has, had, and have.