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Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which.

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Presentation on theme: "Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which coin hits the ground at the highest speed, neglecting air resistance? A.Coin A B. Coin B C. They hit the ground at the same speed. D. It cannot be determined.

2 Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which coin hits the ground at the highest speed, neglecting air resistance? A.Coin A B. Coin B C. They hit the ground at the same speed. D. It cannot be determined.

3 Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which coin hits the ground at the highest speed, allowing for air resistance? A.Coin A B. Coin B C. They hit the ground at the same speed. D. It cannot be determined.

4 Conservation of Energy Coin A is thrown up in the air at a speed v from an height of h. Coin B is thrown down at the same speed from the same height. Which coin hits the ground at the highest speed, allowing for air resistance? A.Coin A B. Coin B C. They hit the ground at the same speed. D. It cannot be determined.

5 Efficiency and Energy Loss 3U Physics

6 Efficiency Efficiency is the ratio of useful energy or work output to the total energy or work input:

7 Efficiency Efficiency is the ratio of useful energy or work output to the total energy or work input (written as a percent):

8 Efficiency Example 1 A model rocket engine contains explosives storing 3500 J of chemical potential energy. Calculate how efficiently the rocket transforms stored chemical energy into gravitational potential energy if the 0.50 kg rocket is propelled to a height of 1.0 x 10 2 m.

9 Efficiency Example 1 A model rocket engine contains explosives storing 3500 J of chemical potential energy. Calculate how efficiently the rocket transforms stored chemical energy into gravitational potential energy if the 0.50 kg rocket is propelled to a height of 1.0 x 10 2 m.

10 Efficiency Example 1 A model rocket engine contains explosives storing 3500 J of chemical potential energy. Calculate how efficiently the rocket transforms stored chemical energy into gravitational potential energy if the 0.50 kg rocket is propelled to a height of 1.0 x 10 2 m.

11 Efficiency Example 2 A 120-W motor accelerates a 5.0-kg mass from rest to a speed of 4.0 m/s in 2.0 s. Calculate the motor’s efficiency.

12 Efficiency Example 2 A 120-W motor accelerates a 5.0-kg mass from rest to a speed of 4.0 m/s in 2.0 s. Calculate the motor’s efficiency.

13 Efficiency Example 2 A 120-W motor accelerates a 5.0-kg mass from rest to a speed of 4.0 m/s in 2.0 s. Calculate the motor’s efficiency.

14 Efficiency, alternately Efficiency is also the ratio of useful power output to the power input:

15 Efficiency Example 2, alternately A 120-W motor accelerates a 5.0-kg mass from rest to a speed of 4.0 m/s in 2.0 s. Calculate the motor’s efficiency.

16 But what about conservation? Given that energy should be conserved, where does the energy go?

17 But what about conservation? Given that energy should be conserved, where does the energy go? The input energy is only “lost” in that it has been converted to non-useful forms: heat energy, sound energy, etc. by forces such as friction.

18 The 3 Laws of Thermodynamics (according to British scientist C.P. Snow)

19 The 3 Laws of Thermodynamics You can’t win.

20 The 3 Laws of Thermodynamics You can’t win. You can’t break even.

21 The 3 Laws of Thermodynamics You can’t win. You can’t break even. You can’t even get out of the game.

22 You can’t win. You can’t get something (energy) for nothing; energy is always conserved.

23 You can’t break even. You can’t return to the state at which you started because some energy is converted to non-useful forms.

24 You can’t break even. You can’t return to the state at which you started because some energy is converted to non-useful forms. The entropy (disorder) of a system always increases.

25 You can’t get out of the game. Absolute zero is the only state in which no energy is ever lost – and absolute zero is unattainable.

26 More Practice Homework Set 8: Power and Efficiency


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