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Mahmoud Rafeek Alfarra Computer Programming || Chapter 2: Exception handling.

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Presentation on theme: "Mahmoud Rafeek Alfarra Computer Programming || Chapter 2: Exception handling."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mahmoud Rafeek Alfarra Computer Programming || Chapter 2: Exception handling

2 Syllabus  Revision of OOP  Exception Handling  String manipulation  Regular expression  Files and Streams  Connect applications with DBMS  Streams-Based Sockets and Datagrams 2

3 Contents Example Exception Classes in C# Syntax Exception handling What is an exception error? 3 Practices User defined Exception

4 What is an exception error?  An exception is a problem that arises during the execution of a program.  A C# exception is a response to an exceptional situation that arises while a program is running, such as an attempt to divide by zero. 4

5 What is an exception error?  Exceptions provide a way to transfer control from one part of a program to another. 5

6 Exception handling  C# exception handling is built upon four keywords:  try: A try block identifies a block of code for which particular exceptions will be activated. It's followed by one or more catch blocks.  catch: A program catches an exception with an exception handler at the place in a program where you want to handle the problem. The catch keyword indicates the catching of an exception. 6

7 Exception handling  C# exception handling is built upon four keywords:  finally: The finally block is used to execute a given set of statements, whether an exception is thrown or not thrown.  For example, if you open a file, it must be closed whether an exception is raised or not.  throw: A program throws an exception when a problem shows up. This is done using a throw keyword. 7

8 Syntax  Assuming a block will raise and exception, a method catches an exception using a combination of the try and catch keywords.  You can list down multiple catch statements to catch different type of exceptions in case your try block raises more than one exception in different situations. 8

9 Syntax 9

10 Syntax  C# exceptions are represented by classes.  The exception classes in C# are mainly directly or indirectly derived from the System.Exception class.  Some of the exception classes derived from the System.  Exception class are the System.ApplicationException and System.SystemException classes. 10

11 Syntax  The System.ApplicationException class supports exceptions generated by application programs.  So the exceptions defined by the programmers should derive from this class.  The System.SystemException class is the base class for all predefined system exception. 11

12 Exception Classes in C# 12 There are another Exception classes in C#, search about them !!

13 Example 1 1.class Program { 2. public static void division(int num1, int num2) 3. { 4. float result=0.0f; 5. try 6. { 7. result = num1 / num2; 8. } 9. catch (DivideByZeroException e) 10. { 11. Console.WriteLine("Exception Error !! \n divid by zero !!"); 12. // Console.WriteLine("Exception caught: {0}", e); 13. } 14. finally 15. { 16. Console.WriteLine("Result: {0} ", result); 17. } 18. } 19. static void Main(string[] args) 20. { 21. division(10,0); 22. Console.ReadLine(); 23. } } 13

14 Example 2 1. catch (DivideByZeroException ex2) 2. { 3. // ….. 4. } 5. catch (FormatException ex1) 6. { 7. //…… 8. } 14 Try ex1.Message Try ex1.Message Try Exception only Instead of DivideByZeroException Or FormatException Try Exception only Instead of DivideByZeroException Or FormatException

15 Practice 15 Use IndexOutOfRangeException & FormatException & Exception Use IndexOutOfRangeException & FormatException & Exception

16 User Defined Exception 16 Every user defined exception must be defined as a new class Every user defined exception must be derived from ApplicationException ApplicationException New Exception Class

17 User Defined Exception 17 using System; namespace ExceptionHandling { class NegativeNumberException : ApplicationException { public NegativeNumberException(string message) // show message } if(value<0) throw new NegativeNumberException(" Use Only Positive numbers");

18 Mahmoud Rafeek Alfarra


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