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1 VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "1 VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

2 2 IP-PBX (Internet Protocol-Private Branch Exchange) systems provide telephone services that mimic traditional PBX systems delivered over LAN (Local Area Network) topologies This type of system is similar to computer network topologies and utilizes much of the same hardware to deliver phone service VoIP allows both voice and data communications to be run over a single network, which can significantly reduce infrastructure costs IP-PBX (Internet Protocol-Private Branch Exchange) systems provide telephone services that mimic traditional PBX systems delivered over LAN (Local Area Network) topologies This type of system is similar to computer network topologies and utilizes much of the same hardware to deliver phone service VoIP allows both voice and data communications to be run over a single network, which can significantly reduce infrastructure costs BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

3 3 Because of the bandwidth efficiency and low costs that VoIP technology can provide, businesses are migrating from traditional copper-wire telephone systems to VoIP systems to reduce their monthly phone costs. In 2008, 80% of all new PBX lines installed internationally were VoIP Because of the bandwidth efficiency and low costs that VoIP technology can provide, businesses are migrating from traditional copper-wire telephone systems to VoIP systems to reduce their monthly phone costs. In 2008, 80% of all new PBX lines installed internationally were VoIP BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

4 4 Here is an example of an IP-PBX VoIP system BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

5 5 IP-PBX systems are packet based voice technology for the interfaces between internal trunks, stations, buses and the internet BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

6 6 Many of these systems include devices such as gateways, routers, switches and servers that are integrated into an existing data network This eliminates the need for separate voice and data networks. All network cabling is treated as data only, which means that both voice and data cabling is terminated on patch panels as opposed to termination blocks Many of these systems include devices such as gateways, routers, switches and servers that are integrated into an existing data network This eliminates the need for separate voice and data networks. All network cabling is treated as data only, which means that both voice and data cabling is terminated on patch panels as opposed to termination blocks BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

7 7 VoIP systems employ session control protocols to control the set-up and tear-down of calls as well as audio codecs which encode speech allowing transmission over an IP network as digital audio via an audio stream Session control protocols are some what similar to performing on-hook and off-hook conditions for legacy phone systems VoIP systems employ session control protocols to control the set-up and tear-down of calls as well as audio codecs which encode speech allowing transmission over an IP network as digital audio via an audio stream Session control protocols are some what similar to performing on-hook and off-hook conditions for legacy phone systems BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

8 8 Audio codec refers to a single device that encodes analog audio as digital signals and decodes digital back into analog. In other words, it contains both an Analog- to-digital converter (ADC) and Digital-to-analog converter (DAC) running off the same clock. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS VoIP phone with built in ADC

9 9 The purpose of the audio codec software is to represent the high-fidelity audio signal with minimum number of bits while retaining the quality. This can effectively reduce the storage space and the bandwidth required for transmission of the stored audio file. The purpose of the audio codec software is to represent the high-fidelity audio signal with minimum number of bits while retaining the quality. This can effectively reduce the storage space and the bandwidth required for transmission of the stored audio file. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

10 10 A major development that started in 2004 was the introduction of mass-market VoIP services that utilize existing broadband Internet access, by which subscribers place and receive telephone calls in much the same manner as they would via the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Full-service VoIP phone companies provide inbound and outbound service with Direct Inbound Dialing. A major development that started in 2004 was the introduction of mass-market VoIP services that utilize existing broadband Internet access, by which subscribers place and receive telephone calls in much the same manner as they would via the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Full-service VoIP phone companies provide inbound and outbound service with Direct Inbound Dialing. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

11 11 It is becoming increasingly common for telecommunications providers to use VoIP telephony over dedicated and public IP networks to connect switching centers and to interconnect with other telephony network providers; this is often referred to as "IP backhaul". Smartphones and Wi-Fi enabled mobile phones may have SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) clients built into the firmware or available as an application download. It is becoming increasingly common for telecommunications providers to use VoIP telephony over dedicated and public IP networks to connect switching centers and to interconnect with other telephony network providers; this is often referred to as "IP backhaul". Smartphones and Wi-Fi enabled mobile phones may have SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) clients built into the firmware or available as an application download. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

12 12 Communication on the IP network is inherently less reliable in contrast to the circuit-switched public telephone network, as it does not provide a network- based mechanism to ensure that data packets are not lost, and are delivered in sequential order VoIP implementations may face problems mitigating latency and jitter, especially in the early days of implementing VoIP solutions. Communication on the IP network is inherently less reliable in contrast to the circuit-switched public telephone network, as it does not provide a network- based mechanism to ensure that data packets are not lost, and are delivered in sequential order VoIP implementations may face problems mitigating latency and jitter, especially in the early days of implementing VoIP solutions. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

13 13 One of the ways to address latency issues on a VoIP system is to use QoS (Quality of Service) protocols that give voice packets priority over data packets. VoIP solutions are also susceptible to power outages unless the whole data network is on a standby power system such as a UPS or back up generator One of the ways to address latency issues on a VoIP system is to use QoS (Quality of Service) protocols that give voice packets priority over data packets. VoIP solutions are also susceptible to power outages unless the whole data network is on a standby power system such as a UPS or back up generator BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS A small UPS

14 14 Let’s take a look a some specifications for a VoIP system to get a better understanding of what IP-PBX system can do and what features they offer. We’ll use the Allworx system shown in an earlier slide…. The following slides show the specifications from their web site Let’s take a look a some specifications for a VoIP system to get a better understanding of what IP-PBX system can do and what features they offer. We’ll use the Allworx system shown in an earlier slide…. The following slides show the specifications from their web site BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

15 15 This Bundle Includes 1 - Allworx 9112 Phone and 7 - GXP-2000 Phones Designed for companies with up to 30 users, the Allworx 6x system is a state-of-the art communications system that integrates three essential business operations into one simple system. It is a feature-rich phone system, a robust data network system and a message center that substantially improves productivity. With the Allworx 6x costing less than $500 per user (for a 20-person business), you can have it all... why compromise? This Bundle Includes 1 - Allworx 9112 Phone and 7 - GXP-2000 Phones Designed for companies with up to 30 users, the Allworx 6x system is a state-of-the art communications system that integrates three essential business operations into one simple system. It is a feature-rich phone system, a robust data network system and a message center that substantially improves productivity. With the Allworx 6x costing less than $500 per user (for a 20-person business), you can have it all... why compromise? BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

16 16 You can simultaneously use both analog and VoIP phone connections as you control the pace of your transition to new technology. More analog ports in the base connection of any manufacturer allow you to control when and how you move to VoIP. Features can be activated by you when you are ready to use them for your business. When you are ready to take advantage of VoIP you can do so seamlessly without disrupting your business operations. Add remote users when you need them without any hassle. Connect multiple offices to make one large organization. You can simultaneously use both analog and VoIP phone connections as you control the pace of your transition to new technology. More analog ports in the base connection of any manufacturer allow you to control when and how you move to VoIP. Features can be activated by you when you are ready to use them for your business. When you are ready to take advantage of VoIP you can do so seamlessly without disrupting your business operations. Add remote users when you need them without any hassle. Connect multiple offices to make one large organization. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

17 17 Some of the other features offered……….. Calls will continue to work like your traditional telephone system, and appear in the same way. Keep some of your analog lines for fax and 911 calls and use VoIP lines to save money on long distance calling (requires VoIP via WAN option). Up to 30 users can use VoIP phones (up to 2 analog devices also supported). Some of the other features offered……….. Calls will continue to work like your traditional telephone system, and appear in the same way. Keep some of your analog lines for fax and 911 calls and use VoIP lines to save money on long distance calling (requires VoIP via WAN option). Up to 30 users can use VoIP phones (up to 2 analog devices also supported). BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

18 18 Intercom capability across the platform. Use a Single Inbox for all messages! Respond to your voic on your computer (requires Message Center option). Set up Conference Calling for up to 8 seats. Use Group Calendaring to be more efficient (optional license) Create a Virtual Private Network (VPN) for the ultimate in secure transfer (optional license) Set up Call Queuing for a call-center presence (optional license). Intercom capability across the platform. Use a Single Inbox for all messages! Respond to your voic on your computer (requires Message Center option). Set up Conference Calling for up to 8 seats. Use Group Calendaring to be more efficient (optional license) Create a Virtual Private Network (VPN) for the ultimate in secure transfer (optional license) Set up Call Queuing for a call-center presence (optional license). BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

19 19 Allworx Call Assistant allows operators or receptionists to easily manage incoming calls, track key phone lines and individuals or groups. It is an easy, intuitive, fully integrated software tool which works in combination with any Allworx VoIP phone (optional license). Set up a Door Relay for increased security at your office. Leverage the Allworx built in PC network to manage your data communications across your business - from PCs, printers, VoIP phones, servers and backup systems. Compatible with VoIP Phones that follow SIP protocol Compatible with Softphones, including Pingtel Instant Expressa, EyeP Media and xTen Allworx Call Assistant allows operators or receptionists to easily manage incoming calls, track key phone lines and individuals or groups. It is an easy, intuitive, fully integrated software tool which works in combination with any Allworx VoIP phone (optional license). Set up a Door Relay for increased security at your office. Leverage the Allworx built in PC network to manage your data communications across your business - from PCs, printers, VoIP phones, servers and backup systems. Compatible with VoIP Phones that follow SIP protocol Compatible with Softphones, including Pingtel Instant Expressa, EyeP Media and xTen BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

20 20 Supports G711 and G729 endpoint connections Compatible with ITSPs (Internet Telephony Service Provider) LAN file server: MS Windows compatible via SMB/CIFS (Server Message Block) protocol Server: POP3 and SMTP Supports G711 and G729 endpoint connections Compatible with ITSPs (Internet Telephony Service Provider) LAN file server: MS Windows compatible via SMB/CIFS (Server Message Block) protocol Server: POP3 and SMTP BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

21 21 It uses the latest VoIP technology and can be configured to operate in traditional "key system" or enterprise "PBX" modes. You can mix and match Key and PBX functionality per phone. The Allworx 9112 VoIP phone comes with 12 Programmable Function Keys (PFKs). These keys can be programmed to show line appearances, call appearances, speed dial, BLF (busy lamp field, DSS (direct station select), Centrex flash, headset and redial. It uses the latest VoIP technology and can be configured to operate in traditional "key system" or enterprise "PBX" modes. You can mix and match Key and PBX functionality per phone. The Allworx 9112 VoIP phone comes with 12 Programmable Function Keys (PFKs). These keys can be programmed to show line appearances, call appearances, speed dial, BLF (busy lamp field, DSS (direct station select), Centrex flash, headset and redial. BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

22 22 Support SIP (RFC3261), TCP/IP/UDP, RTP/RTCP, HTTP, ARP, ICMP, DNS (A record and SRV), DHCP, PPPoE, TFTP, NTP Support NAT traversal (STUN, etc), server fail-over, SIP presence (SIMPLE), and more Multiline support of up to 11 lines indicators (expandable to a few dozen more through expansion key-module) Graphical LCD to display up to 8 lines and 22 characters per line Support SIP (RFC3261), TCP/IP/UDP, RTP/RTCP, HTTP, ARP, ICMP, DNS (A record and SRV), DHCP, PPPoE, TFTP, NTP Support NAT traversal (STUN, etc), server fail-over, SIP presence (SIMPLE), and more Multiline support of up to 11 lines indicators (expandable to a few dozen more through expansion key-module) Graphical LCD to display up to 8 lines and 22 characters per line BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

23 23 Dual 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports Headset jack Support Caller ID display or block, per call or permanent Call waiting, Hold, Mute, Transfer (blind or attended), Forward, and more Multi-party conferencing Integrated Power-over-Ether (802.3af ) Dual 10/100Mbps Ethernet ports Headset jack Support Caller ID display or block, per call or permanent Call waiting, Hold, Mute, Transfer (blind or attended), Forward, and more Multi-party conferencing Integrated Power-over-Ether (802.3af ) BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

24 24 Notice the 6 outside phone lines (6x) BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

25 25 Notice the various RJ ports BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS

26 26 There are many different types of IP-PBX or VoIP systems at there that provide many of the same features that we just looked at Many of the specifications address networking protocols and standards that we will discuss in later lessons There are many different types of IP-PBX or VoIP systems at there that provide many of the same features that we just looked at Many of the specifications address networking protocols and standards that we will discuss in later lessons BASIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS


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