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Personal Safety A Class Presented by the Colorado Springs Police Department Officer Bob Harris.

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Presentation on theme: "Personal Safety A Class Presented by the Colorado Springs Police Department Officer Bob Harris."— Presentation transcript:

1 Personal Safety A Class Presented by the Colorado Springs Police Department Officer Bob Harris

2 What does the Criminal look like?

3

4 What is the most dangerous kind of criminal? The drug user? The alcoholic? The person in need of money? The self identified victim? The misguided juvenile? The mentally ill?

5 Automobile Security:

6 Automobile Security: Exiting your car Try to park in well lit areas or areas that will be well lit when you return Be aware of your surroundings, have a clear idea where your walking to Take a second to remember where your car is parked Take all personal information out of your vehicle

7 Automobile Security: Approaching your Car Keep one arm free at all times, preferably your dominate hand Keep keys in your hand ready to use Try to walk with other people out to parking lots Ask for security escort if available

8 Automobile Security: Entering your car You are most vulnerable getting in your car so try and do so quickly If someone is watching you or too close go back into the building not the car Don’t forget about the panic alarm on your keychain if you have remote keyless entry

9 Automobile Security: Dealing With Breakdowns Stay in your car Be cautious if someone stops to help “Call Police Sign” in emergency Mobile Phone and know who your going to talk to when you call 911

10 Automobile Security: Breakdown Ploys Something is wrong with your car Something wrong with their car Someone needs help (Getting flagged down) Don’t give rides to anyone Remember calling the Police is helping

11 Automobile Security: Where to pull over in an Emergency Avoid curves Put emergency flashers on Raise your hood (universal distress) Pull all the way off the road Doors locked; windows rolled up

12 Automobile Security: Getting pulled over by Police Stay In Your Car Partially Lower Your Window Request Another Officer if something looks suspicious Police should at minimum be able to provide ID Do NOT just drive away, it’s a FELONY

13 Automobile Security: Hitchhikers & Road Rage Never Pick Up! Casual Acquaintances are mostly strangers Its ok to offer help by driving to a gas station for them Give The Right-Of- Way Don’t React If situation is getting out of hand call police If being followed drive to police station and call before you get there

14 Automobile Security: Vehicle Theft Prevention Devices Steering Wheel Locks Car Alarms Kill Switches Vehicle Tracking Devices Lowjack and On-Star

15 Automobile Security: Carjacking Vulnerabilities: Parking Lots Self Service Gas Pumps Stop Lights –Drive Away Staged Accidents –Don’t Leave Your Car

16 Travel and Airline Security

17 Travel Security: Airport Security Be Vigilant Never leave your bags unattended Never accept something from a stranger Try to observe signs to know what TSA is looking for

18 Travel Security: Accommodations Security, i.e., Locks, Door Viewers, Keys Not Above The Tenth Floor, Third to Fifth Floor Recommended Name And Room Number of hotel Room Entry Ploys, Use your instinct

19 Travel Security: Traveling To A Foreign Country Excessive Cash Take A Translation Dictionary & Map Do Your Research –Culture –Laws –Crime Statistics –Phone System

20 Travel Security: Appearance Identified as a tourist American Looking Lost

21 Travel Security: Don’t Forget Back Home Mail Pick Up Periodic Inspection Remove Circulars Parked Car

22 Break time

23 Physical Security:

24 Physical Security: A.I.M. and Boundaries –Awareness ObservanceCautionAvoidance –Intuition Knowing or sensing something without the use of rational processes Rely on it to keep you out of trouble –Mindset Confident and Alert – don’t look like an easy target Pre-plan Garden of the Gods Vs. Rockrimmon example Think of how you would react to different situations. Boundaries Maintain your personal space

25 Physical Security: Locations ATM Stay Alert –Avoid loiterers –Guard PIN number Location –Well lit –Safe surroundings Look for Unusual Modifications to ATM

26 Physical Security: Elevators Push Several Floors if you need to get off fastPush Several Floors if you need to get off fast Do Not Press STOP Or Call Buttons!Do Not Press STOP Or Call Buttons! Waiting for elevators: don’t give your back to someoneWaiting for elevators: don’t give your back to someone To enter or not to enterTo enter or not to enter Look at peoples faces to be a good witnessLook at peoples faces to be a good witness

27 Physical Security: Public Transportation Know the Schedule and Arrive as Close to Departure as PossibleKnow the Schedule and Arrive as Close to Departure as Possible Wait in Well-lit AreasWait in Well-lit Areas Sit Near the Driver or an ExitSit Near the Driver or an Exit BelongingsBelongings

28 Physical Security: Other Locations Laundry Room MailboxesTrash Carry a Flashlight and Personal Protection Device as Permitted

29 Physical Security: When Lights Do Not Function Caution! Tactic of Criminals

30 Situational Awareness

31 Mental Awareness Awareness Levels--Different levels for different situations: –Low level--In the comfort of your home or other safe environment -- Moderate level--In a familiar area but surrounded by strangers –High level--In an unknown area that may be associated with crime –Extreme level--Being attacked/Fight or Flight

32 Keys to Confrontational Survival Deterrence Mental Preparedness/Conditioning Physical Awareness/Conditioning Adaptability/Will to survive

33 Deterrence: Walking/Running WalkingWalking – Always Face Oncoming Traffic – Be aware of people in vicinity and keep your head up look positive – Give adequate space to people asking directions – Wide curves for corners – Avoid walking/running alone – Ask friends to wait for you – Extra caution when leaving stores or malls – Always keep at least one hand free

34 Deterrence: Clothing Think about what type of footwear you are wearing and if you could run with them on Think about overly tight clothing that would restrict your ability to run away from an attacker or fight back Think about things items on you that could be grabbed and used to control you. (lanyards for example)

35 Deterrence: Wallets and Purses Carry only necessary items Fanny Pack Or Money belt Mugger Money Or Chump Change Decoy Wallet Dump it! “Renegade” your purse or bag

36 Reality vs. Perception Most of daily life is governed by your conscious mind. Danger can be detected from both a conscious and sub-conscious state. It’s the sub-conscious perception of danger that is most often, over-looked Sixth Sense/Woman’s Intuition/Gut Feeling

37 Mental Preparedness Mental Preparedness -- Develop a “mental” plan of action to use in the event you are confronted with certain situations. - Always look for a way out - Always look for a way out - Think ahead to what your next move might be - Absolutely commit to what your reaction will be ahead of time - Know ahead of time what you are capable of and what you can live with Reaction Options – –Comply and be passive –Call attention to the situation to try to get help/Verbal stunning techniques –Run –Fight Only YOU can determine what your reaction option will be: However the one exception, universally accepted, is never be forced into a car or vehicle, your chance of being killed goes up about 80% if you do However the one exception, universally accepted, is never be forced into a car or vehicle, your chance of being killed goes up about 80% if you do

38 Mental Conditioning Prepare yourself for what an attack will have on you psychologically and physically Develop a mental awareness training exercises (scanning) so you can better recognize danger Know the human condition, 80% of the world is right hand dominate, most attacks will come from the right side, exceptions are Boxers Survival instinct is one of the strongest human responses, believe in yourself and your ability to overcome anything.

39 Conscious vs. Sub-Conscious mind In high stress situations your conscious mind shuts down and you operate from your sub-conscious mind. Your sub-conscious mind operates on very basic and primal instincts but can calculate things at a high rate. The only way to avoid doing what comes naturally is to plan ahead and train

40 Who is this?

41 Aron Lee Ralston May 2003 was hiking in Blue John Canyon near Moab, Utah A boulder fell on his right forearm trapping it After 6 days of trying to free himself from the boulder he decided to free himself He broke both his radius and ulna bones then using a multiuse tool, cut his own arm off Was rescued while hiking the 8 miles back to his truck

42 Break time

43 Adaptability and the will to Survive Everyone has the will to survive, everyone can do heroic things when no other choice is available Those who are most apt to survive a major incident like these have the ability to access the situation and adapt to it

44 Physical Awareness Think strategically about your surrounds and how you can use them to your advantage (terrain, car keys, pens and pencils, buildings etc.) Think in terms of what your abilities are vs. what your opponents abilities might be Look for a moment of high opportunity to make your attack or to start running. Remember that if fighting or running is not an option be a GOOD WITNESS

45 Physical Awareness: Fight or Flight Originally discovered by Harvard Psychologist Walter Cannon This is our body’s primitive, automatic, inborn response to stressful situations such as being attacked or scared Also known as an “adrenaline dump” This is your body allowing you to fight or flee from danger

46 Adrenaline and its effects on the human body (Positives) Heart rate increases Breathing increases Blood is diverted from digestive tract and sent to muscle groups needed to fight or flee. Your pupils dilate Awareness intensifies Sight and Hearing abilities increase while touch and feeling (pain response) decreases

47 Adrenaline and its effects on the human body (Negatives) Doesn’t last long: 45 seconds to a minute on average During the course of Fight or Flight, rational thought is difficult to maintain. Must fight through the impulse to “freeze up” Tunnel vision often occurs When over a feeling of fatigue, nausea, panic, heavy arms and legs, inability to think clearly can become a factor

48 How to best use the Fight or Flight response Prepare for what you are going to do prior to being attacked Start with “Cleansing Breath”, in through the noise to 100% full breath, hold 2-3 seconds then exhale Control your breathing, in through the nose and out through the mouth, controlled breaths of about 75%-80% lung capacity This human response does NOT make you superhuman, just increases what abilities you already have.

49 Physical Conditioning Know what your physical abilities are and how to best utilize them in a physical confrontation Maintain a level of physical fitness that will assist you defending yourself (Self Defense Courses or Martial Arts Classes) You would prepare for a test or a big presentation, why not prepare for getting attacked?

50 Physical Conditioning: Physical Training LocateInvestigate –Establish Your Goals –Observe a Class –Demographics –Physical Requirements/Learning Curve –Finances –Martial Arts Classes vs. Self Defense Courses Commitment –Skill Development Takes Time –Continual Practice

51 Martial Arts Instruction Pros and Cons Pros: Development of skills over time Always someone to practice with Added benefit of physical fitness *Muscle Memory* Cons: Difficulty in finding time for classes, testing, competition Cost can be significant….hidden fees Physical demands and injury must be considered

52 Self Defense Course Pros and Cons Pros: Short Term Practice Cost Effective Easier to find time for Generally less physically demanding Cons: No long term development of skills No Muscle Memory Large impersonal classes No development of physical fitness

53 Physical Conditioning: Reaction time Can vary by age, sex and stimuli General Human reaction time can vary between.50 sec to 1.50 sec If a confrontation is broken into segments then the defender, not the attacker, has the advantage Quick reaction time bypasses common logical thinking and is replaced by instinct, training, and muscle memory

54 Personal Protection Devices: Alarms and Mace Personal Alarms –Battery Powered –Loud Noise –Activated By Button Or Pin Tear Gas –Chemical Irritant –Mace: Trademarked Name for CN Tear Gas Carry On Body/Belongings

55 Personal Protection Device: Pepper Spray Natural, Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) Derived from Peppers Various Forms (sprays, foams streams) Instant Effect- More Effective Than Mace Strengths Vary Affects Breathing And Sight For Minutes Safety And Expiration Date Familiarity Course & Practice Laws & Liability

56 Personal Defense: Batons & Electric Stun Guns Batons –Sizes –Training –Practice Stun Guns –Close Contact –Illegal In some states, not in Colorado –Liability

57 Taser Civilian Model Available in multiple colors Cost $300-$400 depending on model Like a gun must practice or its useless Will have an upkeep cost….i.e. batteries and replacement cartridges Know the laws your state Taser International will replace your unit for free if its lost while using to defend against attacker

58 Personal Security: Other Devices Whistles Lemon Juice (less effective than Pepper Spray) Keys Pens, Hatpins Common objects near at hand

59 Personal Defense: Firearms Seek Certified Instruction NRA-3888 Know The Firearm Laws For Your State and seek legal advise if you have questions. If you get a gun learn to use it

60 Colorado Law: Use of physical force in defense of a person. Use of physical force in defense of a person. (1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, a person is justified in using physical force upon another person in order to defend himself or a third person from what he reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person, and he may use a degree of force which he reasonably believes to be necessary for that purpose. (1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, a person is justified in using physical force upon another person in order to defend himself or a third person from what he reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person, and he may use a degree of force which he reasonably believes to be necessary for that purpose. (2) Deadly physical force may be used only if a person reasonably believes a lesser degree of force is inadequate and: (a) The actor has reasonable ground to believe, and does believe, that he or another person is in imminent danger of being killed or of receiving great bodily injury; or (b) The other person is using or reasonably appears about to use physical force against an occupant of a dwelling or business establishment while committing or attempting to commit burglary as defined in sections to ; or

61 Colorado Law - Continued (4) In a case in which the defendant is not entitled to a jury instruction regarding self-defense as an affirmative defense, the court shall allow the defendant to present evidence, when relevant, that he or she was acting in self-defense. If the defendant presents evidence of self- defense, the court shall instruct the jury with a self- defense law instruction. The court shall instruct the jury that it may consider the evidence of self-defense in determining whether the defendant acted recklessly, with extreme indifference, or in a criminally negligent manner. However, the self-defense law instruction shall not be an affirmative defense instruction and the prosecuting attorney shall not have the burden of disproving self- defense. This section shall not apply to strict liability crimes.

62 Colorado Law Limitation on local ordinances regarding firearms in private vehicles Limitation on local ordinances regarding firearms in private vehicles. (1) The general assembly hereby finds that: (1) The general assembly hereby finds that: (a) A person carrying a weapon in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance for hunting or for lawful protection of such person's or another's person or property, as permitted in sections (2) (b) and (3) (c), may tend to travel within a county, city and county, or municipal jurisdiction or in or through different county, city and county, and municipal jurisdictions, en route to the person's destination; (b) Inconsistent laws exist in local jurisdictions with regard to the circumstances under which weapons may be carried in automobiles and other private means of conveyance; (c) This inconsistency creates a confusing patchwork of laws that unfairly subjects a person who lawfully travels with a weapon to criminal penalties because he or she travels within a jurisdiction or into or through another jurisdiction; ( (2) (a) Based on the findings specified in subsection (1) of this section, the general assembly concludes that the carrying of weapons in private automobiles or other private means of conveyance for hunting or for lawful protection of a person's or another's person or property while traveling into, through, or within, a municipal, county, or city and county jurisdiction, regardless of the number of times the person stops in a jurisdiction, is a matter of statewide concern and is not an offense.

63 Use of deadly physical force against an intruder Use of deadly physical force against an intruder (1) The general assembly hereby recognizes that the citizens of Colorado have a right to expect absolute safety within their own homes. (1) The general assembly hereby recognizes that the citizens of Colorado have a right to expect absolute safety within their own homes. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of section , any occupant of a dwelling is justified in using any degree of physical force, including deadly physical force, against another person when that other person has made an unlawful entry into the dwelling, and when the occupant has a reasonable belief that such other person has committed a crime in the dwelling in addition to the uninvited entry, or is committing or intends to commit a crime against a person or property in addition to the uninvited entry, and when the occupant reasonably believes that such other person might use any physical force, no matter how slight, against any occupant

64 Use of deadly physical force against an intruder Use of deadly physical force against an intruder (Part 2) Use of deadly physical force against an intruder (3) Any occupant of a dwelling using physical force, including deadly physical force, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2) shall be immune from criminal prosecution for the use of such force. (4) Any occupant of a dwelling using physical force, including deadly physical force, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2) of this section shall be immune from any civil liability for injuries or death resulting from the use of such force.

65 Where to go for help in Colorado Springs Police/Fire Emergency: 911 Police Non-Emergency: Tessa Crisis Line: (719) RAINN (Rape, Abuse, Incest National Network) Hotline: HOPE Pikes Peak Mental Health: Suicide Prevention Partnership:

66 Knowledge of Colorado Law Is it legal to walk downtown Colorado Springs with a gun concealed without a permit? NO Is it legal to walk downtown Colorado Springs with loaded gun displayed on your hip, not concealed? YES Is it legal to have a concealed weapon in your car without a permit? YES If someone attacks you without a weapon are you allowed to defend yourself? YES What about defending someone else who is getting attacked can you defend them? YES Do you have to do anything different in defending yourself if you’re a trained fighter…ie black belt in martial arts? NO Are Stun Guns and Tasers legal to carry in Colorado? YES Knives greater than a 6inch blade legal to carry in Colorado? NO Pepper spray legal to carry in Colorado? YES In your home, if someone enters and threatens to hurt you or your family/friends can you shoot them? YES In your Friend’s Home, if someone enters and threatens to hurt your friend can you shoot them? YES Does anything change if you’re in an RV/Apartment/Hotel or other occupied dwelling? NO Does anything change if you’re in an RV/Apartment/Hotel or other occupied dwelling? NO

67 Questions?


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