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The Ibis model as a paradigm for programming distributed systems Henri Bal Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (from Grids and Clouds to Smartphones)

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Presentation on theme: "The Ibis model as a paradigm for programming distributed systems Henri Bal Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (from Grids and Clouds to Smartphones)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Ibis model as a paradigm for programming distributed systems Henri Bal Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (from Grids and Clouds to Smartphones)

2 Outline ● History of distributed systems ● Clusters, grids, clouds, networked world ● Programming distributed systems ● Driving applications ● The Ibis system ● Ibis on smartphones

3 History of the Distributed World – Part I (1980s) ● Networks of Workstations (NOWs) ● Collections of Workstations (COWs) ● Processor pools (Amoeba) ● Condor pools ● (Beowulf) clusters

4 Amoeba processor pool (Zoo, 1994)

5 History of the (more) Distributed World – Part II ● Metacomputing (Smarr & Catlett, CACM 1992) ● Flocking Condor (Epema, FGCS 1996) ● Distributed ASCI Supercomputer (1996 – ?) ● Grid Blueprint (Foster & Kesselmann 1998) ● Desktop grids, (1999)

6 Design of DAS (1996) DAS-1DAS-2DAS-3 DAS-4 (slide from Andy’s ASCI’97 presentation)

7 DAS-3DAS-3

8 A real (heterogeneous) Grid

9 History of the (Modern) Distributed World – Part III ● Cloud computing ● Infrastructure as a service ● Virtualization ● Mobile computing ● Sensor networks ● Smart phones ● The Networked World

10 Problem ● How to write high-performance applications for real-world distributed systems? ● How to integrate many different resources?

11 Our approach ● Study fundamental underlying problems ● … hand-in-hand with realistic applications ● … integrate solutions in one system: Ibis Distributed SystemsUser !

12 Fundamental problems ● Performance – efficiency on wide-area systems ● Heterogeneity – different systems & APIs ● Malleability – resources come and go ● Fault tolerance - crashes ● Connectivity – firewalls, NAT, etc. ● Security – very hard

13 Case study: spam filters #1 Dutch Computer scientist Top security-expert CONGRATULATIONS!! YOU HAVE WON 2.5 MEURO!! Dear prof. Tanenbaum, You may not know me, but I’d like to give you 2.5 Million Euro to do research. Please come to Brussels to collect the money. Yours sincerely, Mr. V.I. Person

14 Applications ● Scientific applications ● Imaging (VUMC, AMOLF) ● Bioinformatics (sequence analysis, cell modeling) ● Astronomy (data analysis challenge) ● Multimedia content analysis ● Games and model checking ● Semantic web (distributed reasoning)

15 Multimedia content analysis ● Automatically extract information from images & video ● Extract feature vectors from images ● Describe properties (color, shape) ● Data-parallel task on a cluster ● Compute on consecutive images ● Task-parallelism on a grid

16 MMCA ‘ Most Visionary Research’ award at AAAI 2007, (Frank Seinstra et al.)

17 Games and Model Checking ● Can solve entire Awari game on wide-area DAS-3 ● Needs 10G private optical network (StarPlane) ● Distributed model checking has very similar communication pattern ● Search huge state spaces, random work distribution, bulk asynchronous transfers ● Can efficiently run DeVinE model checker on wide- area DAS-3, use up to 1 TB memory

18 Awards SCALE 2008 DACH BS DACH FT AAAI-VC 2007 ISWC 2008 Multimedia Computing Astronomy Semantic Web (van Harmelen et al.)

19 Outline ● History of distributed systems ● Clusters, grids, clouds, networked world ● Programming distributed systems ● Driving applications ● The Ibis system ● Ibis on smartphones

20 Ibis Philosophy ● Real-world distributed applications should be developed and compiled on a local workstation, and simply be launched from there

21 Ibis Approach ● Virtual Machines (Java) deal with heterogeneity ● Provide range of programming abstractions ● Designed for dynamic/faulty environments ● Easy deployment through middleware- independent programming interfaces ● Modular and flexible: can replace Ibis components by external ones

22 Ibis Design ● Functionality from programming languages ● High-Performance Application Programming System ● Functionality from operating systems ● Distributed Application Deployment System

23 Ibis System

24 Programming system ● Programming models: ● Message passing (RMI, MPJ) ● Divide-and-conquer (Satin) ● Master-worker (Maestro) ● Jorus: (multimedia applications) ● IPL (Ibis Portability Layer) ● Java-centric “run-anywhere” library ● Point-to-point, multicast, streaming, …. ● Simple model (Join-Elect-Leave ) for tracking resources, supports malleability & fault-tolerance

25 SmartSockets library ● Detects connectivity problems ● Tries to solve them automatically ● With as little help from the user as possible ● Integrates existing and several new solutions ● Reverse connection setup, STUN, TCP splicing, SSH tunneling, smart addressing, etc. ● Uses network of hubs as a side channel

26 Example

27

28 Deployment system ● IbisDeploy GUI ● JavaGAT: ● Java Grid Application Toolkit ● Make applications independent of underlying middleware ● Zorilla P2P system ● Jobs management, gossiping, clustering, flood scheduling

29 ● Runs simultaneously on clusters (DAS-3, Japan, Australia), Desktop Grid, Amazon EC2 Cloud ● Connectivity problems solved automatically by Ibis SmartSockets Multimedia Content Analysis Client Broker Servers Ibis (Java)

30 Connection management With SmartSockets: run everywhere Standard sockets: only local VU machines can be reached due to firewalls problems

31 Ibis movie (part 1)

32 Performance on 1 DAS-3 cluster ● Relative speedups of Java/Ibis and C++/MPI ● Using TCP or Myricom’s MX protocol ● Sequential performance Java: 80% of C++

33 Ibis Performance (wide area) ● Wide-area DAS: ● Frame-rate increases linearly with #clusters from 1 frame/sec to 4 frames/sec ● World-wide experiments: 22 frames/sec

34 Smart Phones ● GSM + PC + GPS + camera + networks + …. ● Location-aware ● What if everyone always carries a smart phone (like a GSM now)? ● Next wave in computing?

35 Ibis on Smart Phones ● Our focus: distributed smart phone applications ● Applications running on multiple phones ● Integration with distributed computing backbone ● Use Android for development ● Google’s open-source platform ● Java-based

36 Distributed applications ● Disaster management (Katrina) ● Use ad-hoc Wifi network when GSM network fails ● Finding nearby people with certain skills ● Bus drivers, CPR ● Distributed decision support ● Moving people to shelters (logistics) ● Social networks ● Similar issues ● Find nearby friends, decide on restaurant

37 Wild example ● Track position => automatic diary of your life ● Cross-comparisons between diaries Haven’t we met before? Yes, on 23 Oct 2010, 3.48 pm at N 52°22.688´ E 004°53.990´

38 eyeDentify ● Object recognition on a G1 smartphone ● Smartphone is a limited device: ● Can run only 64 x 48 pixels (memory bound) ● 1024 x 768 pixels would take 5 minutes ● Distributed Ibis version: + = x 768 pixels 2.0 seconds

39 Ibis movie (part 2)

40 Interdroid Distributed Communication Data Management Novel Mobile Distributed Applications Context Sensitive Programming Models

41 Current work ● Raven: API for Viable Episodic Networking ● Decentralized synchronization API ● Fine grained control over data sharing ● Bluetooth support for ad-hoc communication ● Discovery of devices using multiple networks ● Context Aware Programming Models ● Supporting distributed decision making ● Representing and using context (location etc.) ● Exploiting social relationships (Hyves, Facebook)

42 Summary ● It’s a wild (distributed) world

43 Acknowledgements Niels Drost Ceriel Jacobs Roelof Kemp Timo van Kessel Thilo Kielmann Jason Maassen Rob van Nieuwpoort Nick Palmer Kees van Reeuwijk Frank J. Seinstra Kees Verstoep Gosia Wrzesinska

44 Big Acknowledgement Andy

45 Questions?


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