PLAGIARISM: THE CUT AND PASTE GENERATION April Faculty Meeting
What is plagiarism? According to Webster’s dictionary, plagiarismplagiarism is…
Do you think it’s happening in your classroom? According to the website Plagiarism.orgPlagiarism.org “Recent studies indicate that approximately 30 percent of all students may be plagiarizing on every written assignment they complete.” “A national survey published in Education Week found: -54% of students admitted to plagiarizing from the internet; -74% of students admitted that at least once during the past school year they had engaged in "serious" cheating; -47% of students believe their teachers sometimes choose to ignore students who are cheating.”
South Middle School’s Plagiarism Policy Let’s take a look at our current school policy…policy At the beginning of every year, students and parents are required to sign and return this form to the English department. It is located on South Middle’s website if you’d like to further review the policy.
Intentional vs. Unintentional Even though the students are aware that intentionally plagiarizing is against school policy, students and parents need to know that unintentional plagiarism is just as serious. Unintentional plagiarism usually results from poor note-taking, lack of paraphrasing skills and not knowing how to properly cite sources.
Prevention is easier than prosecution Redesigning projects/assignments Emphasizing and repeated practice of note- taking and paraphrasing skills Checkpoints Emphasis on avoiding plagiarism as a life- long skill –Examples of real life situations/consequences Want to be scared?
HPP vs. LPP High Probability of Plagiarism –Does not emphasize higher level thinking Requires only facts, not analysis Often starts with “tell about…” –Generic, lack relevance to student –All information can be retrieved from a single source Luscre, Anthony. Technology Ethics, 2010
HPP vs. LPP Low Probability of Plagiarism –Stress higher level thinking skills/creativity Use terms such as: compare, contrast, evaluate, effects of, interpret, document, etc. –Involves a variety of information finding activities/sources Luscre, Anthony. Technology Ethics, 2010
HPP vs. LPP Low Probability of Plagiarism –Gives students choices/relevant to students life –Can be collaborative –Include a technological element (ie. Graph, video, photos, etc.) Luscre, Anthony. Technology Ethics, 2010
HPP vs. LPP Utilize formats that use multiple senses Provide students with a rubric detailing performance and expectations Luscre, Anthony. Technology Ethics, 2010
Examples of HPP vs. LPP HPP –My research is about an assigned animal. –My research is about an assigned state. –My research is about any subject of my choosing, I do not need to accomplish a specific task with my report. (research questions not defined) Luscre, Anthony. Technology Ethics, 2010 LPP –How can our school stop the growth of the population of unwanted and abandoned pets in our community? –How might middle schools change or enhance their curricula to better prepare students for the challenges of our digital world? –My research draws conclusions, weighs possible solutions and describes potential actions.
Note-taking and Paraphrasing Don’t assume students have these skills Need to be practiced and implemented into many different lessons Encourage students to take responsibility once these methods have been taught Use the library as a resource!!
Checkpoints Ask students to hand in pieces of the project/assignment at different times. If plagiarism is suspected at the checkpoints, address it as a learning opportunity and give student a chance to correct mistakes. May create more work for the teacher but the end result will be of higher quality and the likelihood of plagiarism will be much lower.
Why do I need to know this? Use real life examples to prove to students that this is a serious subject. –NY Times journalist, Jayson Blair, was accused and found guilty of plagiarizing from another journalist’s story. He was forced to resign from the newspaper. –Harvard student, Kaavya Viswanathan, was accused of plagiarizing in her novel, How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild, and Got a Life. She lost her publishing contract and all copies of her book were destroyed.
Help control the pet population. Have your pets spayed or neutered!