Presentation on theme: "Yuko’s Story Spack studied the integration of ‘Yuko’ over 3 years as she adapted to the needs of an American university Yuko had a TOEFL score of 640 (more."— Presentation transcript:
Yuko’s Story Spack studied the integration of ‘Yuko’ over 3 years as she adapted to the needs of an American university Yuko had a TOEFL score of 640 (more than IELTS 7.0), which is higher than the entry requirements for virtually every UK university She had also spent one year at an American high school as an exchange student She was determined to succeed and was attracted by American educational methods
Yuko’s Story In her first year she did not complete some courses and had several difficulties, for example: –she was not able to read quickly enough –was unused to writing long assignments –had little experience of independent learning In discussion groups she was intimidated by native- speakers, took a long time to formulate her contributions She partly attributed her difficulties to a lack of background knowledge in areas such as American history
Yuko’s Story In the second year she developed better survival strategies: –faster ‘reading for gist’ techniques –skipping passages She was still at times overwhelmed by both the amount and the complexity of readings – particularly when they were argumentative rather than factual She felt less guilty when deciding not to study every section of every course Criticised herself when her strategies avoided being critical – which she identified as the American way of learning
Yuko’s Story In the third year her confidence developed She collaborated better with other students Was selective in her reading Was more confident to be critical of readings Noticed that the other students sometimes did not understand ‘I used to open some reading and the printed words used to scare me and that doesn’t happen anymore’
Yuko’s Story According to Spack Yuko let go of four myths: Good students grasp meaning the first time they read Good students understand every word of every reading assignment Good students read everything assigned Good students read everything on schedule
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