Presentation on theme: "Criminal Justice System Unit 4: Judicial Branch Criminal Justice System Three Parts:Three Parts: Police Courts Correction s"— Presentation transcript:
Criminal Justice System Unit 4: Judicial Branch
Criminal Justice System Three Parts:Three Parts: Police Courts Correction s
Police Local State Federal Sheriff or town Police –Preserving order, enforcing court orders, and patrolling areas Police or Highway Patrol –Patrol Highways and enforcing state laws FBI, ATF, Marshals –Enforcing federal laws and assisting local authorities. ries/courtsand%20police/calif- highway-patrol.jpg
Arrest sArrest s Arrest Warrant Decide Level of Force Reading of Rights –Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)– Counsel if Cannot Afford –Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)- Counsel Present During Questioning –Miranda v. Arizona (1966)– Miranda Warnings
Courts Plea Bargaining –90% of convictions are obtained through a plea bargain
United Learning. "Part One: The Trial." Discovery Education:
Corrections Probation Imprisonmen t Guilty of an offense –but remain free under supervision –60% of all persons convicted of crimes Supervision under confined conditions –Prisons – State/federal institutions serve a year or more (Felonies) –Jail – County/local institutions where await trial or serve less than one year (misdemeanors)
Parole Capital Punishment Early release from prison. Parole Board – Determines if and when a prisoner will be released Death Penalty(36 States) hamberofdeath_wideweb__470x321,0.jpg
Juvenil e Crime Young offenders, ranging from under 16 to 21 depending on the state
Amendments 4 th 5 th 6 th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. Protects the rights of accused persons, Due Process Provides the right to a speedy, fair trial
7 th 8 th 11 th 14 th Provides the right to a fair trial by a jury in civil suits Prohibits excessive bail and fines, prohibits cruel and unusual punishment Lawsuits against States legal Protects the rights of accused persons, Due Process
U.S. Executions Since ,064 convicted murderers have been executedSince the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, 1,064 convicted murderers have been executed in the United States. (As of March, 2007) 11 were femaleOf those executed, 11 were female. (The last was Frances Elaine Newton in Texas on September 14, 2005). 22 were under the age of 18 at the time of the murderOf those executed, 22 were under the age of 18 at the time of the murder. (The last was Scott Allen Hain in Oklahoma on April 3, 2003). (58%) were white(34%) were blackOf those executed, 613 (58%) were white and 367 (34%) were black. (84%)lethal injection 153 were executed by electric chair 11 were executed by gas chamber 3 were executed by hanging 2 were executed by firing squadOf those executed: 895 (84%) were executed by lethal injection, including 409 of the last 413 executions. 153 were executed by electric chair (The last was Brandon Hedrick in Virginia on July 20, 2006). 11 were executed by gas chamber (The last was Walter LeGrand in Arizona on March 3, 1999). 3 were executed by hanging (The last was Billy Bailey in Delaware on January 25, 1996). 2 were executed by firing squad (The last was John Albert Taylor in Utah on January 27, 1996). 32 different statesExecutions were held in 32 different states: 385 (36%) were in Texas and 17 were in Indiana. There are currently 3,344 on death row. Only 50 are women. After suspending executions in Illinois, this is one of the reasons Gov. Ryan gave.
Lethal injection was originally proposed as a means of execution in 1888 in New York, but the state chose electrocution instead. In 1977, Oklahoma became the first state to adopt lethal-injection legislation. Five years later, Texas performed the first execution by lethal injection. Of the 37 U.S. states that have a death penalty, 34 use lethal injection as the primary form of execution. The U.S. federal government and the U.S. military also use lethal injection.
States where the death penalty is illegal States where the death penalty is legal Top 5 death-penalty states, accounting for 66% of all U.s. executions since 1976 States with the death penalty on the books but no executions since 1976 New Mexico became the latest State to ban capital punishment. 37 people were executed in the U.S. in 2008, the most in the world, after China, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.
State Used from/to No. electrocuted Alabama Arkansas Connecticut Dist. of Columbia Florida Georgia Illinois Indiana Kentucky Louisiana Massachusetts Mississippi Nebraska New jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania South Carolina South Dakota19471 Tennessee Texas Vermont Virginia West Virginia Total , – 2006 During the period 1977 – 2006 a further 151 men & 2 women have been electrocuted in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Nebraska, SC, and Virginia. Grand total ,461 Electrocution by state Florida’s new oak electric chair-1998