Presentation on theme: "As His Name Is, So Is He! Read the definition of a name (L14) and discuss with your neighbors: 1) What does a name describe? 2) A name often expresses."— Presentation transcript:
As His Name Is, So Is He!
Read the definition of a name (L14) and discuss with your neighbors: 1) What does a name describe? 2) A name often expresses approval or disapproval. Does the name “Helen” suggest any? What about “ 卜世仁 ” ？ 3) Translation. 1) A name describes what characteristic a person or thing has. 1) A name describes what characteristic a person or thing has. 2) The girl’s parents may expect their daughter to be a beauty. “ 卜世仁 ” may suggest “not human” or “cruel” in Chinese—the readers must hate him. 3) “ 表达某种特点的一个或几个字，这种特点被认为反映了人 或物的本质，或描写说明了人或物，常常表示嘉许或不赞同 ” 。
…, we are all guilty of name stereotyping… Confess: Wouldn't you be surprised…? … A Pope Mel? Often, we project name-based stereotypes on people, … (L 38) 1) What’s name stereotyping/name-based stereotype? 2) Do most people think Bertha suits a physicist? 3) Translation. 1) Form a fixed idea about things or people only by the suggestion of their names. 1) Form a fixed idea about things or people only by the suggestion of their names. 2) No, they do not. Otherwise, they would not be surprised when they meet one. 2) No, they do not. Otherwise, they would not be surprised when they meet one. 3) 在某种程度上我们都犯有以名取人的毛病。老实 承认吧：难道你遇到一个叫奈杰儿的木匠时你不 感到惊讶？遇到一个叫伯莎的物理学家或是梅尔 教皇呢？我们常常把由名字引起的看法强加到他 人身上 ······ 3) 在某种程度上我们都犯有以名取人的毛病。老实 承认吧：难道你遇到一个叫奈杰儿的木匠时你不 感到惊讶？遇到一个叫伯莎的物理学家或是梅尔 教皇呢？我们常常把由名字引起的看法强加到他 人身上 ······
A A Questions Answering Questions Answering Good Names, Bad Names Good Names, Bad Names Text learning Text organization Text organization Summary Summary
How is the text organized? — The first part introduces the topic—importance of names. (Para.1-3) The second explains positive and negative effects of names on life. (Para.4-7) The third concludes the necessity of changing names. (Para.8)
Questions Answering substitute her middle name for … 1. According to the woman, what helps her get the publishing job? (Para. 1 － 3) >>>
former waitress 2. What did she do before she got the job? (Para. 1 － 3) >>>
add self-confidence to talents 3. Why can the name change make the difference? (Para. 1 － 3) >>>
average Joe; not qualified to be … 4. Which name bothers the art critic a lot? Jane, Joe, Arthur or Adrian? Why? Why? (Para. 4) >>>
ill at ease; turn down a blind date with him because of his name 5.What did the woman feel when she knew the impressive man was Harry? Why? (Para. 5) >>>
Julian: active Rory: quiet and thoughtful 6.What’s the personality of Julian? What about Rory ? (Para. 6) >>>
7. Why do some students do better than others? (Para. 7) >>> appealing names
II. Good Names, Bad Names MichaelMichael HarryHarry DavidDavid LindaLinda ElmerElmer DebbieDebbie CindyCindy LynneLynne HubertHubert DianeDiane —Find out 4 less appealing names.
MichaelMichael Harry DavidDavid LindaLinda CindyCindy Debbie Elmer LynneLynne Hubert DianeDiane Good Names, Bad Names
Summary The passage reveals the relationship between _____________________________. Names can greatly affect people’s life. On the one hand, good names give people more______________, establish ____________ ___________and promote_____________. On the other hand, names result in ____________ against people both in their _________________________ and in _________________. So if your name doesn’t suit you, you should change it as soon as possible. one’s personality and one’s name self-confidence favorable imagessocial status prejudices daily contacts with others classroom activities
New words New words Text learning
1.feel like doing sth. (L3) have a wish for have a wish for e.g. e.g. Do you feel like taking a holiday now? Key Key Do you feel like a cup of coffee? Word Using Translation Translation 想来杯咖啡吗？
2. substitute … for … (L5) 2. substitute … for … (L5) 以 …… 代替 …… 以 …… 代替 …… e.g. They didn't like rice, so we substitute bread for rice. Key They are substituting violence for dialogue. Translation 他们正以暴力取代对话。
3. be characteristic of (L16) forming or showing the character of forming or showing the character of e.g. e.g. Rainy days are characteristic of June. Key Many old houses are characteristic of the small town. Translation 这座小镇的特色是有很多老房子。 *characteristic n. special mark or quality What characteristics separate English from American ？ 英国人和美国人的性格有何不同？
4. approve of (L18) agree on e.g. e.g. Parents approved of what we were doing. Parents approved of what we were doing. Key Key Her father will never approve of her Her father will never approve of her marriage to you. marriage to you. Translation Translation 她父亲永远不会同意她和你结婚。
5. turn down (L34) refuse e.g. e.g. Why was I turned down for the job? Is it because I’m a woman? Answer Answer He was turned down because... He was turned down because... Question Question Why was he turned down Why was he turned down by the Student Union? by the Student Union?
6. at ease (L37) comfortable, without worry comfortable, without worry e.g. — His legs were nervous, but his mind was at ease. — She was ill at ease with strangers. Key Key The news set her heart at ease. Translation Translation 这消息使她安心了。
7. be guilty of (L39) 1) feel uncomfortable for wrong-doings 1) feel uncomfortable for wrong-doings e.g. e.g. I feel guilty of not having written to you. Key Key I was guilty of not being able to help you. Translation Translation 没能帮上忙，我感到很内疚。
7. be guilty of (L39) 2) have done … wrong 2) have done … wrong e.g. e.g. He was guilty of an important false judgment. Key Key He was guilty of murder. Translation Translation 他犯有谋杀罪。
8. to … extent (L39) 在 …… 程度上, 到 …… 程度； 在 …… 程度上, 到 …… 程度； e.g. e.g. I agree with what he said to some extent. Key Key To what extent can you believe him? Translation Translation 你相信他到什么程度？
Translate the following sentences into English by using the words and expressions we have learned in this reading passage. And write them down in your exercise-books. After-class task One
1. 和过去相比，今天的年轻人一旦不喜欢目前的工作，他们享有更 多的机会选择自己喜爱的工作。 feel like (L. 3) 2. 由于主力队员的意外受伤，教练只好用替补队员来代替他。 substitute A for B (L. 5) 3. 起初，没有人把她放在眼里，然而她完美的表演使所有的评委大 为惊叹。 take sth./sb. seriously (L. 7) 4. 无可否认，最终的胜利与他们的精诚团结与合作密不可分。 attach... to … (L. 24) 5. 尽管申请屡次遭到拒绝，但她从不放弃。这使那位老板深为感动， 最终还是把机会给了她。 turn down (L. 34) 6. 初次参加如此庄重而又盛大的晚会，她感到有点不自在。 be ill at ease (L. 37) 7. 面对剧增的青少年犯罪，该怪谁？家庭？学校？事实上，整个社 会对此都有罪责. be guilty of … (L. 39)
After-class task II: whether you are satisfied with your name or not. Explain your name to the class and tell them whether you are satisfied with your name or not. Have you ever thought about changing your name into a more attractive one? Have you ever thought about changing your name into a more attractive one? Why? Why not? Why? Why not?
After-class task III: Search the web-pages and find a suitable English name for yourself or your classmate. Remember “ Name not only identifies but also describes ”. Rose Jack Jack Tom Roy May Sue
Want a good name? Visit: 1.www.kabalarians.com/index.htm 2.www.behindthename.com
Finish post-reading exercises Finish post-reading exercisesAssignmentsAssignments Learn section A carefully Learn section A carefully