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Nicole Huang C H A P T E R AFL@NFU 2005 Fall© 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. 2 Ethics and Public Speaking
Slide 2 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Ethics The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
Slide 3 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Ethical Decisions Weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines.
Slide 4 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Guidelines for Ethical Speaking Make sure your goals are ethically sound Be fully prepared for each speech Be honest in what you say Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language Put ethical principles into practice
Slide 5 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Name-Calling The use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups.
Slide 6 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Plagiarism Presenting another person’s language or ideas as one’s own.
Slide 7 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Types of Plagiarism Global plagiarism Patchwork plagiarism Incremental plagiarism
Slide 8 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Global Plagiarism Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own.
Slide 9 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Patchwork Plagiarism Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own.
Slide 10 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Incremental Plagiarism Failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
Slide 11 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Plagiarism and the Internet Cite sources when using Internet materials Take careful research notes
Slide 12 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Guidelines for Ethical Listening Be courteous and attentive Avoid prejudging the speaker Maintain the free and open expression of ideas
Slide 13 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q1:For his informative speech, Douglas told his classmates how to get free food at a drive-through restaurant. Rather than focusing on legitimate deals, such as student discounts or coupons, Douglas talked about ways to trick employees into believing you had already paid for food when you had not. His instructor gave the speech a poor grade because it violated the ethical criteria for public speaking presented in your textbook. The major guideline Douglas violated was: a.Be fully prepared for each speech. b. Make sure your goals are ethically sound. c.Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language. d.Adapt to your audience’s frame of reference. e.Avoid plagiarism.
Slide 14 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q2: Tanya went to the beach instead of staying in town and working on her speech. When she realized how soon the speech was due, she asked a friend who had already taken public speaking to loan her an old outline, which she used verbatim for her class speech. Which of the following statements best describes Tanya’s actions? a.Tanya should have planned better, but she isn’t guilty of plagiarism b.Tanya is guilty of global plagiarism. c. Tanya is guilty of patchwork plagiarism. d.Tanya is ethical if she cites the friend whose speech she used. e.Tanya is guilty of incremental plagiarism.
Slide 15 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q3: Ryan Tompkins located three excellent sources for his persuasive speech. He copied long sections from each source word for word, strung them together with a few transitions, and mentioned the sources of his information in passing. Which of the following statements best describes Ryan’s situation? a.Ryan is ethical because he did research for his speech. b.Ryan is guilty of global plagiarism. c.Ryan is guilty of patchwork plagiarism. d.Ryan is ethical because he mentioned the sources of his information. e.Ryan is guilty of incremental plagiarism
Slide 16 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q4:Jerome found several excellent sources for his informative speech. He pulled key information from them, blended those ideas into his own perspective, and cited his sources when he presented the speech. Which of the following statements best describes this situation? a.Jerome is ethical because he cited his sources and used them to develop his own slant on the topic. b.Jerome is guilty of incremental plagiarism because he used quotations and paraphrases from other people in his speech. c.Jerome is ethical because he did not copy his speech from a single source. d.Jerome is guilty of patchwork plagiarism because he used ideas from several different sources in his speech. e.Jerome is guilty of global plagiarism because he did not develop his speech entirely from his own knowledge and experience.
Slide 17 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q5: In his persuasive speech, Jack argued that the category “sexual orientation” should be added to his state’s civil rights law. Most of Jeremy’s classmates listened carefully to his argument. Some were persuaded, while others continued to believe that the current system was justified. Two audience members disagreed so strongly with Jeremy that instead of listening, they wrote notes back and forth to each other throughout the speech. Which of the following statements best describes the issues of ethical listening involved in this situation? a. Everyone in the class was an ethical listener because no one interrupted Jeremy or prevented him from speaking. b.The people who listened carefully to Jeremy’s arguments were ethical listeners, regardless of whether they were persuaded. c.The two classmates who refused to listen to Jeremy’s speech and wrote notes back and forth violated the guidelines for ethical listening. d.All of the above. e.b and c only.
Slide 18 McGraw-Hill © 2004 Stephen E. Lucas. All rights reserved. Q6: When Susan attended the first discussion section for her math class and heard her instructor begin speaking with an unfamiliar accent, she immediately decided, “I won’t learn anything from this teacher.” Susan failed to uphold which guideline for ethical listening? a.Listen attentively. b.Avoid prejudging the speaker. c.Take accurate notes. d.Support free speech. e.Avoid name-calling.
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