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PSYCHIATRIC SECURITY REVIEW BOARD (PSRB) Connecticut General Statutes Sections 17a-581 – 17a-603.

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Presentation on theme: "PSYCHIATRIC SECURITY REVIEW BOARD (PSRB) Connecticut General Statutes Sections 17a-581 – 17a-603."— Presentation transcript:

1 PSYCHIATRIC SECURITY REVIEW BOARD (PSRB) Connecticut General Statutes Sections 17a-581 – 17a-603

2 PSRB Independent state agency founded in 1985

3 By statute, the Board’s primary concern is the “protection of society” By statute, the Board’s primary concern is the “protection of society” The Board confines individuals to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services or to the Department of Developmental Services for “custody, care and treatment” The Board confines individuals to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services or to the Department of Developmental Services for “custody, care and treatment” PUBLIC SAFETY MANDATE

4 PSRB FUNCTION Statutorily mandated to protect the public through the oversight of persons found not guilty by reason of mental defect or disease (NGRI or Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity) Statutorily mandated to protect the public through the oversight of persons found not guilty by reason of mental defect or disease (NGRI or Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity) Determines the level of supervision, treatment and placement of an acquittee required to protect the public Determines the level of supervision, treatment and placement of an acquittee required to protect the public

5 PSRB APPOINTMENTS Appointed by governor to serve a four year term Appointed by governor to serve a four year term Confirmed by legislature Confirmed by legislature May be re-appointed May be re-appointed Appointment, per statute, by area of expertise Appointment, per statute, by area of expertise Honorary per diem - $75 Honorary per diem - $75

6 PSRB MEMBERS Attorney - Robert Berger, Esq.,Chair Attorney - Robert Berger, Esq.,Chair Psychiatrist – Justin Schechter, M.D. Psychiatrist – Justin Schechter, M.D. Psychologist - Mark Kirschner, Ph.D. Psychologist - Mark Kirschner, Ph.D. Probation/parole expert - John Ryan, M.A. Probation/parole expert - John Ryan, M.A. Lay person - Sylvia Cancela Lay person - Sylvia Cancela Victim services expert - Susan Blair, M.S., LPC Victim services expert - Susan Blair, M.S., LPC

7 PSRB STAFF Ellen Lachance, Executive Director Ellen Lachance, Executive Director Heidi Magro, Program Coordinator Heidi Magro, Program Coordinator Adrienne Bonner, Secretary 2 Adrienne Bonner, Secretary 2 Phone:(860) 566-1441 Phone:(860) 566-1441 Fax:(860) 566-1425 Fax:(860) 566-1425 Answering service: 1-888-586-8756 Answering service: 1-888-586-8756  Need name of person calling, agency, callback number and brief description of the issue Website: www.ct.gov/psrb Website: www.ct.gov/psrb

8 POWERS OF PSRB Place with DMHAS or Department of Developmental Services Place with DMHAS or Department of Developmental Services Confine in maximum security (Whiting) or less restrictive secured hospital setting Confine in maximum security (Whiting) or less restrictive secured hospital setting Grant, modify or terminate Temporary Leave Grant, modify or terminate Temporary Leave Grant, modify or terminate Conditional Release (revoke authority to reside in the community) Grant, modify or terminate Conditional Release (revoke authority to reside in the community) Establish conditions for community movement/placement Establish conditions for community movement/placement Order supervision through the Office of Adult Probation Order supervision through the Office of Adult Probation  different from court ordered probation, i.e., violation of probation charge Issue a Subpoena Issue a Subpoena

9 POWER OF PSRB ORDERS Sec. 17a-603. Court enforcement of statutes and orders. The Superior Court, on application of the Psychiatric Security Review Board or the Attorney General, may enforce by appropriate decree or process any provision of sections 17a-580 to 17a-602, inclusive, or any order of the board rendered in pursuance of any statutory provision. Sec. 17a-581-50. Enforcement of board orders The Board may apply to the Court for an appropriate order of enforcement when its directive to an agency or person is not followed. (Effective May 21, 1992)

10 CONNECTICUT’S NOT GUILTY BY REASON OF MENTAL DISEASE OR DEFECT (NGRI) STANDARDS CGS section 53a-13 CGS section 53a-13 Affirmative defense Affirmative defense  Only defense can raise  Defendant has burden of proof to show lack of capacity due to mental disease or defect

11 NGRI STANDARDS AND EXCLUSIONS STANDARD CGS Section 53a-13 CGS Section 53a-13 Affirmative defense Affirmative defense  Only defense can raise insanity  Defendant has burden of proof to show lack of capacity due to mental disease or defect EXCLUSIONS Repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct Repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct Pathological or compulsive gambling Pathological or compulsive gambling Voluntary use of drugs/alcohol Voluntary use of drugs/alcohol

12 ARRESTED DECISION BY DEFENSE TO USE NGRI TRIAL NGRI NOT GUILTY COMMITTED TO PSRB INSANITY DEFENSE CONFINEMENT TO DMHAS OR DDS

13 COMMITMENT TERM Set by Superior Court Set by Superior Court  Up to the maximum sentence if convicted  Potentially indefinite or life  Average is 30 years  Can be extended beyond the maximum by court if still dangerous PSRB recommends Continued Commitment or Discharge from the Board PSRB recommends Continued Commitment or Discharge from the Board

14 CONTINUED COMMITMENT Initiated by State’s Attorney Initiated by State’s Attorney  Burden of proof on the state (clear and convincing evidence)  Acquittee has psychiatric disabilities or is mentally retarded to the extent that his discharge at the expiration of his maximum term of commitment would constitute a danger to himself or others PSRB and court hearings PSRB and court hearings Superior court sets new commitment term Superior court sets new commitment term

15 CONTINUED COMMITMENT 1985 – 12/21/2011 Continued Commitments – 89 Continued Commitments – 89  1 continued commitment25  2 continued commitments19  3+ continued commitments 45 43 still under PSRB 43 still under PSRB

16 DISCHARGE METHODS Petition for Discharge Petition for Discharge  PSRB hearing  Burden of proof on acquittee for early release to show they would not constitute a danger to themselves or others  Superior court grants discharge Max out Max out If discharged, acquittee becomes a voluntary patient If discharged, acquittee becomes a voluntary patient

17 DISCHARGE 1985 – 12/21/2011 Discharge – 195 Discharge – 195  Death 34  Early discharge 48  Max out 109  Commitment overturned4

18 PSRB HEARINGS Initial Commitment Initial Commitment Review of Status (every 2 years) Review of Status (every 2 years) Transfer in or out of maximum security Transfer in or out of maximum security Temporary Leave applications Temporary Leave applications Conditional Release applications Conditional Release applications Modification of Conditional Release Modification of Conditional Release Revocation of Conditional Release Revocation of Conditional Release

19 CONTESTED HEARING PROCEDURES For all hearings DMHAS, DDS or other witnesses give narrative testimony followed by examination from acquittee’s counsel and state’s attorney For all hearings DMHAS, DDS or other witnesses give narrative testimony followed by examination from acquittee’s counsel and state’s attorney State may waive presence at hearing but all acquittees must have legal representation (except for rare occasion when acquittee represents self) State may waive presence at hearing but all acquittees must have legal representation (except for rare occasion when acquittee represents self) Hearings open to public – thereby releasing psychiatric/medical record information into the public domain Hearings open to public – thereby releasing psychiatric/medical record information into the public domain Rules for cameras and recording devices Rules for cameras and recording devices Hearing transcripts available to the public Hearing transcripts available to the public

20 HEARING RULES Contested hearings follow the general rules of CT’s Uniform Administrative Procedures Act Contested hearings follow the general rules of CT’s Uniform Administrative Procedures Act Moving party has burden of going forward and presenting evidence Moving party has burden of going forward and presenting evidence Victim may make an impact statement Victim may make an impact statement All parties entitled to an independent evaluation All parties entitled to an independent evaluation Right to inspect, copy all relevant and material records- PSRB sends everything to acquittee’s counsel and state’s attorney Right to inspect, copy all relevant and material records- PSRB sends everything to acquittee’s counsel and state’s attorney Board cannot have information unavailable to state or defense Board cannot have information unavailable to state or defense Right to cross-examine Right to cross-examine Right to present evidence Right to present evidence Acquittee allowed to make unsworn statement at hearing Acquittee allowed to make unsworn statement at hearing

21 BOARD DELIBERATIONS Quorum required for vote Quorum required for vote  Majority vote required for decision Final orders in writing-public document Final orders in writing-public document  Memorandum of Decision (MOD)  Report to Court Minutes - written recording of votes- public document Minutes - written recording of votes- public document

22 TESTIFYING Know the material Know the material  Organize all documents  Identify red flags  Identify risk elements Know the legal question Know the legal question  What is the hearing about?  What is my role?

23 WHEN ANSWERING QUESTIONS… Speak clearly and loud enough Speak clearly and loud enough Look at the Board members Look at the Board members  Read the nonverbal  Restate or expand on if needed  View them as “inquiring minds” not as enemies Pause long enough to organize your thinking Pause long enough to organize your thinking Be certain you understand the question; ask if you don’t Be certain you understand the question; ask if you don’t If you don’t know say so If you don’t know say so Answer just the question asked Answer just the question asked

24 “Too many criminals plead insanity and are acquitted” “Too many criminals plead insanity and are acquitted”

25 PSRB POPULATION 144 acquittees as of 12/21/2011 144 acquittees as of 12/21/2011 Agency Agency  DMHAS- 143  DDS – 1 Current placement Current placement  CVH – 109 Dutcher Unit – 82 (62 with TL) Whiting Unit - 27  CR – 32 (1 at CVH voluntarily)  DDS - 1  JAIL - 1  AWOL - 1

26 “The insanity defense is a rich man’s defense – if you can afford a high-priced lawyer you can ‘get off’ using an insanity plea”

27 Male90%Caucasian62%Hispanic8% Female 10% African American 25% Other 5% DEMOGRAPHICS

28 Age range - 23 to 83 Age range - 23 to 83 Average age – 49 Average age – 49 Average age at time of crime - 34 Average age at time of crime - 34 GED – 10% GED – 10% High school graduate - 48% High school graduate - 48% College Degree – 13% College Degree – 13%

29 CRIME INFORMATION Crime Number  Murder/Attempted Murder 69  Manufacture/Possession of Weapon or Dangerous Instrument 25  Assault 62  Robbery/Larceny/Burglary 24  Sexual Assault 33  Reckless Endangerment - First Degree 16  Arson 27  Threatening 16  Risk of Injury/Risk of Injury to a Minor 28  Kidnapping 12  Harassment - First Degree 4

30 “Most insanity acquittees have committed violent acts against a relative or an acquaintance”

31 VICTIM INFORMATION Victim is primarily a family member or friend Victim is primarily a family member or friend 77% of cases victim is known 77% of cases victim is known

32 TRADITIONAL MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT Clinician / client relationship Clinician / client relationship Confidentiality is a guiding principle Confidentiality is a guiding principle Advance the interest of the client Advance the interest of the client Ethical principles Ethical principles  do good  do no harm Advocacy for the client Advocacy for the client

33 PSRB/FORENSIC CONTEXT OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE Different clinician/client relationship Different clinician/client relationship Different confidentiality Different confidentiality Advance interest of justice Advance interest of justice Additional ethical principles Additional ethical principles  Truth telling  Respect for person Not an agent for the acquittee Not an agent for the acquittee

34 CONFIDENTIALITY ISSUES Confidential information is open to public realm during court proceedings Confidential information is open to public realm during court proceedings Psychiatric and medical information open to PSRB, acquittee, acquittee’s counsel and State’s Attorney Psychiatric and medical information open to PSRB, acquittee, acquittee’s counsel and State’s Attorney Give confidentiality warning Give confidentiality warning Records - confidential to public Records - confidential to public Testimony and MODs - open to public Testimony and MODs - open to public Agencies required to follow HIPAA procedures except for provision of information to PSRB Agencies required to follow HIPAA procedures except for provision of information to PSRB

35 COMMUNITY ACCESS FOR PSRB ACQUITTEES

36 TEMPORARY LEAVE (TL) Acquittee remains a patient of CVH Acquittee remains a patient of CVH Authorization granted to CVH for: Authorization granted to CVH for:  Access to community treatment and/or social activities  Achievement of a specific clinical outcome  Assessment of specific clinical needs  Assessment of specific risks to public safety

37 CONDITIONAL RELEASE (CR) Acquittee is discharged from CVH Acquittee is discharged from CVH Authorization granted to the acquittee by PSRB for: Authorization granted to the acquittee by PSRB for:  Community living with mandated services to ensure public safety  Treatment to promote recovery

38 READINESS FOR TL or CR Clinical markers: Clinical markers:  minimal risk to the public  demonstrates insight into nature of crime  insight and understanding of mental illness  recognizes onset of early warning signs of illness  acknowledges awareness of substance abuse issues  takes medication as prescribed  ability to understand mandatory nature of requirements

39 PSRB ACQUITTEE INFORMATION PACKET All identified community providers and probation officer receive packet prior to any TL or CR planning from CVH All arrest/police reports/applications for warrants All arrest/police reports/applications for warrants Reports prepared by defense and prosecution experts at time of trial Reports prepared by defense and prosecution experts at time of trial Whiting 60-day evaluation report Whiting 60-day evaluation report Six month reports Six month reports Memoranda of Decision Memoranda of Decision Any special reports or psych testing Any special reports or psych testing Any other documentation community providers believe is necessary to make an adequate assessment Any other documentation community providers believe is necessary to make an adequate assessment

40 PLANNING FOR TL OR CR Development of TL or CR plan should be a collaboration with CVH, community providers, probation officer and/or family Development of TL or CR plan should be a collaboration with CVH, community providers, probation officer and/or family  specific input as to what services your agency will provide that meet the individual needs of the acquittee  Executive Director must sign Community Provider Approval Form

41 COMMUNITY TREATMENT ISSUES Budgeting Budgeting Family Issues Family Issues Substance abuse treatment/Monitoring Substance abuse treatment/Monitoring Disclosure Disclosure  Vocational issues  Relationship issues Problem sexual behavior Problem sexual behavior Leisure activities Leisure activities

42 PROHIBITIONS FOR ACQUITTEES ON TL or CR  No alcohol  No drugs  Includes over the counter meds  No weapons - ever  Own  Buy  In presence  Guns (any type)  No hunting knives  No defensive weapons  No gambling  Restrictions on association  Restrictions on movement  No out of state  Must abide by rules and regulations of community programs

43 SUPERVISION 17a-587 (b) The board may designate any capable person or appropriate public or private agency to supervise the acquittee on temporary leave….. Sec. 17a-589. (Formerly Sec. 17-257j). Supervision of acquittee on conditional release. The board may designate any capable person or appropriate public or private agency to supervise the acquittee on conditional release, subject to such conditions as the board sets in the order for conditional release.

44 REPORTING RESPONSIBILITIES All providers and PO immediately report to CVH (TL) or CR supervisor, CRSU and PSRB (CR): All providers and PO immediately report to CVH (TL) or CR supervisor, CRSU and PSRB (CR):  any violation of the TL or CR order  any treatment/medication noncompliance  any change in mental status  any positive test for alcohol or drugs  any possession of weapons  any violation of the law  any association with known criminals  any change in level of intensity of agreed upon service intervention

45 PROBATION OFFICER RESPONSIBILITIES ON TL or CR  Monitoring John Doe’s compliance with this Temporary Leave or Conditional Release  Determining the level of supervision deemed necessary to effectively monitor John Doe and providing this information to CVH  Utilizing any and all techniques of supervision available, including but not limited to electronic monitoring, search of person and property, toxicology screens, job site visits and home visits  Performing random blood or urine analysis on John Doe for purposes of monitoring alcohol consumption and illicit drug usage at a frequency determined by the Office of Adult Probation

46 COMMUNITY PROVIDER RESPONSIBILITIES Provide testimony at PSRB hearings Provide testimony at PSRB hearings  TL – Consulting Forensic Psychiatrist and CVH staff  CR – CR supervisor and six month reporter Monitoring of public safety risk Monitoring of public safety risk Monitoring adherence to stipulations of MOD Monitoring adherence to stipulations of MOD Medication monitoring if ordered Medication monitoring if ordered Home visits/inspections Home visits/inspections

47 TL SUPERVISOR RESPONSIBILITIES Coordinates community treatment and monitoring Coordinates community treatment and monitoring Verify compliance with PSRB mandates Verify compliance with PSRB mandates  Maintain contact with community providers, probation officer and employer at least monthly  Supervision meetings and home visits with acquittee Provides written and verbal monthly progress reports to CVH Provides written and verbal monthly progress reports to CVH Collaborate with CVH for modifications of TL Collaborate with CVH for modifications of TL

48 CR SUPERVISOR RESPONSIBILITIES Shift of clinical/legal responsibility Shift of clinical/legal responsibility  Oversees all community treatment and monitoring Verify compliance with PSRB mandates and treatment Verify compliance with PSRB mandates and treatment  Maintain contact with community providers, probation officer and employer at least monthly  Supervision meetings and home visits with acquittee Provide quarterly written reports to PSRB, CRSU and other community providers Provide quarterly written reports to PSRB, CRSU and other community providers Provide verbal reports to PSRB and CRSU Provide verbal reports to PSRB and CRSU Review requests to modify CR Review requests to modify CR Review any new MOD with acquittee and forward signed copy to PSRB Review any new MOD with acquittee and forward signed copy to PSRB Ensuring substance abuse screenings are conducted as per MOD Ensuring substance abuse screenings are conducted as per MOD Coordinate and chair ATT meetings Coordinate and chair ATT meetings

49 EMERGENCY PLAN On TL, hospital will develop and distribute plan On TL, hospital will develop and distribute plan For CR: For CR:  Insurance information  Notification list  Up to date photo  Treatment plan changes  Respite/Crisis beds  Voluntary hospitalization  Revocation of conditional release

50 VOLUNTARY HOSPITALIZATION CR ONLY By law, can use community hospital psychiatric units By law, can use community hospital psychiatric units By practice, CVH By practice, CVH  When ready for discharge  Written report to PSRB  Verbal answer from Chair Can remain at CVH voluntarily Can remain at CVH voluntarily

51 REVOCATION PROCEDURES CR ONLY Chair issues order for revocation based on probable cause Chair issues order for revocation based on probable cause Acquittee taken into custody by law enforcement Acquittee taken into custody by law enforcement Confined involuntarily at CVH for inpatient evaluation on issue of termination of CR Confined involuntarily at CVH for inpatient evaluation on issue of termination of CR Hearing conducted to determine future status Hearing conducted to determine future status  Remain on CR  Modification of CR  Ordered confined

52 Conditional Release Revocation 1985 to 6/1/2011 Reasons for Revocation: Reasons for Revocation:  Psychiatric decompensation 17  Supervision non-compliance 10  Treatment non-compliance 8  Alcohol/Drugs 8  Two or more reasons14  Other13 Hearing Result: Hearing Result:  No change to conditional release 8  Termination of conditional release50  Modification of conditional release11  Other 1

53 DMHAS-Conditional Release Service Unit (CRSU) Providing consultation and oversight for Local Mental Health Authorities and community agencies providing services to acquittees DMHAS-CRSU Division of Forensic Services PO Box 351, Russell Hall, 2nd floor Middletown, CT 06457

54 DMHAS-Conditional Release Service Unit Contact Erin Leavitt-Smith, LPC Office:860-262-5879 Fax:860-262-5841 Fax:860-262-5841 Cell: 860-573-0750 24 hr availability for notification and consultation

55 DMHAS-Conditional Release Service Unit (CRSU) Consultation regarding: Consultation regarding:  PSRB regulations  DMHAS policies regarding management of acquittees  Risk management issues  Temporary Leave and Conditional Release planning  Modifications of Conditional Release  Review of treatment plan  Reports and testimony to the PSRB  Out-of-state travel

56 DMHAS-Conditional Release Service Unit (CRSU) Monitoring the delivery of services to acquittees to ensure compliance and appropriate level of care by: Monitoring the delivery of services to acquittees to ensure compliance and appropriate level of care by:  Review of Progress Reports  Ongoing contact with PSRB, CVH, Conditional Release/Temporary Leave supervisors and other community providers  Participation in All Treaters Meetings  Receipt of verbal and written emergency reports to the PSRB

57 SIX MONTH REPORTS Statutorily mandated forensic evaluations conducted by DMHAS, DDS or CR provider reporting on: Statutorily mandated forensic evaluations conducted by DMHAS, DDS or CR provider reporting on:  The acquittee’s current mental condition  Diagnosis and medication  Current treatment and progress  Status regarding danger posed to self or others  Long-term treatment plans  Any modification of the existing Board order Input from all community providers Input from all community providers

58 ALL PROVIDERS TEAM MEETINGS Collaborative meeting of involved community providers and probation officer for purposes of: Ongoing assessment of risk management Ongoing assessment of risk management Review of relevant issues Review of relevant issues Monitoring of compliance with service delivery as stipulated by the MOD and DMHAS regulations Monitoring of compliance with service delivery as stipulated by the MOD and DMHAS regulations Facilitating reporting requirements Facilitating reporting requirements

59 GUN CONTROL LAW FEDERAL AND STATE Prohibition from owning, possessing or having access to guns and ammunition Prohibition from owning, possessing or having access to guns and ammunition  State – Discharged from custody within preceding 20 years after having been found not guilty by reason of mental disease or defect  Federal – Has been adjudicated as mental defective or has been committed to a mental institution Acquittals are included on state and federal criminal background information databases Acquittals are included on state and federal criminal background information databases

60 SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY Acquittees who have committed sex offenses must register upon Conditional Release or Discharge. Acquittees who have committed sex offenses must register upon Conditional Release or Discharge.  Blood sample or saliva swab (as of October 1, 2003), fingerprints and photograph  Registration monitored on a quarterly basis by State police for at least 10 years  Change of address notification required of acquittee  On Internet

61 DNA REGISTRY State statute effective October 1, 2003 State statute effective October 1, 2003  All individuals convicted of a felony and all individuals found NGRI for a felony must register DNA sample with state police  Failure to do so could result in fine and additional charges

62 Reporting is not optional Reporting is not optional MODs can be enforced by Superior Court order MODs can be enforced by Superior Court order Failure to report necessary information or follow MOD may expose provider agency to liability issues Failure to report necessary information or follow MOD may expose provider agency to liability issues ONE MORE THING…


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