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© Lenka Lexová Great Britain
© Lenka Lexová Introduction the official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland it's located on 2 main islands situated northwest of Europe Scotland Northern Ireland Wales England
© Lenka Lexová Geography it's separated from the continent by the North Sea and by the the English Channel the countryside is low in the east and south, while hills and mountains predominate in the western and northern regions (Wales, Scotland) it is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands (e.g. the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, the Orkney Islands, the Shetlands, the Hebrides) it is the third most populated island on Earth with the population of over 60 million people
© Lenka Lexová Scottish Highlands it's a mountainous region in Scotland the area is not very much populated many mountain ranges dominate the region there is the highest mountain of the UK, Ben Nevis
© Lenka Lexová Loch Ness is a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands best known for the legendary Loch Ness Monster, also known as "Nessie“ it's the second largest Scottish loch by surface area at 56.4 km 2 after Loch Lomond
© Lenka Lexová The river Thames is the second longest river in the UK it flows through central London and several other towns and cities, including Oxford, Reading and Windsor several watersports are done on the Thames such as rowing, sailing, skiffing, canoeing
© Lenka Lexová Climate it´s mild thanks to the Gulf Stream which brings warmer water to the western coast typical spring and autumn weather is very changeable, often foggy with a lot of rain overall temperatures are favourable during the whole year and it´s rather warm in winter it often snows especially in the northern areas but temperatures rarely fall below -10 degrees °C
© Lenka Lexová History first inhabited by people who came from the European mainland Iron Age inhabitants are known as the Britons, a Celtic tribe speaking a Celtic language the Romans conquered most of the island and this became the Ancient Roman province of Britannia from 43 to 410 AD since the 2 nd half of the 5th century Germanic tribes of Angles, Saxons and Jutes ruled England in 1066 in the Battle of Hastings, England was conquered by the Normans (French) led by William the Conqueror who became the new English king
© Lenka Lexová in 1485-1603 the House of Tudor on the throne, the Renaissance era (king Henry VIII, queen Elizabeth I) 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain was created by the political union of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland the late 18th and early 19th century – the Industrial Revolution, England changed from an agricultural country to an industrial superpower during 1837-1901 under the rule of Victoria I England owned 1/3 of the world thanks to numerous colonies Britain took part in both world wars
© Lenka Lexová Political system it ' s a constitutional monarchy the head of state is the Monarch Queen Elizabeth II it ' s governed by a parliamentary system with its seat of government in London and national administrations in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh the Parliament has got two sections –Upper House - House of Lords –Lower House - House of Commons the head of the Government is the Prime Minister the UK has fourteen overseas territories
© Lenka Lexová Economy it´s a developed country, with the world's sixth largest economy it´s able to supply enough food for the whole country, the main export products are grain crops, potatoes and sugar beet, animals raised: cattle, sheep, poultry the Industrial Revolution started in the UK with concentration on heavy industries such as shipbuilding, coal mining, steel production, textiles, and motor industry the service sector is dominated by financial services, especially banking and insurance, and tourism the UK has a small coal reserve, natural gas and oil reserves The Bank of England
© Lenka Lexová Transport across the UK, there is a good road and rail network London Heathrow Airport, located 24 km west of the capital is UK ' s busiest airport and has the most international passenger traffic of any airport in the world in cities you can travel by bus, trolleybus or the underground between towns you can use coaches a ferry goes between France and the UK
© Lenka Lexová Sports Major sports include rugby, football, boxing, badminton, cricket, tennis and golf England's new Wembley Stadium, the most expensive stadium ever built Cardiff's Millennium Stadium, national stadium of Wales The Wimbledon Championship, a Grand Slam tournament, is held in Wimbledon, London every June/July The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, generally regarded as the world's "Home of Golf"
© Lenka Lexová British food
© Lenka Lexová Stratford upon Avon
© Lenka Lexová The English countryside
© Lenka Lexová The University of Oxford
© Lenka Lexová Oxford city
© Lenka Lexová Edinburgh Source: www.wikipedia.org, www.google.comwww.wikipedia.orgwww.google.com
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