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Chapter 2 Section 4 The Race for Empires Protestant Reformation Religious movement away from Catholic ChurchReligious movement away from Catholic Church.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2 Section 4 The Race for Empires Protestant Reformation Religious movement away from Catholic ChurchReligious movement away from Catholic Church."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter 2 Section 4 The Race for Empires

3 Protestant Reformation Religious movement away from Catholic ChurchReligious movement away from Catholic Church Started by Martin Luther – claimed that Catholic Church abused its powerStarted by Martin Luther – claimed that Catholic Church abused its power Movement spread to England – King Henry VIII started the Anglican Church (Church of England)Movement spread to England – King Henry VIII started the Anglican Church (Church of England)

4 Spain and England Clash Religious differences between Protestant England and Catholic SpainReligious differences between Protestant England and Catholic Spain Spain plots to overthrow Queen ElizabethSpain plots to overthrow Queen Elizabeth

5 Spanish Armada Defeat Spanish Armada sent to England to restore CatholicismSpanish Armada sent to England to restore Catholicism 130 ships sent in ships sent in 1588 Meet in the English ChannelMeet in the English Channel English ships faster and quickerEnglish ships faster and quicker Storm aids the English-1/2 of Spanish Armada ruinedStorm aids the English-1/2 of Spanish Armada ruined

6 Effect of the Defeat England remained Protestant and independent-proving it could defend itselfEngland remained Protestant and independent-proving it could defend itself Spain’s image suffered-other nations joined England in challenging SpainSpain’s image suffered-other nations joined England in challenging Spain England challenges many Spanish lands in AmericaEngland challenges many Spanish lands in America

7 Search for the Northwest Passage Looking for water route through America to AsiaLooking for water route through America to Asia Called the Northwest PassageCalled the Northwest Passage There is not 1 continuous water route through the USThere is not 1 continuous water route through the US

8 John Cabot ( Italian) 1497 charted the northern route across the Atlantic1497 charted the northern route across the Atlantic Explored for English, claimed Newfoundland Canada for EnglandExplored for English, claimed Newfoundland Canada for England Thought he had reached AsiaThought he had reached Asia Disappeared on second voyageDisappeared on second voyage

9 Jacques Cartier (French) traveled up the St Lawrence River to Montreal traveled up the St Lawrence River to Montreal Rapids blocked his wayRapids blocked his way French would not return to colonize for another 75 yearsFrench would not return to colonize for another 75 years

10 Henry Hudson Englishman sailed for DutchEnglishman sailed for Dutch Arrived at coast of New YorkArrived at coast of New York Sailed up the “Hudson River”Sailed up the “Hudson River” Looked for a westward passage to AsiaLooked for a westward passage to Asia Set adrift by own sailorsSet adrift by own sailors

11 English colonization Most colonization was privately fundedMost colonization was privately funded First successful colony was after 1600First successful colony was after 1600 Charter – Document to start a colony – Sir Walter RaleighCharter – Document to start a colony – Sir Walter Raleigh

12 Samuel de Champlain Explored the St. Lawrence RiverExplored the St. Lawrence River 1608 fur trade post of Quebec1608 fur trade post of Quebec First permanent French settlement in North AmericaFirst permanent French settlement in North America Rich fur trade with Native AmericansRich fur trade with Native Americans Became known as New FranceBecame known as New France

13 The French and Dutch Seek Trade France and Netherlands seeking wealth through exploration and colonizationFrance and Netherlands seeking wealth through exploration and colonization After failing to find a Northwest passage, they focused on colonizing AmericaAfter failing to find a Northwest passage, they focused on colonizing America

14 New Netherland Built by DutchBuilt by Dutch Located along the Hudson RiverLocated along the Hudson River Fort Nassau (1614) near Albany New YorkFort Nassau (1614) near Albany New York

15 New Amsterdam Dutch bought Manhattan from the Native AmericansDutch bought Manhattan from the Native Americans Current site of New York CityCurrent site of New York City


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