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Origins of the Constitution I.? A.Achievements B.Problems & Crisis II.Constitutional Convention (1787) A.Who? B.Representation/Congress C.Slavery III.Conc.

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Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Constitution I.? A.Achievements B.Problems & Crisis II.Constitutional Convention (1787) A.Who? B.Representation/Congress C.Slavery III.Conc."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Origins of the Constitution I.? A.Achievements B.Problems & Crisis II.Constitutional Convention (1787) A.Who? B.Representation/Congress C.Slavery III.Conc. Key Terms Northwest Ordinance Ordinance of 1785 Shays’s Rebellion James Madison Virginia Plan Great Compromise Benjamin Franklin 3/5 Compromise

3 Origins of the Constitution I.Articles of Confederation A.Achievements B.Problems & Crisis II.Constitutional Convention (1787) A.Who? B.Representation/Congress C.Slavery III.Conc. Key Terms Northwest Ordinance Ordinance of 1785 Shays’s Rebellion James Madison Virginia Plan Great Compromise Benjamin Franklin 3/5 Compromise

4 Articles Of Confederation 1.First US Constitution 2.Created a national legislature to pass laws Key Philosophy = State’s Rights Articles of Confederation Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

5 Ordinance Of 1785 Dealt with land in Northwest Territory 1.Public land was divided into Townships 6 mi² 2.Each Township was divided into 36 Sections; each 640 acres or 1 mi² 3.Each Section could be purchased for $1 per acre (or $640) Provided process to sell & distribute public land

6 Ordinance Of 1785 (Legacy = Local Townships)

7 Northwest Ordinance (1787) Gave process for new states to join the Union 1.Territories = one Representative in Congress when population reached 5,000 voters 2.Territories could apply for statehood when total population reached 60,000 3.Freedom of religion & trial by jury were protected; slavery was prohibited in Northwest Territory

8 Problems With the Articles of Confederation 1.Each state had one vote (regardless of its population) Articles of Confederation

9 Problems With the Articles of Confederation Virginia = 750,000 Delaware = 60,000 Original 13 States And Territories Concept: One State/One Vote Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

10 Problems With the Articles of Confederation 1.Each state had one vote (regardless of its population) Articles of Confederation 2.States could coin their own money & conduct foreign policy 3.Instability led to a crisis….

11 Shays’s Rebellion ( ) Farmers in Massachusetts faced economic hardships Daniel Shays led an “army” of 2,000 angry men Rebellion = crushed; but there was near anarchy Impact: demonstrated the weakness of the national government General Daniel Shays, Colonel Job Shattuck, Artist Unknown Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

12 Which individual had the greatest impact on the Constitution…? James Madison

13 Who was NOT at the Constitutional Convention? Thomas Jefferson Jefferson was the US Ambassador to France

14 Virginia Plan (Madison) 1.Eliminate the Articles of Confederation 2.Separate the National Government into three branches: Legislative (most powerful), Executive & Judicial James Madison 3.Representation in the Legislative Branch would be determined entirely by a state’s population

15 Separation of Powers Legislative (most powerful) ExecutiveJudicial The number of Reps for each state is determined by a state’s population.

16 Great Compromise Separate the Legislative Branch into two sections: –House of Representatives (based on population) –Senate (two for each state) Ben Franklin

17 Great Compromise (Franklin) LegislativeExecutiveJudicial House of Representatives Based on population Senate Two for each state

18 Michigan’s 15 Congressional Districts Today, each district represents about 650,000 people

19 Michigan’s Elected Representatives Pete Hoekstra US House Debbie Stabenow US Senate Carl Levin US Senate

20 Controversy: How to Count Slaves? Solution = 3/5 Compromise One slave is equal to 3/5 of a person when determining a state’s population

21 Origins of the Constitution I.Articles of Confederation A.Achievements B.Problems II.Constitutional Convention (1787) A.Who? B.Representation/Congress C.Slavery III.Conc. Key Terms Northwest Ordinance Ordinance of 1785 James Madison Virginia Plan Great Compromise Benjamin Franklin 3/5 Compromise


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