11MontesquieuSeparation of powers - Power is divided among 3 branches, so that one person does not have too much power.
12John LockePeople have natural rights:LifeLibertyPropertyChecks and balances – one branch can check or limit the power of another
13Representative Democracy Vote on officials to represent usRights are guaranteed+= Representative Democracy
14Index Cards Create 4 flash cards of the following words: Direct DemocracyRepublicMagna CartaEnglish Bill of RightsMontesquieuJohn LockeRepresentative DemocracyWrite the definition on 1 side and draw a picture on the other.
15Bell Ringer TuesdayIdentify and describe at least 3 places where the founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution.
16Learning Target 2I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.SSSS
17Articles of Confederation Written by 2nd Continental Congress1 branch, each state had 1 voteGovernment could settle conflicts between states, make coins, and borrow moneyNo president or courtsNo soldiersNo borrowing $State had all power
18Questions Why do you think they didn’t have a president? Why did the states get the most power under the articles?
19Government considered How do we raise money?What do we do with all this new land?Government considered
20Northwest OrdinanceNorthwest Territory was surveyed and sold into townshipsDivided into OH, IN, IL, MI, and WIAfter 60,000 could join UnionNo slavery allowed
21Bell Ringer Wednesday Strengths Weaknesses List the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
22Learning Target 2I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.SSSS
23Economic Problems British troop withdraw slow American merchants had to pay high tariffs Tariffs are taxes on imports
24Economic Problems Confederation Congress could not pass tariffs British supplies were cheaper than products made in America.
25Economic Problems States began printing paper money Inflation – prices increased on goods and services.
26Paper PlatesThe American government under the Articles of Confederation were super weak. Divide a paper plate into sixths. Write 3 achievements and 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation . We the People: Citizen and The Constitution (pgs )
27Bell Ringer ThursdayDescribe 2 economic problems of the new nation.
28Learning Target 1I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution.SS
29Learning Target 2I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.SSSS
30Jigsaw Reading Directions: In your groups read the assigned pages Jigsaw Reading Directions: In your groups read the assigned pages. Write the top 5 things you learned from the section.Roman RepublicWhat did the Founders learn about government from the Romans? What advantages did the Founders see in the republican government? (pgs )English GovernmentWhy did the American colonists have the rights of Englishmen? (pgs. 50, 52, 54)Articles of Confederation 1What are the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the Founders face in writing the Articles of Confederation? How did the Articles of Confederation organize the national government? (pgs )Articles of Confederation 2What did the nation government achieve under the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the country experience under the Articles of Confederation? (pgs )Shay’s RebellionWhy was Shay’s Rebellion important? How did Shay’s rebellion force people to examine the weaknesses of the national government? (pgs )
31Bell Ringer MondayWhy do you think states were unwilling to give up their powers to a large national government?
32Learning Target 2I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.SSSS
33Shays' Rebellion States tried to pay war loans by raising taxes Farmers could not pay taxesSent to prisonHad to sell farmsDaniel Shay’s a poor farmer and Revolutionary War veteran led an uprising to close courts
34Shays' Rebellion Shays protested high taxes and heavy debt Pointed out the weaknesses of the new governmentJames Madison and Thomas Jefferson called for a meeting of the states in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation in May 1787Shays' Rebellion
35Shays ComicsDraw a comic strip illustrating why Daniel Shays would lead a rebellion against Massachusetts? You must include at least 3 frames.
36Bell Ringer TuesdayWhy did Daniel Shays rebel against the courts in Massachusetts?
37Learning Target 3I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution.SSSSSS
38Constitutional Convention States sent delegates to PhiladelphiaRevise the Articles of ConfederationPennsylvania State HouseGeorge Washington was president of the conventionConstitutional Convention
39Father of the Constitution Virginia PlanWritten by James MadisonMet delegates as they arrivedStrong central government with 3 branchesBicameral (2 house) LegislatureRepresentation based on populationCity TavernJames Madison –Father of the Constitution
40Liberty Kids: We the People Write 5-7 notes about the Constitutional Convention.Liberty Kids: We the People
41Describe the Virginia Plan. Bell Ringer WednesdayDescribe the Virginia Plan.
42Learning Target 3I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution.SSSSSS
43New Jersey Plan Created by the small states Created a unicameral legislatureEach state had the same # of representativesJames Paterson
44Great Compromise Bicameral legislature Senate 2 Senators per state House of RepresentativesRepresentation based on populationRoger Sherman
45Great Compromise Poster Create a poster illustrating the Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, and Great Compromise. Include at least 3 things about each.
46Bell Ringer ThursdayHow did the Great Compromise solve the dispute between big and small states?
47Learning Target 3I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution.SSSSSS
48Three-Fifths Compromise Southerners wanted slaves to count as part of the populationNorthern states were afraid the South would have too much power3/5 of the slaves were to be counted in the population
49Compromises on Slavery Southerners would leave if slavery was not allowedImportation of slaves allowed until 1807Used the words, “free Persons” and “all other Persons”
50Federalism Federalism – some separate and some shared powers National GovernmentEx. - Printing money, mail, signing treatiesState GovernmentEx. - Driver license, speed limits, marriageShared PowersEx. – Make laws, collecting taxes
51Venn DiagramRead pgs in the We The People: Citizenship and Constitution book.Design a Venn Diagram that outlines the powers given the: national government, state government, and powers that are shared.
52Create this chart. Include 2 powers in each section. Bell Ringer FridayCreate this chart. Include 2 powers in each section.National GovernmentShared PowersState Government
53Learning Target 3I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution.SSSSSS
54Puppet ShowCreate a puppet show about one of the conflicts and compromises at the Constitutional Convention. Each group must write a script. Each person must have one puppet and speak during the presentation.3/5 CompromiseGreat CompromiseFederalism
55Bell Ringer Monday Great Compromise 3/5 Compromise Federalism Explain 2 of the 3.Great Compromise3/5 CompromiseFederalism
56Learning Target 4I can summarize the ratification of the Constitution.SSSS
57Anti-federalists opposed ratification of the Constitution No Bill of RightsFederal government had too much powerCapital in center of nationJohn AdamsAnti-FederalistsPatrick Henry
58Madison, Hamilton, Jay – Authors of FederalistsSupporters of the ConstitutionFavored a strong federal governmentBill of Rights not needed b/c power was limitedWrote “The Federalists Papers”Madison, Hamilton, Jay – Authors ofThe Federalist Papers
59Ratification 9 of 13 had to ratify or agree to the Constitution By May 1790 all had agreed