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The Constitution. Bell RingerWednesday Please read the article Meet the Man Who’s Taking a Stand or Victory At Last. Summarize the article in 2 sentences.

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Presentation on theme: "The Constitution. Bell RingerWednesday Please read the article Meet the Man Who’s Taking a Stand or Victory At Last. Summarize the article in 2 sentences."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitution

2 Bell RingerWednesday Please read the article Meet the Man Who’s Taking a Stand or Victory At Last. Summarize the article in 2 sentences.

3 Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS

4 Where does democracy come from? Stations – Assigned groups – Do not talk to other groups – 4 minutes to read – Answer questions in group

5 Bell RingerThursday How did the Enlightenment influence our democracy? – Hint: Look up John Locke or Montesquieu.

6 Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS

7 Greece Direct Democracy – all citizens voted on everything

8 Rome Republic – citizens elect government leaders

9 Magna Carta Limited the power of the king

10 English Bill of Rights Gave citizens rights

11 Montesquieu Separation of powers - Power is divided among 3 branches, so that one person does not have too much power.

12 John Locke People have natural rights: – Life – Liberty – Property Checks and balances – one branch can check or limit the power of another

13 Representative Democracy Vote on officials to represent us Rights are guaranteed + = Representative Democracy

14 Index Cards Create 4 flash cards of the following words: Direct Democracy Republic Magna Carta English Bill of Rights Montesquieu John Locke Representative Democracy Write the definition on 1 side and draw a picture on the other.

15 Bell RingerTuesday Identify and describe at least 3 places where the founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution.

16 Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS SS

17 Articles of Confederation Written by 2 nd Continental Congress 1 branch, each state had 1 vote Government could settle conflicts between states, make coins, and borrow money No president or courts No soldiers No borrowing $ State had all power

18 Questions 1.Why do you think they didn’t have a president? 2.Why did the states get the most power under the articles?

19 Government considered How do we raise money? What do we do with all this new land?

20 Northwest Ordinance Northwest Territory was surveyed and sold into townships Divided into OH, IN, IL, MI, and WI After 60,000 could join Union No slavery allowed

21 Bell RingerWednesday List the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. StrengthsWeaknesses

22 Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS SS

23 Economic Problems British troop withdraw slow American merchants had to pay high tariffs Tariffs are taxes on imports

24 Economic Problems Confederation Congress could not pass tariffs British supplies were cheaper than products made in America.

25 Economic Problems States began printing paper money Inflation – prices increased on goods and services.

26 Paper Plates The American government under the Articles of Confederation were super weak. Divide a paper plate into sixths. Write 3 achievements and 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. We the People: Citizen and The Constitution (pgs )

27 Bell RingerThursday Describe 2 economic problems of the new nation.

28 Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS

29 Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS SS

30 Jigsaw Reading Directions: In your groups read the assigned pages. Write the top 5 things you learned from the section. A.Roman Republic o What did the Founders learn about government from the Romans? What advantages did the Founders see in the republican government? (pgs ) B. English Government o Why did the American colonists have the rights of Englishmen? (pgs. 50, 52, 54) C. Articles of Confederation 1 o What are the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the Founders face in writing the Articles of Confederation? How did the Articles of Confederation organize the national government? (pgs ) D. Articles of Confederation 2 o What did the nation government achieve under the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the country experience under the Articles of Confederation? (pgs ) E. Shay’s Rebellion o Why was Shay’s Rebellion important? How did Shay’s rebellion force people to examine the weaknesses of the national government? (pgs )

31 Bell RingerMonday Why do you think states were unwilling to give up their powers to a large national government?

32 Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS SS

33 Shays' Rebellion States tried to pay war loans by raising taxes Farmers could not pay taxes – Sent to prison – Had to sell farms Daniel Shay’s a poor farmer and Revolutionary War veteran led an uprising to close courts

34 Shays' Rebellion Shays protested high taxes and heavy debt Pointed out the weaknesses of the new government James Madison and Thomas Jefferson called for a meeting of the states in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation in May 1787

35 Shays Comics Draw a comic strip illustrating why Daniel Shays would lead a rebellion against Massachusetts? You must include at least 3 frames.

36 Bell RingerTuesday Why did Daniel Shays rebel against the courts in Massachusetts?

37 Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS SS SS

38 Constitutional Convention States sent delegates to Philadelphia Revise the Articles of Confederation Pennsylvania State House George Washington was president of the convention

39 Virginia Plan Written by James Madison Met delegates as they arrived Strong central government with 3 branches Bicameral (2 house) Legislature – Representation based on population City Tavern James Madison – Father of the Constitution

40 Liberty Kids: We the People Write 5-7 notes about the Constitutional Convention.

41 Bell RingerWednesday Describe the Virginia Plan.

42 Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS SS SS

43 New Jersey Plan Created by the small states Created a unicameral legislature Each state had the same # of representatives James Paterson

44 Great Compromise Bicameral legislature Senate – 2 Senators per state House of Representatives – Representation based on population Roger Sherman

45 Great Compromise Poster Create a poster illustrating the Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, and Great Compromise. Include at least 3 things about each.

46 Bell RingerThursday How did the Great Compromise solve the dispute between big and small states?

47 Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS SS SS

48 Three-Fifths Compromise Southerners wanted slaves to count as part of the population Northern states were afraid the South would have too much power 3/5 of the slaves were to be counted in the population

49 Compromises on Slavery Southerners would leave if slavery was not allowed Importation of slaves allowed until 1807 Used the words, “free Persons” and “all other Persons”

50 Federalism Federalism – some separate and some shared powers – National Government Ex. - Printing money, mail, signing treaties – State Government Ex. - Driver license, speed limits, marriage – Shared Powers Ex. – Make laws, collecting taxes

51 Venn Diagram Read pgs in the We The People: Citizenship and Constitution book. Design a Venn Diagram that outlines the powers given the: national government, state government, and powers that are shared.

52 Bell RingerFriday National GovernmentShared PowersState Government Create this chart. Include 2 powers in each section.

53 Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS SS SS

54 Puppet Show Create a puppet show about one of the conflicts and compromises at the Constitutional Convention. Each group must write a script. Each person must have one puppet and speak during the presentation. 3/5 Compromise Great Compromise Federalism

55 Bell RingerMonday Explain 2 of the 3. Great Compromise 3/5 Compromise Federalism

56 Learning Target 4 I can summarize the ratification of the Constitution. SS SS

57 Anti-Federalists Anti-federalists opposed ratification of the Constitution No Bill of Rights Federal government had too much power Capital in center of nation John Adams Patrick Henry

58 Federalists Supporters of the Constitution Favored a strong federal government Bill of Rights not needed b/c power was limited Wrote “The Federalists Papers ” Madison, Hamilton, Jay – Authors of The Federalist Papers

59 Ratification 9 of 13 had to ratify or agree to the Constitution By May 1790 all had agreed

60 Join or Die

61 Bell RingerTuesday Would you have supported ratification of the Constitution? Explain!

62 Learning Target 4 I can summarize the ratification of the Constitution. SS SS

63 We the People of the United States According to the song, what is the purpose of the Constitution? The Preamble to the U.S. ConstitutionThe Preamble to the U.S. Constitution

64 The Preamble 1.Form a more perfect union 2.Establish justice (laws) 3.Insure domestic tranquility (peace) 4.Provide for the common defense (security) 5.Promote the general welfare 6.Secure the blessings of liberty

65 Bell RingerMonday According to the Preamble, what was the purpose of the Constitution?

66 Bell RingerTuesday Write 2 questions you think will be on the test.

67 Test Level 0 – Break Detention – Retake Test  Circle Form Cover Sheet Book as barrier


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