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LAND TENURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAMENDA GRASSFIELDS, CAMEROON Richard A. Mbih University of Missouri-Kansas City And Stephen K. Ndzeidze,

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Presentation on theme: "LAND TENURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAMENDA GRASSFIELDS, CAMEROON Richard A. Mbih University of Missouri-Kansas City And Stephen K. Ndzeidze,"— Presentation transcript:

1 LAND TENURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAMENDA GRASSFIELDS, CAMEROON Richard A. Mbih University of Missouri-Kansas City And Stephen K. Ndzeidze, PhD Oregon State University

2 Introduction  Land tenure comprises the customary and legal rights that individuals and communities have on their land and its resources  Customary land tenure is a system where custody of communal land is bestowed on local chiefs or traditional leaders and family heads by virtue of ancestral rights  Land under such condition is inherited by sons and nephews; and distributed to other members of the family and community free  Such traditional land tenure system favors sustainable development because it provides access to communal land to the poor without the need of land registration  Legal land rights entails land registration of individual land

3 The Northwest Regions and its divisions and sub-divisions Source: Adapted from Bamboye, 2010 Location of the Northwest Regions in Cameroon Source: Adapted from Bamboye, 2010

4 Agro-pastoral Culture in the Bamenda Grassfields 1) Crop production and marketing system within Grassfield communities 1) Livestock production and marketing systems within Fulani and non-cattle owners in the region

5 Challenges to traditional land tenure system  Population growth and urbanization: pop increases from 967,979 in 1976 to 1,737,149 in Case study: A representation of the Bamenda area in Northwest Cameroon Population increases in the city of Bamenda from 44,764 in 1976 to 305,386 in 2005 and to 348,766 in 2012 Landuse/cover type Area covered (ha) 1988%2002%2007% Settlement4, , , Farmland/grassland52, , , Forest/thick vegetation29, , , Water surfaces Total86, , , Landuse/cover change rates between 1988 and 2007 Source: Global Land Cover Facility: Source: Global Land Cover Facility:

6 Land grabbing, change in traditional land tenure system, discrimination in ownership rights and land registration in Cameroon  Land grabbing and change in traditional land tenure system  Discrimination in land ownership and registration MethodsNumber of respondents % of each method Before 1990s % During and after 1990s % Inherited and family land Allocated by traditional leaders Rented Purchased Total ___ Methods of land acquisition before and after 1990s in the Northwest Region Source: Fieldwork, 2013 Applicants No. applied % applied No. approved No. denied % of each group approved % of each group denied Men Women Joint ownership Total ___ Gender inequality in land rights based on approved number of applied land certificates between men and women in NWR, Source: Yanou and Sone, 2012

7 Cont.  Climate change and environmental degradation  Rural development projects  Landuse conflicts Competition over shared landuse resources between farmers, herders and infrastructural development in Northwest Cameroon Source: Andrew Furber, 1997

8 Human-inflicted wounds on cows. Note the skeletal nature of the cattle due to lack of pasture and water A horse wounded during a farmer-herder confrontation in Sabga Poisoned cattle. These cows were poisoned by native crop cultivators as a result of cattle penetration into a crop farm in Bali, Mezam Division Photo by MBOSCUDA (2006) Farmer-herder conflicts

9 Sustainable development approach  Reformulation of Cameroon land reforms  Agro-pastoral landuse zonation  Emulation of best landuse management practices from other African nations  Involvement of women and rural communities in the decision making of agricultural and other rural development projects  Diversification of agricultural activities with the help of extension workers A hypothetical landuse zonation in Northwest Cameroon Source: Author Fulani Community crop farm and Improved pastureland in Wum and Santa Source: MBOSCUDA, 2003 and Ngwa, 2008

10 Thank You Questions ? Thank You Questions ?


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