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Isolation and Empire Early Explorers in the PNW. Early Exploration Search for Northwest Passage – Waterway to the Pacific 1579 Sir Francis Drake (England)

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Presentation on theme: "Isolation and Empire Early Explorers in the PNW. Early Exploration Search for Northwest Passage – Waterway to the Pacific 1579 Sir Francis Drake (England)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Isolation and Empire Early Explorers in the PNW

2 Early Exploration Search for Northwest Passage – Waterway to the Pacific 1579 Sir Francis Drake (England) sailed north as far as Oregon or British Columbia Described the area as one of “most vile, thicke, and stinking fogges.” He claimed it for England and left The Spanish and Russians also claimed it

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4 Captain James Cook British Explorer Left Britain on 3 rd voyage in 1776 Never found Columbia River or Puget Sound Spent one month in 1788 at Nootka Sound Dismembered in Hawaii

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6 Replica of Endeavour

7 Cook’s 3 Voyages

8 Two Major Results of Cook’s 3 rd Voyage Established northwest Fur Trade – Picked up sea otter pelts in PNW, traded them in China for $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Training voyage for future mariners who would return to the Pacific Northwest – George Vancouver would return in 1790s and put Puget Sound on map (and name it for his lieutenant, Peter Puget

9 One Problem Remained… Europeans began to show up in greater numbers to profit from the resources in the PNW, but… This newly “discovered” territory that they claimed as their own was already home to someone else

10 Cook – 1788 Nootka (Vancouver Island) Vancouver – 1792 explored Puget Sound Robert Gray (US) – 1 st American Circumnavigation – 1792 – Sailed up Columbia

11 Lewis and Clark ( ) Followed Alexander Mackenzie’s voyages (1793) to Bella Coola

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13 Fort Astoria, Oregon (1811) Founded by John Jacob Astor – German-American businessman – Pacific Fur Company Near the mouth of Columbia River First Permanent American settlement in the PNW Failed, sold to British in 1813, U.S. got it back in 1818

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15 Fort Vancouver (1824) Hudson’s Bay Company (British) Trading Fort on North (WA) side of Columbia River Would be in British territory if Columbia River became boundary

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18 Treaties with British Treaty of 1818 – Established “Joint-Occupancy” of Oregon Territory between British and U.S. Treaty of 1846 (“Oregon Treaty”) – British ceded territory south of 49 th Parallel to U.S. – British moved from Fort Vancouver to Fort Victoria

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20 Euro-Americans in the PNW Explorers – Spanish, Russians, British, French, Americans Fur Traders/Mountain Men – 1780s-1840s “Mission Era” (Missionaries) – Settlers (Oregon Trail) – saw 53,000 move west – Willamette Valley – Railroad eventually replaced trail

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22 The Oregon Trail Over 2,000 mile journey Free land in Oregon Territory (up to a square mile per family) Helped U.S. to implement goal of Manifest Destiny

23 “Prairie Schooner”

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25 The name "Walla Walla" is translated several ways but most often as "many waters."

26 Whitman Massacre Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa 1837 mission near Walla Walla Spread measles to Cayuse 1847, they and 11 others killed

27 Takes notes on: Missionaries – Who, why, when, where, what? Early Settlers – Who, why, when, where, what?


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