2 1. How did Shays's Rebellion (1786-1787) affect public opinion? a. Most people thought that Shays did a good job of getting the Britishout of the Northwest.b. Shays's actions encouraged demands for changes in the Articles ofConfederation.c. Merchants and tradesmen favored Shays, while farmers opposed him.d. The British were unhappy with the results of Shays's behavior.During the mid-1780s, farmers led by Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays, marched on the Massachusetts government in order to protect their family farms. Though the Massachusetts militia was able to put down the rebellion, many feared larger rebellions in the future. Increasingly, people demanded that a stronger national government be established in order to more easily crush such rebellions in the future.
3 b. Articles of Confederation c. Land Ordinance of 1785 2. Which document established the guidelines by which new states would be added to the United States?a. Proclamation of 1763b. Articles of Confederationc. Land Ordinance of 1785d. Northwest Ordinance of 1787Prior to the Northwest Ordinance, there were real questions about what should happen with western lands. Should they be ruled by the national government in perpetuity? Should the people living there be allowed to have a voice in the national government? The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 stated that a territory could apply for statehood when its population numbered 60,000 or more. The Ordinance also stated that new states would be on equal footing with the original 13 states.
4 3. Which document banned slavery in the Northwest Territory? a. The Articles of Confederationb. The Declaration of Independencec. The Land Ordinanced. The Northwest OrdinanceThe Northwest Ordinance of 1787 banned slavery in the Northwest Territory (lands west of the Appalachians, north of the Ohio River, east of the Mississippi River, and south of the Great Lakes). Later, this precedent would be followed when Congress passed the Missouri Compromise (1820) and the Compromise of 1850, which also banned slavery in some parts of U.S. territory.
5 4. Which difficulty led to the calling of the Annapolis Convention? a. Indian attacksb. commercial problemsc. restrictions on westward expansiond. Shays's RebellionEach of the 13 states was invited to send delegates to Annapolis in 1787 to resolve commercial problems among the states. Organizers of the convention wanted to explore solutions to commercial problems, such as restrictions on interstate trade and the chaotic money system in the states.
6 5. Which of the following most CORRECTLY describes the results of the Annapolis Convention? a. They wrote a new government for the United States.b. They solved the problems of conflicting claims for land in the West.c. They were a stepping stone to the Constitutional Convention.d. They created the basis for an agreement for fishing rights in theAtlantic Ocean.In 1786, a group of gentlemen met at Annapolis to discuss commercial problems that were common to all the states. Many reached the conclusion that the Articles would have to be strengthened. They sent a petition to Congress asking it to call for a convention of all the states to explore ways to accomplish that goal. After some delay, Congress agreed. The convention met in Philadelphia in 1787.