3Westward ExpansionBegan after the creation of the Northwest Territory (1785)By 1850, United States had acquired all of its present-day territory
4Westward Expansion Northwest Territory Illinois Michigan Wisconsin IndianaOhioPart of Minnesota
5Westward Expansion Louisiana Purchase: Alabama and Mississippi south of the parallel of 31°; all of Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana; Minnesota, west of the Mississippi; Colorado and Wyoming, east of the Rocky Mountains; and Kansas, with the exception of the southwestern corner.
6Westward Expansion Lewis & Clark Expedition (Corps of Discovery) Given the task to survey and explore the Louisiana Territory. (Louisiana Purchase)
8Westward Expansion Lewis & Clark Expedition: Supplies:
9Westward Expansion Lewis & Clark Expedition Goals: Explore all waterways for commerceCollect Scientific DataObtain U.S. Sovereignty within the territory
10Westward Expansion 1819: 1821: Florida States of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and the western part of Wyoming. The boundary between the States of Washington and Idaho, on one side, and Canada, on the other, was finally determined in 1848.
11Westward Expansion 1845: 1848: Mexican-American War: Texas States of California, Nevada, and Utah, and a large part of Arizona and New Mexico, and part of Colorado.
12Westward Expansion 1853 1867 1897 Gadsden Purchase Alaska Territory United States bought from Mexico a strip of land, now forming that part of Arizona and New Mexico1867Alaska Territory1897Hawaii Territory
13Westward Expansion United States acquired all land through: Northwest TerritoryLouisiana PurchaseWar of 1812Indian Removal ActMexican-American WarTreaties with Britain, France, Russia, Mexico, Canada
14Indian Removal ActAddressed longstanding conflicts with Indians in the South1800:Creeks – AlabamaSeminoles – FloridaChoctaws & Chickasaws – MississippiCherokee – Mountains of Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina
16Indian Removal ActEach Indian Group controlled land that was protected by treaties with the federal and state governmentsWhites settlers moved onto Indian lands illegally.Whites fought with Indians and demanded the treaties with the Indians be broken
17Indian Removal ActStates had no way of preventing settlers from moving westward onto Indian landPresident Andrew Johnson solved problem by with the Indian Removal Act.Act passed into law by 1 vote!!!Indians had to exchange their land for land in the west.
18Indian Removal Act Indians sent to what would become Oklahoma Some Indians moved peacefully, other fought back.
19Indian Removal ActNorth Carolina’s Cherokee sued the federal government.They claimed they had a right to stayThe Cherokee won the lawsuit2 Key Advantages to WinningMany owned land that was privately boughtOnly tribal land given by the federal government could fall under the Indian Removal ActNorth Carolina’s leaders were not very interested in removing the Cherokee
20Indian Removal Act Trail of Tears (1838) 17,000 Cherokee & 2,000 Slaves from Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama and Tennessee set out for Oklahoma.4,000 died on the way to OklahomaAround 1,000 came back to North Carolina after the lawsuit was won.
24Manifest Destiny This Idea led to the purchase of: Texas TerritoryOregon TerritoryCalifornia Territory, including Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New MexicoManifest Destiny also led the United States into the Mexican-American War and countless wars with Native Americans.
25Manifest Destiny Unintentional Effect of Manifest Destiny – Sectional Tensions regarded SLAVERYBy 1820s, All Northern had Abolished SlaveryWhen the United States acquired new territories, Congress had to decided if Slavery would be allowed in them or not.Why is this a problem?