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The Whisky Traders and the NWMP “Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it” George Santayana.

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Presentation on theme: "The Whisky Traders and the NWMP “Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it” George Santayana."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP “Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it” George Santayana

2 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  During the ______, control of the Northwest gradually passed from the HBC to the ________ government.

3 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  During the 1870”s, control of the Northwest gradually passed from the HBC to the ________ government.

4 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  During the 1870”s, control of the Northwest gradually passed from the HBC to the Canadian government.

5 Handing over control of Rupert’s Land  During the 1870”s, control of the Northwest gradually passed from the HBC to the Canadian government.

6 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  One of the first problems facing Ottawa was a fur trade problem. American fur traders in what is now Southern Alberta were causing trouble.

7 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The American fur trade was made up of several small, independent_________. These companies traded strong, cheap ______ to the Native peoples in return for buffalo robes and furs.

8 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The American fur trade was made up of several small, independent companies. These companies traded strong, cheap ______ to the Native peoples in return for buffalo robes and furs.

9 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The American fur trade was made up of several small, independent companies. These companies traded strong, cheap liquor to the Native peoples in return for buffalo robes and furs.

10 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP

11  The trade soon had a devastating effect on the Native Peoples causing alcoholism which resulted in malnutrition, disease, and ______.

12 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The trade soon had a devastating effect on the Native Peoples causing alcoholism which resulted in malnutrition, disease, and death.

13 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP

14  The American’s, known as Whisky Traders, principal trading post was called ____ _______-___.

15 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The American’s, known as Whisky Traders, principal trading post was called Fort Whoop-Up.

16 Fort Whoop-Up

17 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  They did not trade ______ anything like what we know of today. It was much stronger, almost pure alcohol. It was also colourless, so the Whisky Traders added molasses or Tabasco sauce for __________ and ______. It was extremely dangerous and could cause death even in small quantities.

18 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  They did not trade whisky anything like what we know of today. It was much stronger, almost pure alcohol. It was also colourless, so the Whisky Traders added molasses or Tabasco sauce for __________ and ______. It was extremely dangerous and could cause death even in small quantities.

19 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  They did not trade whisky anything like what we know of today. It was much stronger, almost pure alcohol. It was also colourless, so the Whisky Traders added molasses or Tabasco sauce for flavouring and ______. It was extremely dangerous and could cause death even in small quantities.

20 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  They did not trade whisky anything like what we know of today. It was much stronger, almost pure alcohol. It was also colourless, so the Whisky Traders added molasses or Tabasco sauce for flavouring and colour. It was extremely dangerous and could cause death even in small quantities.

21 Which Whisky would you prefer?

22 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  “The people traded anything they owned for alcohol, which left them destitute and defenseless against winter temperatures. This was not quality alcohol. The so- called whiskey given out by traders for buffalo robes and other furs was a lethal concoction of alcohol mixed with anything that would give it colour and substance— bluestone, burnt sugar, castile soap, Jamaica Ginger, Perry Davis Painkiller, tea, ink and sometimes, horrifically, strychnine (a poison).” –Margaret A. Kennedy The Whiskey Trade of the Northwestern Plains

23 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  Seeing the possible danger of loss of territory to the Whisky Traders, the Canadian Government decided the Northwest needed some kind of policing. Their response was to establish the ______ ____ _________ ______ (____) in 1873.

24 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  Seeing the possible danger of loss of territory to the Whisky Traders, the Canadian Government decided the Northwest needed some kind of policing. Their response was to establish the North West Mountes Police (NWMP) in 1873.

25 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP

26 Images of the NWMP

27 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  It was both a ______ force and a paramilitary organization. Its first task was to drive out the Whisky Traders and regain control over the entire _____ ____ Territories.

28 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  It was both a police force and a paramilitary organization. Its first task was to drive out the Whisky Traders and regain control over the entire _____ ____ Territories.

29 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  It was both a police force and a paramilitary organization. Its first task was to drive out the Whisky Traders and regain control over the entire North West Territories.

30 NWMP getting rid of a Whisky Trader

31 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  This process was hastened by an incident in A group of Assiniboine was attacked by Whisky Traders at Cypress Hills in what is now southern ____________.

32 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  This process was hastened by an incident in A group of Assiniboine was attacked by Whisky Traders at Cypress Hills in what is now southern Saskatchewan.

33 Cypress Hill, Saskatchewan  It is a peaceful place today, but it was the site of the massacre which convinced John A MacDonald to create the NWMP.

34 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The attack took the lives of about thirty _____________ and caused outrage in Eastern Canada.

35 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The attack took the lives of about thirty Assiniboine and caused outrage in Eastern Canada.

36 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP

37  Ottawa’s response was to send in 300 NWMP officers to establish ________ control over the area.

38 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  Ottawa’s response was to send in 300 NWMP officers to establish Canadian control over the area.

39 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP

40  They reached Fort _______ later in the summer and the Whisky Traders fled across the border.

41 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  They reached Fort Whoop Up later in the summer and the Whisky Traders fled across the border.

42 Picturesque Fort Whoop Up

43 The Whisky Traders and the NWMP  The Native Peoples initially welcomed the ____ in the belief that they would put an end to the lawlessness that had plagued the region for more than a decade.

44 NWMP visit to a First Nations camp  The Native Peoples initialed welcomed the NWMP in the belief that they would put an end to the lawlessness that had plagued the region for more than a decade.

45 Welcome to the Northwest

46 This is literally the image of the “Mountie” that I grew up with

47 Class Activity  In your groups discuss the following question. The discussion should take between 5 and 10 minutes. Leave enough time to do the assignment below.  Why did the Canadian government wish to see the Whisky Traders removed from the Northwest?  Please write an in-class Opinion Piece using the textbook and the discussions with your group members.  The Opinion Piece is to be one page, double spaced.  Write as neatly as possible. Grammar and punctuation are part of the grading.


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