2Colonizing North America Chapter 3, Section 3ObjectivesWhy did England, France, and the Netherlands seek a northwest passage to Asia?How did the Protestant Reformation affect rivalries among European nations?How did rivalry develop between New France and New Netherland?
3How do you think Spain’s success in the New World is going to affect other European countries?
4Previewing Chapter 3 – Section 3: Alphabet Connection Preview Chapter 3 – Section 3 (pp.81-86) by completing the Portable Word Wall sheet in Round Robin Groups (4).Make connections with terms, people, events, etc. for each letter of the alphabetTraveling Round Robin Discussions
54 Corners – Vocabulary Review Skim Chapter 3 – Section 3 to complete the vocabulary chart.Review Key Terms with 4 CornersWhen a clue is read go to the corner with the vocabulary word that represents that word.Listen carefully for the clues.
6Clues for 4 Corner 3-3 Vocabulary Review Dutch and French sought these with the Native Americans.What European explorers were searching for.Movement to reform the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500sFrench colonist who lived and worked in the woods.Led to the creation of many different Christian ChurchesWaterway through or around North AmericaFollowing of Martin LutherLeft French colonies to avoid harsh rule of the KingAgreement between nations to aid and protect one anotherInvolved in the Fur Trade with the Native Americans
7Wrap UpExit Ticket: Write a summary of what Chapter 3 – Section 3 is about on the Portable Word Wall sheet.I will check this on your way out of class.It will be worth class preparation points.Homework: Read Chapter 3 – Section 3 (pp.81-86) and complete the Explorer chart.
8Getting Your Attention – Opening Discussion Answer the following questions in your notebooks as I check your homework:What other European powers explored in North America after Spain?What were they looking for?
9Notes on Northwest Explorers Remember you should be checking your chart with my information and adding information where you are missing information.
10Searching for a Northwest Passage 1. Northwest Passage – waterway through or around North America2. Explorersa. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto)NationalitySponsorArea ExploredDatesGoalsResultsItalianEnglandNortheastern coast of North America; Newfoundland1497To find a northwest passage to AsiaHe discovered Newfoundland
12Europeans explorers spent over 100 years searching for a Northwest Passage through North America to Asia.England, France, and Holland began searching for a westward route to Asia in order to compete with Spain and Portugal.
16John Cabot’s Voyages for England (2:52) Why are John Cabot’s voyages significant?
17The voyages of Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, and Amerigo Vespucci dramatically changed the world map. This map, printed in 1507, is one of the earliest maps to incorporate this new world view.
18Searching for a Northwest Passage Explorersb. Giovanni da Verrazanoc. Jacques CartierNationalitySponsorArea ExploredDatesGoalsResultsItalianFrenchNorth American coast from the Carolinas to Canada; New York Harbor1520s; 1524To find a northwest passage to AsiaAtlantic Coast; New York HarborNationalitySponsorArea ExploredDatesGoalsResultsFrenchSt. Lawrence River1530sTo find a northwest passage to AsiaMajor explorer of Canada/ St. Lawrence River
19Explorations for France Giovanni da Verrazano explored the east coast of North America, including New York harbor, for France in 1524.
25Explorations for France Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River Valley for France.Jacques Cartier
26A painting by J.-A. Théodore Gudin depicts Jacques Cartier discovering the Saint Lawrence River in the 16th century.
27Jacques Cartier points to the arms of France on the cross during a ceremony taking possession of Canada for France, 1534.
28Searching for a Northwest Passage Explorersc. Henry HudsonNationalitySponsorArea ExploredDatesGoalsResultsEnglishDutch/ Netherlands and EnglandNew York harbor; Hudson River; Hudson BayTo find a Northwest PassageDiscovered the Hudson River; Rebellion of his crew lead to his downfall
29Explorations for the Netherlands (Holland) British sailor Henry Hudson explored the waters of northeast North America, including the water surrounding New York City.
38Failure and Success of the Search for the Northwest Passage In Round Robin Discussion: Identify the failures and successes of the Northwest Passage…FailureSuccessNo explorers found a northwest passage to Asia.Explorers mapped and explored North AmericaRulers of Western Europe start to think about how to profit from the region’s resources
39Think Pair Share – Rivalries Among European Nations Read section entitled “Rivalries Among European Nations” (pp.82-83) and take notes.Share your notes with a partner.What should you have in your notes???
40Rivalries among European Nations Religious Divisionsa – Martin Luther split from the Catholic church creating the Protestant Reformationb. Protestant Reformation = movement to reform the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500s; led to the creation of many different Christian Churchesc. Late 1500s – Religion divided Western Europei. Spain and France are Catholicii. England and Dutch are ProtestantRivalries in the Americasa. Europeans brought religious conflicts to Americasb. European nations competed for control of land and economic markets – ex. Queen Elizabeth I encouraged English piracy against the Spanish
41The Protestant Reformation (1:36) What is an effect of the Protestant Reformation?
42Example of Rivalries – Sir Francis Drake (1:33) How is Sir Francis Drake an example of the rivalries between European countries?
43Checking for Understanding – European Exploration (1:00)
44French Explorers Establishment in North America (what is today Canada) a Samuel de Champlain founded the first settlement in North America called Port Royalb – Champlain founded trading post of Quebec2. Expansion to Mississippi Rivera Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet followed the Mississippi River for 700 milesb – Robert de La Salle- followed the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico and named the region Louisiana in honor of French King, Louis XIV.c. Forts were built to keep Spain and England out of Louisianai. Detroit – built by Antoine Cadillac near Lake Erieii. New Orleans – became a busy trading center
45The First Expedition of Samuel de Champlain – Start of the French Fur Trade (2:08) What is the significance of Samuel de Champlain’s voyages?
46The Second Expedition of Samuel de Champlain – Founding Colony of Acadia (1:54)
47The Third Expedition of Samuel de Champlain – Founding of New France at Quebec (2:39)
48Father Jacques Marquette, Louis Jolliet, and Robert de La Salle
49The Explorations of Jacques Marquette and French Fur Trade (2:43) What is the significance of Joliet and Marquette's voyages?
50Louis Joliet’s Exploration of the Mississippi River (3:26)
51Expeditions of Robert De La Salle (3:17) What is the significance of Robert de la Salle’s voyages?
53Dutch Explorers Establishment a – Peter Minuit led a group of Dutch settlers to the Hudson River where he bought the Mahattahan Islands from Indians – called it New Amsterdamb. Dutch colony called New Netherland (New York)c. Welcomed diverse peopled. Trading posts were built along the Hudson River – ex. Fort Orange (Albany)e. New Sweden (along the Delaware River) was bought in 1655
54Comparing and Contrasting – Venn Diagram Think: Complete the Venn Diagram on New France and New Netherlands.Pair: Share your answers with a partner.Share: Check your notes on the Venn Diagram.
55C. How did rivalry develop between New France and New Netherland? Chapter 3, Section 3New NetherlandSettlements along the Hudson RiverMerchants traded for furs with Indians of the northeastern woodlands.Alliance with the IroquoisSold furs in EuropeNew FranceSettlements along the St. Lawrence RiverCoureur de bois trapped, hunted, and traded for furs with Indians of the northeastern woodlands.Missionaries traveled the woods to convert Indians to Christianity.Alliance, or agreement to help and protect each other, with the Hurons.Sold furs in Europe
56New France Government a. Controlled by French King, Louis XIV b. Council appointed by the King made all decisionsc. Colony grew slowlyd. Coureurs de bois lived free of government
58D. New Netherland Rivalry over furs a. Dutch and French rivaled over the fur tradeb. Both wanted alliances (an agreement between nations to aid and protect one another) with Native Americansi. Dutch allied with the Iroquoisii. French allied with the HuronDutch ways in North America – Dutch brought many of their customs from Europe (ex. St. Nicholas, dutch words like cookies, boss, sleigh)
59E. Impact on Native Americans 1. Positive Impact2. Negative ImpactIndians adopted European trade goodsMissionaries tried to convert Indians to Christianity???Disease killed thousands of IndiansRivarly over the fur trade increased warfare amongst IndiansOvertrappingAlcohol had a harsh effectFrench, Dutch, English seized Indian lands
60Effects of European Exploration in America Chapter 3, Section 3Exploration of the AmericasEffects Today• The United States is a multicultural society• American foods, such as corn and potatoes, are important to people’s diets around the worldEffects• Spain builds an empire in the Americas• English, French, and Dutch set up colonies in North America• Millions of Native Americans die from “European” diseases• Slave traders bring enslaved Africans to the Americas• Foods from the Americas are introduced into EuropeCausesEuropeans want more goods from AsiaMuslims gain control of trade between Europe and AsiaRulers of European nations seek ways to increase their wealthEuropean nations look for a sea route to AsiaColumbus reaches the Americas
62Fur Trade Analysis – Round Robin Read the passage about the fur trade and identify environment effects, social effects, and economic effects.Share your thoughts.
63Section 3 Review Homework: Complete Chapter 3 – Section 3 Study Guide Exit Ticket: Answer the questions below on an index card:1. Which European country did not establish a colony in North America?a) Germanyb) Francec) The Netherlandsd) Sweden2. European nations in North America competed fora) the right to convert Indians.b) control of land and furs.c) colonists from many nations.d) gold and silver ore.Homework: Complete Chapter 3 – Section 3 Study Guide
65Section 3 ReviewChapter 3, Section 3Which European country did not establish a colony in North America?a) Germanyb) Francec) The Netherlandsd) SwedenEuropean nations in North America competed fora) the right to convert Indians.b) control of land and furs.c) colonists from many nations.d) gold and silver ore.Want to connect to the American Nation link for this section? Click here.