Presentation on theme: "Louis Riel & Rebellion in the North-West"— Presentation transcript:
1Louis Riel & Rebellion in the North-West SS 10Chapter 4 & 5 Notes
2Who was Louis Riel? Famous Manitoban? Traitor? Power-hungry prophet? Father of the Metis Nation?Saint?Traitor?Power-hungry prophet?Madman?Sinner?
3HIS CHILDHOODBorn 1844, in St. Boniface, the Red River colony, under HBC rule.Parents—Louis Riel and Julie Lagimodiere, strong Catholic familyProud to be Metis—ancestors were French, English, Scottish fathers and First Nations mothersHeritage of buffalo hunting and tradingREAD P. 7-9
6I. Background to Rebellion: 1868 Canadian government paid Hudson Bay Company $1,500,000 to buy Rupert’s LandLand was renamed- North-West Territories or NWT- transferred to Canada in 1869Government surveys the land for townships for new European immigrantsMetis live at Red River Settlement and maintain own way of lifeMetis were angered at arrival of surveyors and attempted to stop from happeningWilliam McDougall is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of NWT without local approval
8II. Red River Rebellion-Resistance, 1869-70- Background: An educated Louis Riel emerged as a leader of the MetisRiel set up Le Comite National de Metis (NCM)as a temporary government at Red RiverPurpose is to bargain with Canadian government for the land, language, and religious rights of the MetisNCM: 1. Stops McDougall from entering Red River;2. Seizes HBC post at Fort Garry;3. Create a List of Rights- conditions by which the Metis will join CanadaPrime Minister John A. Macdonald did not want the settlement to become part of Canada until the claim was resolved1869, Riel set up a provisional government which he headed
10II. Red River Rebellion-Resistance, 1869-70- Metis List of Rights: List of rights include:Right to approve or reject Federal laws affecting Red River;Right to have land set aside for schools, roads, and public buildings;Every male householder over 21 could voteRiel and the Metis took their List of Rights to Ottawa to be accepted by the Federal Government
12II. Red River Rebellion-Resistance, 1869-70- Thomas Scott: Thomas Scott was a surveyor, member of the Canada Party, and a Protestant member of the Orange Order (anti-Catholic group)Scott was given permission to drive Metis out of Red River and actively protested against the Metis government, uttering threats against RielScott was jailed by the Metis for his actionsMetis council found Scott guilty of insubordination and disobedience and sentenced to death- Scott was executed in 1870
14II. Red River Rebellion-Resistance, 1869-70- Government Responds: Ontario Protestants called Riel and the Metis murderers and demanded that the Federal Government send out an army to end the uprising at Red RiverWhile Quebec Catholics protested any interference, the Federal Conservatives cautiously attempted to resolve the situationThe government decided that the Metis settlement at Red River should join ConfederationJuly, 1870, the Manitoba Act was passed creating the “Postage Stamp” province of Manitoba- Canada’s 5th provinceMany of the Metis Rights were included in the Manitoba Act and the creation of the province allowed for greater Metis’ control over matters
15Assignment:Complete Review Master R-10 Chapter 4: The Northwest to 1070:I. Important People, Groups, & Events: 1-4;8;10-12;14-16II. Main Ideas & Concepts: 1-5III. Comprehension: 3-6; 8-10IV. CrosswordDue next week!
18II. Red River Rebellion-Resistance, 1869-70- Dealing with Riel: 1870, Macdonald ordered a military expedition under Colonel Wolseley to deal with Riel and his actionsFearing death for the murder of Thomas Scott, Riel fled to the US where he remained until 1884Riel was elected as a Member of Parliament for Manitoba and was pardoned for the killing of Scott in 1875 by Macdonald
19III. Riel and the North-West Rebelllion, 1885- Background: 1870’s Metis were pushed further and further into the North-West TerritoriesLiving conditions of the Metis were poor- their lots were bought and re-surveyed by Ottawa; land speculators and new immigrants were buying up land- thus disrupting traditional hunting and farming practices of the MetisMetis petitioned Ottawa for changesMacdonald repsonded with promise and scrip or promisary certificates fpr land and cashMetis once again set up a Provisional Government
21Riel and the North-West Rebelllion, 1885- Return of Riel: Metis needed proper leadership- Metis leader Gabriel Dumont traveled to Montana to convince a retired, very religious, teacher Louis Riel to return and lead new Metis negotiations with OttawaReluctantly, Riel agreed to return and lead the Provisional Government of the North-West Territory in negotiating Metis rights with OttwaFirst Nations bands led by Poundmaker and Big Bear also supported the Metis
22Metis & Native Leaders in the North-West Territories:
23Riel and the North-West Rebelllion, 1885: 1885, Federal Government, not wanting to negotiate with the Metis, sent out the military to silence Riel and the MetisUnder the leadership of General Middleton, 8,000 soldiers were sent out on the newly created Canadian Pacific Railway to deal with the MetisSo began the rebellion with battles at:Duck Lake- Metis vs. General Crozier and the NWMP; 12 NWMP dead/5 Metis deadFrog Lake- 9 total deadFish Creek- Dumont vs. MiddletonBatoche- Riel, Dumont, & Metis vs. Middleton & NWMP; 4 day fight; Riel defeated
25Riel and the North-West Rebelllion, 1885- Riel’s Defeat & Trial: After Batoche, Riel and Dumont escape, but Riel turns himself inRiel is arrested and tried for treason- taking up arms against the government1885, Regina, Riel is found guilty by a jury of 5 English- speaking Protestant jurors and is sentenced to hangNovember 16th, 1885, Louis Riel is hanged despite protests from French Catholic Canadiens, pleas for a pardon, and a failed bid to plead insaneThe of Louis Riel and his role in Canadian history continues: Hero or Traitor? Sane or Insane? Selfless or Selfish?