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John Cabot 1450-1499 Venice Genoa Venice Bristol.

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Presentation on theme: "John Cabot 1450-1499 Venice Genoa Venice Bristol."— Presentation transcript:

1 John Cabot Venice Genoa Venice Bristol

2 John Cabot-so his story starts. In 1461, he and his family went to Venice, Italy to live when he was 11. He worked as a NAVIGATOR. In 1461, he and his family went to Venice, Italy to live when he was 11. He worked as a NAVIGATOR. When he moved to England as a man, he changed his name to John Cabot. When he moved to England as a man, he changed his name to John Cabot. After staying in Bristol England for 12 years, King Henry VII wanted Cabot to explore for him. After staying in Bristol England for 12 years, King Henry VII wanted Cabot to explore for him.

3 In 1483, Cabot moved to Bristol, England. He believed that Asia could be reached by sailing west. In 1493, when word of Columbus’ reports of his successful journey to the New World arrived, Cabot convinced King Henry VII that England did not have to sit still while the Spaniards helped themselves to the New World. Even though the Pope had given Spain control of all the new lands in the New World, King Henry VII like Cabot’s idea. He paid for Cabot to begin an exploration of the New World because Cabot convinced him that it was possible to reach Asia on a more northerly route than Columbus had taken, and this route would be even shorter! The idea that a northern route existed started the search for the Northwest Passage to the Indies.

4 His goal was to find spices and jewels BY the Northwest Passage, to beat the Spanish. He explored for England

5 He set sail in 1497 on ship named Matthew

6 First Voyage Cabot sailed out of Bristol with his ship, the Matthew, on May 2, He landed in the New World, believing that he had landed on the east coast of Asia. Even now, we don’t know exactly where he landed. He may have landed in Maine or Newfoundland, Canada. Wherever he landed, he claimed it in the name of King Henry VII. Cabot became the first to discover mainland North America! Cabot sailed out of Bristol with his ship, the Matthew, on May 2, He landed in the New World, believing that he had landed on the east coast of Asia. Even now, we don’t know exactly where he landed. He may have landed in Maine or Newfoundland, Canada. Wherever he landed, he claimed it in the name of King Henry VII. Cabot became the first to discover mainland North America!

7 EXPLORATION: He became the first European explorer to discover the mainland of North America Check out his route………… …..

8 Final Voyage When Cabot arrived back in England, he was given a hero’s welcome for (supposedly) reaching the "Land of Spices." He was made an admiral and sent immediately back to find Japan. This time he sailed with five ships, but instead of finding Asian spices, he found dark forests and horrible rivers. When Cabot arrived back in England, he was given a hero’s welcome for (supposedly) reaching the "Land of Spices." He was made an admiral and sent immediately back to find Japan. This time he sailed with five ships, but instead of finding Asian spices, he found dark forests and horrible rivers. Some historians believe that Cabot returned from his second expedition and died around 1499 in England. Others believe that he never returned from his second voyage and was never heard from again. Some historians believe that Cabot returned from his second expedition and died around 1499 in England. Others believe that he never returned from his second voyage and was never heard from again.

9 FACT-he never found the Northwest passage- WHY NOT? Character Traits? Character Traits?

10 Jacques Cartier Jacques Cartier was born in the seaport of Saint Malo, France. Jacques Cartier was born in the seaport of Saint Malo, France. He studied navigation in Dieppe, a major French center for navigators. He studied navigation in Dieppe, a major French center for navigators. He may have sailed to Newfoundland with a fishing fleet in the early 1500s. Some historians believe Cartier accompanied Giovanni de Verrazano on French expeditions to the New World. He may have sailed to Newfoundland with a fishing fleet in the early 1500s. Some historians believe Cartier accompanied Giovanni de Verrazano on French expeditions to the New World.

11 In Search of the Northwest Passage In 1531, Francis I of France told Cartier to look for the Northwest Passage(goal) which John Cabot tried to find in In 1531, Francis I of France told Cartier to look for the Northwest Passage(goal) which John Cabot tried to find in Cartier got two small ships and 61 crew members. He left Saint Malo in April. In less than three weeks, he was sailing down the coast of Newfoundland, discovering the Magdalen and Prince Edward islands. Cartier got two small ships and 61 crew members. He left Saint Malo in April. In less than three weeks, he was sailing down the coast of Newfoundland, discovering the Magdalen and Prince Edward islands. Unfortunately he had mistaken the mouth of the St. Lawrence River for a bay, and failed to investigate it. Cartier’s description of the distant land excited many young explorers to seek their fortune in the New World. Unfortunately he had mistaken the mouth of the St. Lawrence River for a bay, and failed to investigate it. Cartier’s description of the distant land excited many young explorers to seek their fortune in the New World.

12 Second Expedition to Canada In 1535, the king sent him out again. He sailed up the St. Lawrence River and recognized it for what it was. He continued on, establishing Mont Real (Mount Royal) which is now Montreal, Canada. They spent the winter at an Indian village near Quebec, where Cartier watched 25 of his men die of scurvy. The Huron were generous to him, but he betrayed them. He kidnapped 12 Indians, including their chief, and headed straight for France. Cartier hoped that his prisoners would tell him where their gold mine was located, but there really was no gold mine.

13 Cartier’s Exploration Found the St. Lawrence River Found the St. Lawrence River Founded Montreal, Canada Founded Montreal, Canada

14 Last Voyage to the New World In 1541, his third expedition was put together to help Jean Roberval found a colony in Canada. Not a lot of French people wanted to go to the New World so the government dcided to send prisoners. While Cartier went ahead, Roberval awaited the prisoners. In June 1544, Roberval arrived on a supply ship only to find that Cartier had slipped back to France. Cartier had left Roberval stranded in New France with a colony of robbers and murderers. FACT-Cartier never found the Northwest Passage, but his explorations let the French claim the St. Lawrence Valley and parts of Canada.

15 Cartier’s character traits Think about how he bamboozled people?? Think about how he bamboozled people??

16 60 years later……. Henry Hudson was hired by the Muscovy Company in 1607, to find a waterway from Europe to Asia. He sets sail to again try to find a way through the ice of the north to find the Northwest passage….was he successful finding a NORTHWEST PASSAGE????????????? Henry Hudson was hired by the Muscovy Company in 1607, to find a waterway from Europe to Asia. He sets sail to again try to find a way through the ice of the north to find the Northwest passage….was he successful finding a NORTHWEST PASSAGE?????????????

17 In the summer of 1609 the ship the Half Moon sailing under Captain Henry Hudson under the flag of the Dutch East India Company searched in vain for a northern passage to the East Indies In the summer of 1609 the ship the Half Moon sailing under Captain Henry Hudson under the flag of the Dutch East India Company searched in vain for a northern passage to the East Indies

18 On the first of July 1609 he reached Newfoundland, and sailed into the a bay near now New York City. The next day the Half Moon sailed through the Narrows and in the afternoon sailed upstream on a river which would be named after the captain, the Hudson River. On the first of July 1609 he reached Newfoundland, and sailed into the a bay near now New York City. The next day the Half Moon sailed through the Narrows and in the afternoon sailed upstream on a river which would be named after the captain, the Hudson River. Hudson is credited with discovering the place that is now New York City Hudson sailed up the river about 150 miles (240 km) and realized that this was not a waterway to India. Hudson is credited with discovering the place that is now New York City Hudson sailed up the river about 150 miles (240 km) and realized that this was not a waterway to India.

19 Hudson’s Route

20 EXPLORATION Found what is now New York City, the Hudson River, and the Hudson Bay. Found what is now New York City, the Hudson River, and the Hudson Bay. FACT-he thought the ice would melt in the Arctic and then he could sail across the top of the continent. FACT-he thought the ice would melt in the Arctic and then he could sail across the top of the continent.

21 A trip through the Hudson Strait and into Hudson Bay ended in a mutiny. Hudson died in 1611 after his crew mutinied and left Hudson, his son, and seven crew members adrift in a small, open boat in Hudson Bay. His men wanted to go home and he did not, so they threw him out of the boat and left. A trip through the Hudson Strait and into Hudson Bay ended in a mutiny. Hudson died in 1611 after his crew mutinied and left Hudson, his son, and seven crew members adrift in a small, open boat in Hudson Bay. His men wanted to go home and he did not, so they threw him out of the boat and left.

22 Character traits of Hudson???


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