Presentation on theme: "The Northwest and the Artic"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Northwest and the Artic Chapter 2 Lesson 5Pages 82-87
2 A Region of PlentyA. People of the Northwest Coast- Kwakiutl (kwah-Kee-YOO-tuhl)- Makah (mah-KAW)- Chinook (Shuh-NUK)B. Fishing/Hunting/Gathering plants/Nuts- SALMON was a stapleC. Whales- Food, but also fat- Fat melted and used for oil- Kwakiutl – captures beached whales only- Makah – Hunted in large canoes that held 60 people
3 II. Resources and TradeA. Family Shelters- Makah – Like Iroquois, but larger (LONGHOUSE)- CLAN – Extended family- All members of the clan lived in the same longhouseB. Clans- made important village decisions- taught younger members songs, stories, & woodcarvingC. Wood- EXTREMELY important – everything made from wood- TOTEM POLES – showed one or more characters to tella story or welcome visitors
4 D. TRADE- Waterways were used to trade- ECONOMY – the way the people of a state, region, orcountry use their resources to meet theirneeds- Trading a big part of the regions economyE. The Dalles- Chinook – best known traders of the NW Coast Indians- Lived at the mouth of the Columbia River- Controlled all the way up to the Dalles (200 miles away)- DALLES – center of the trade network- Trading difficult though because all spoke diff. languages
5 - Chinook – profited due to creating a “trade language” - BARTER – exchange goods- Chinook used the trade language to help barter betweentwo groups who spoke different languages- Trading a big part of the regions economyF. A Potlatch “to give”- Used to show wealth and divide property among thepeople- Kwakiutl (lived along the coast of now Canada) believedto have developed the Potlatch- Dancing, Food, Speeches
6 Lands of the NorthA. Aleut (a-lee-OOT)- lived along the coast of the Aleutian IslandsB. Inuit (IH-nu-wuht)- Closely related to the Aleut- lived in what is now Alaska and Northernmost CanadaC. Life in the Artic- Few plants- Hunted fox, caribou, polar bears- Used harpoons & kayaks to hung seals, walruses,whales- KAYAK – one person canoe made of waterproof skins stretched over wood or bone
7 D. Resources- everything used- Seals = meat, skins (clothes & tents), oil (heat & light), bones (tools)E. Aleut & Inuit homes- Aleut lived together in large houses with beams of whalebone & walls of sod- Inuit - lived in IGLOOS, homes of ice, in winter- some Inuit lived in tents made of animal skin or in sod houses year round
8 F. Family- extended family important to the Inuit & Aleut- bands of 60 – 300 people- traveled and hunted together for survival- bands would come together to make important decisionsG. Life in the Sub-Artic- South of the Artic – stretches from eastern Canada to what is now Alaska- CREE – believed in hunting and gathering to meet needs- Cree lived in a wide area covering Canada- Trees provided wood to help meet needs- Could not grow crops due to extreme weather
9 SUMMARYPeoples of the Northwest Coast took advantage of the region’s rich natural resourcesPeoples of the Arctic and sub-Arctic thrived in a region of fewer resources
27 How did life change for people once they began farming? They began to settle down. Were no longer nomadic people.
28 What achievement of Mayan culture was unique among early Americans? They developed a counting system that included the number zero
29 Which two language groups lived in the Eastern Woodlands region? A. Iroquoian & AlgonquianB. Shoshone & Nez PerceC. Inuit & AluetD. Hopi & Navajo
30 Which two language groups lived in the Eastern Woodlands region? A. Iroquoian & Algonquian
31 For which two Native American regions was wood one of the most important resources? A. Southwest & PlainsB. Plains & Eastern WoodlandsC. Eastern Woodlands & NorthwestD. Southwest & Artic
32 For which two Native American regions was wood one of the most important resources? C. Eastern Woodlands & Northwest
33 What is one example of a way that Native Americans modified their environment? A. They traded for things they needed.B. They irrigated land for farming.C. They stored food in containers.D. They traveled long distances for wood.
34 What is one example of a way that Native Americans modified their environment? B. They irrigated land for farming.
35 According to the land bridge theory, form which continent did early people cross into North America? A. AfricaB. AsiaC. EuropeD. South America
36 According to the land bridge theory, form which continent did early people cross into North America? B. Asia
37 What is the main reason that early peoples in the Americas began to live in larger, more settled villages?A. They developed agriculture.B. They found dependable water sources.C. They learned how to hunt with bows & arrows.D. They needed protection from warring peoples.
38 What is the main reason that early peoples in the Americas began to live in larger, more settled villages?A. They developed agriculture.
39 What was the major purpose of the Iroquois League? A. To trade goodsB. To lead religious ceremoniesC. To resolve conflicts among people & groupsD. To establish a common language for communication
40 What was the major purpose of the Iroquois League? C. To resolve conflicts among people & groups
41 After water, what was the most important resource for the Plains Indians? A. BuffaloB. FishC. RiversD. Trees
42 After water, what was the most important resource for the Plains Indians? A. Buffalo
43 Why did the economy of Native Americans living in the Arctic cause families to band together? A. They were able to grow plenty of food in the summerB. They had to travel long distances to hunt sealC. When food was scarce, the families shared seal meatD. They held potlatch celebrations to share their many resources
44 Why did the economy of Native Americans living in the Arctic cause families to band together? C. When food was scarce, the families shared seal meat